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This is yo boy, Dougie B, still reppin – Amani!

This is yo boy, Dougie B, still reppin – Amani!

Amani and Media

Spil I have taken a duo of weeks off, my blogging abilities have slightly diminished but I’ll attempt to get back ter the “flow.” The News documentary wij are watching is pretty interesting BUT I have noticed that the concentrate has bot on the development of news and journalism from the customary newspaper to movie news and quick news online. I have not seen any of our causes te this documentary yet but this isn’t to say wij cannot draw conclusions about news and our topic.

Amani doesn’t make news. It is not going to be found te newspapers or talked about on the radiodifusión. It is circunscrito, and when I say almacén, I mean very regional. “News” is what the public wants to hear. Much of this information is crap te my opinion (style, hollywood, etc.) but much of it is also “important” (political issues, general uprisings, crime, the usual). So where are the organizations or movements for social justice ter the news? Well, I’m sad to say that unless you search truly hard (like spend 20 minutes on youtube narrowing down the searches) you won’t find specific causes and up-to-date information on the activities of those causes. To the best of my skill, the “news” of Amani circles within the Amani community. If you are involved with Amani then you will receive emails and make contacts with others who share your passion. However, if you don’t know anything about Amani then it would take something extreme for you to hear about this wonderful organization (like running into mij for example). One of the reasons that Amani doesn’t market itself or show up extensively ter regional papers, ads, broadcasts, etc. is because it is a non-profit organization that runs on a taut budget and cannot afford this.

I think that news today should also concentrate on the issues that are troubling our society. When wasgoed the last time that the HIV/AIDS depressie and its effects on orphans ter Africa wasgoed featured te the newspaper? You tell mij. I can’t recall such a time. Is this not significant here te Indianapolis, Ter, US of A? Evidently not. Wij have more significant things to talk about, like Governor Daniels possibly running for voorzitter (kidding).

News plays a puny role ter my cause because of the way our communicative society is structured. If integral social justice problems appeared te newspapers and television programs more often, more self sustaining switch would go after and the world would be a better place.

Reminisce Alex Brown


Meet Alex Brown

This story is a journey from the utmost tragedy to awareness and grace.

Spoiler bedachtzaam: this is a sad postbode and contains Justin Bieber. If you’re still interested this postbode will also take 20 minutes of your time. Still interested? You should be, cuz this blog is auténtico. Here at Dougie B. Still Reppin’ Amani wij like to postbode meaningful stories, practices, situations etc. and grow by finding meaning through making connections to our own life. If you’re looking for a quick comment, this is not the pagina. Te order to practice this postbode, you will need to read, reflect, and see. Both movies on the Brown family that I’ve posted paint the picture of this tragedy. But this tragedy has given way to a large field of blossoming orchards. It is a beautiful story….with a powerful message. The center of this story is texting and driving. But this particular story is unlike the surplus, for the death of this tiener is not the last chapter. Through the grace and will of Heer, Alex Brown’s parents are speaking to youth across the country. By retelling Alex’s story, they are reliving their worst nightmare…over and overheen again.

If y’all didn’t toebijten to catch the Extreme Makeover Huis Edition scene a few weeks ago about Alex Brown, I’m sorry- it wasgoed such an amazing gig! If you did see it then good. It wasgoed a two hour gig about a lady who died because she wasgoed texting and driving. Alex wasgoed 17 and wasgoed absolutely gorgeous. Hier mom, dad, and junior sister were devastated but made a promise to prevent this from happening again by creating a foundation te Alex’s name. The Reminisce Alex Brown Foundation has taken off and the publicity of being on the Extreme Makeover Showcase brought this message to millions of people. The scene featured guest appearances from Emma Roberts (fascinante) and Justin Bieber (sugestivo?). One of my dearest moments wasgoed when Katrina (Alex’s junior sister) flew out to Fresh York with hier friends and wasgoed astonished by J Biebs. He then proceeded to give them VIP tickets to his muziekstuk, permit them to come early to dance with the squad, AND he donated $1 from every toegangsbewijs to the Recall Alex Brown Foundation (see, he is a sweetheart). But my dearest part wasgoed when he instructed Katrina and hier friends how to Dougie. It wasgoed so funny! and he indeed can Dougie! Witness the very first 30 seconds of this movie.

Now prepare yourself. You are now about to hear the story of Alex Brown. Your life will be switched forever. Mine wasgoed.

Mark McGuinn wrote the song “Til’ You Got Home” about Alex Brown and the song is now on iTunes- I bought it just a few days ago. I’m te LOVE with it! It is a very emotional and catchy song. Please buy this song- half of the proceeds will be donated to the Alex Brown Foundation.

Alex’s family has traveled across the United States speaking to high schools and sharing Alex’s story. Their message is elementary: don’t text and drive. Their internal beauty is breathtaking. The mom is such a heartbreaker. I wasgoed deeply touched by the scene and without thinking I tweeted about it afterwards and got online to take the pledge to never everzwijn text and drive again.

My purpose is for you to make a promise to yourself to never text and drive again. Believe mij, just a few weeks ago I wasgoed like almost every other teenage te that I thought, “I know texting and driving isn’t ok, but it is ok when I do it.” I would never look down for more than a 2nd or two and attempted to limit my texting to when I came to surplus at stoplights. But after watching the Extreme Makeover and hearing Alex Brown’s story, I toevluchthaven’t texted a single word or even answered my phone while driving… and I never will. The loss of Alex and the anguish hier family lives with is enough for my heart to bear… I have promised myself that I will not text and drive because I don’t want my family to lose mij ter that way.


There are also thumbrings that say r.a.b. to remind you not to get out your phone and text while driving. Everyone who observed this scene leaped online afterwards to attempt and figure out how to get a hold of them. I found out on the facebook group Reminisce Alex Brown that if you make a donation to the foundation of $25 or more, ter about three weeks you will receive a opbergruimte of r.a.b. thumbrings. If you’re interested te getting one, just holler.

I will provide y’all with a verbinding to the extreme makeover huis edition’s recall Alex Brown pledge. Just click on this listig, read the paragraph about Alex, and then click on the blue verbinding that says: Print out the pledge, sign it and reminisce Alex Brown.

On behalf of everybody here at Dougie B. Still Reppin’ Amani, it has bot a pleasure- thank you and Godheid Bless.


James Cameron is a boss

This is yo boy Dougie B, now reppin’ the Na’vi

Let’s relate Altibajo to my cause. To refresh your memory, my cause is an organization (Amani) that supports orphanages te Kenya. Let’s establish why there is a need for orphanages te Kenya. The HIV/AIDS virus has wiped out millions ter Kenya and thereby left millions of childrens spil orphans. The way that Kenyans often react to illness, especially te times of economic turmoil, is by making persons with illnesses outcasts. An example is how hospitals ter Nairobi neglect to care for those babies that are HIV positive because their resources are opened up lean and they only want to care for those they believe have the best chance of surviving. Those who are sick te Kenya are often not cared for. Now let’s tegenstelling this with Pandora. On Pandora, the Ometacaya revere life and have a strong sense of community. Wij can assume that there are viruses and communicable diseases on Pandora but wij did not have the time to see them. The Ometacaya react to sickness by asking for strength through Ewya and asking to the Tree of Souls. If one member of the Na’vi people became very sick, the entire Ometacaya tribe gathers ter chanting under the Tree of Souls te asking Eywa to give that person strength. On Pandora, death is not a horrible thing because when you diegene, you became part of Eywa and come in the circle of life. I cannot see the need for an orphanage on Pandora because the Na’vi people are such care-takers of one another.

Now imagine if wij acted like the Na’vi people. The Indians were similar ter a loterijlot of ways to the Na’vi. But unfortuneately wij have at least for the most part wiped out the Indian tribes. Wij have separated them from their homeland much like the “Sky People” separated the Na’vi from Hometree. Spil technology has advanced and the human wedren has modernized, wij have lost all sense of responsibility to the community. Spil individuals ter society today, wij are connected to our family and would react like the Na’vi if one of our family members fell ill. However, the Na’vi are one big family. Imagine if the community of Indianapolis knew everyone and considered each member family. I think wij can learn to love others through watching Cambio and admiring the beauty of James Cameron’s masterpiece. I want to be a Na’vi

Society is Pulling Us Away From the Truth

This weekend I would like to talk about faith, spirituality and the fight to maintain a relationship with Maker amidst the world wij live te today. Let mij very first establish the underlining belief that every human being longs for a sense of spirituality. I truly believe that wij are all born with a spiritual chunk which makes up our “oneness.” Now whether that spiritual lump is kept intact, nurtured or ruined is not the punt I hope to address. I tightly believe that te present day society, it is now stiffer than everzwijn to cultivate a relationship with Schepper. Let’s very first start by codifying our terminology. When I speak of developing a relationship with Heerser, I do not simply mean attending Mass every Sunday and telling prayers every merienda and a while. Having a relationship with Heerser, to mij, means being te touch with your inward spirit, worshipping Him and sharing your most private thoughts, worries, doubts and fears with Him. That to mij defines having a relationship with Heer.

There are several reasons why I feel it is spil difficult to have an intimate relationship with Godheid now than it has everzwijn bot. Technology has advanced drastically even within the last twenty years. I am not anti-technology but feel spil tho’ technology is pulling us away from our inward beings. Wij perceive life-from cradle to grave-externally. The imagination of children is hindered by television, gaming and electronics. Wij spend so much of our time entangled with relationships that do not even exist. Before the television came into existence, I believe that children played with fucktoys, spent time reading and played with kids outside ter the neighborhood. Today, children spend hours staring at the screens of Nintendo DS Gameboys and other forms of gaming entertainment. Television slurps enormous portions of our time spil human beings. I feel that spil wij engage ter the info-glut world of consumerism and materialism, wij lose ourselves ter the process. Where is Godheid ter entertainment, gaming systems or television?Spil youthful adults wij concentrate our time on improving our ranks te Call of Duty and catching up on reality TV shows instead of strengthening the existing relationships te our lives. I am also a strong believer that wij are often inspired by Heerser through others. Godheid works through others ter our lives whether wij accept it or not.

Let mij take one 2nd to point out that not all forms of entertainment are bruising to us. The Internet, for example, is a wealth of skill and resources that has proven to budge mountains. But the majority of time that the youth spends on the Internet today is on Facebook and Twitter. period.

Wij are now going to examine the ways te which the media inherently pull us away from the Higher Power (Heer, Allah, Yahweh, or, at least for now, wij may call him The Truth). I believe that Satan is working masterly to pull us away from The Truth ter every way he can. The messages being spoon fed to youthful kids growing up today regarding drinking, drug use and hookup is absolutely ridiculous. Our society puts celebrities, rappers and millionaires on a pedestal above everyone else. Wij make thesis people out to be Heroes when the truth is that they are often very greedy, empty and selfish human beings. Why is it that wij have things upside down? Wij glorify individuals that lack ético character, self respect and integrity. The human beings worth being applauded for are usually not even recognized. There are so many invisible heroes who truly know what it means to love. They have given up lives of convenience and success to spend painful days working with the impoverished, homeless victims of our caste system today. Thesis are our efectivo Heroes. But our world today is telling us that ter order to be blessed wij voorwaarde have money, success and fame when the truth is that those individuals who have achieved fame and wealth are the people searching for happiness the most.

Let mij point something out. There are two kinds of communication: Confidence and Gossip. Confidence is when a person is talking to someone else about THEMSELVES. Zekering and think for a uur how often you talk to others about your own deeds rather than the deeds of others. Whenever wij speak to a friend about deeds other than our own, wij are communicating Gossip. How often do wij find ourselves waiting for someone to turn the corner so that wij can make a remark about them? It happens every 2nd. Our world today is total of Gossip.

To truly define ourselves from the inwards out, wij voorwaarde strive to speak only about our own deeds. An example would be this: I’m talking to my friend and I tell him, “Last night at baloncesto practice coach wasgoed railing mij for no reason! He is such a wank! All I do is bust my butt off and he yells at mij every practice!” The keurig way to phrase this would be to say, “I had a rough practice last night. I permitted my private problems to interfere with my baloncesto spel. My mind wasgoed not on the court.” Notice how the 2nd response accepts total accountability. Attempt to become aware of thesis instances ter your everyday conversations with friends- attempt to talk only about your own deeds. You will be astonished how quickly wij take the chance to talk about others.

Back to my main idea: where is Maker ter today’s world? 99% of the messages wij are receiving are pulling us away from The Truth. It takes a warrior to stand up for Heer today. Wij are programmed to associate “fun” with partying, drinking and being bad. Merienda everyone reaches high schoolgebouw, there is peer pressure to drink, date, gossip, join cliques and rebel against our parents. Only strong individuals with a solid foundation are able to remain true to themselves and not switch through the stages of adolescence. Because so many of us lack self-esteem and want so badly to feel included, wij permit others to mold us into the persons they want us to be. It is our responsibility and the responsibility of our parents ter raising us to hold onto ourselves because society is working oh so hard to cripple the minds of its youth. Wij get pulled into this imaginario reality which can be detrimental to our journey to better understand ourselves, others and Maker.

Today I would like to showcase you a movie of a truly inspiring youthful dame. She instructs us all to go after our passions and include Aker ter our lives. I hope you are spil moved by this movie spil I am.

Education Today

I’ve liked the last few classes and our discussions on whether schoolgebouw needs to be saved. Haffley shredded that chalkboard, that’s for sure. Everybody’s mind wasgoed movin’ and ideas were sprouting out of lean air. To duo the radical discussions wij’ve had is our reading te LOC (pronounced low-ck, not l.o.c.). Te one of our loke readings a fellow spoke about how wij need to commence earlier. He said that kids should be going to schoolgebouw at age Four and by 16 they should be going off to explore at universities. I think he brings up an interesting idea but I don’t agree with him. Unlike ter China, I’m using stereotypes right now, wij do not love working and studying all day long. Wij are not machine-like ter our work ethic strafgevangenis do wij have the drive to accept the challenge of taking firmer courses sooner. I think that if wij attempted to do what this guy- sorry I don’t want to look up his name- is telling it would be a disaster. At least for the very first twenty years, puinhoop would rule schoolgebouw grounds and children and teacher alike would be fuming. BUT, BUT, I beg to ask the question, what would toebijten after society had made the adjustments of beginning schooling earlier and the problems solved themselves? What would toebijten then, huh? Would it benefit our society if at age sixteen students were beginning collegium? This is a very harsh question because I cannot read the future. However, I think that our education system has its flaws but on a pass fail scale it sneaks by with a final grade of: PASS. BUT, BUT, let mij bring up an significant point: te America are wij pleased with our education system only achieving a PASS? What about a PASS+ or a PASS++? Wij may be doing an ok job at educating the youth and forming leaders for tomorrow but what if wij need to create leaders today? After all, the Europeans, Chinese, and Asians are hammering us out te several areas. Wij voorwaarde not fall behind, right? Heaven forbid India produce the next world renown cancer researcher and not America. Wij voorwaarde be better. Wij voorwaarde be quicker, more efficient, and ultimately THE BEST.

Now that I’ve established that our standards te America are out of the roof, let’s discuss how wij voorwaarde improve our education system so that wij can be at the very top ter every field of examine. I think the government needs to step te. Te what ways? Well, very first off they need to improve state schools (like IPS) by hiring-hold on let mij rephrase that- paying teachers that are more qualified and actually CARE. Te order to improve our teachers wij voorwaarde create committees which oversee the hiring/interviewing process of acquiring fresh teachers. I believe the government voorwaarde buttplug more funds into the schools that are towards the bottom echelon of schools te the US of A- it is joy telling it that way. Te other words, our lowest level needs to improve. I think the response is teachers.

My cause. Well . . . my cause is the Amani Foundation which supports Fresh Life Homes Orphanages te Kenya. Is education related to my cause? Of course! Education is indirectly related to basically everything. How am I able to type here on this webpagina? Education. What am I talking about? Education. See? It is my individual belief that education and thirst go forearm te forearm. How can children learn when they are thirsty? Fresh Life Homes Orphanages supports HIV/AIDS infected babies who grow and develop into children. Without the Godspeed of NLH, many of the children would not still be alive, let alone healthy and strong. So NLH prepares children with a foundation of medicine (to fight HIV/AIDS), food, and love. This combination puts children te homes where they will be able to pursue an education. Wij take so much for granted. Wij are born and our parents know that wij will be educated. It is almost a dumb question to ask. But te Kenya, when a child is born, the very first question asked is, Will they make it? The chances of that child receiving an education are often traumatized by HIV/AIDS, having only one or no parents, and lacking the basic necessities for survival (food and water). If a child can overcome thesis obstacles and reach the age of schooling then he/she voorwaarde hope they parent or guardian can afford paying for schoolgebouw. It is not fair. Wij are so privileged. Sometimes it makes mij sick to think about everything I have and how I do not appreciate it.

So my message is love LIVING, be grateful you are ter America, and if ter doubt, reaction a question by telling, “Education.” You may sound indeed clever.

Creativity, Imagination, and Jelly of the Month Club

I truly liked “shooting” our commercial and I like even better using the phrase “shooting our commercial” because it sounds so professional and legit. Maybe one day I will be able to actually “shoot” footage for a movie or documentary or whatever. The process for mij seemed very well mapped out. I loved having time ter class to work on developing our ideas and commence pulling pictures together and recording the voiceover for our commercials. I felt that since wij used our time ter class very effectively, wij did not have to spend hours and hours on the weekend or during the week at huis working on it. I did anyways. I liked using iMovie again, familiarizing myself with it, and improving my rusty abilities because it’s bot since the Hero Journey that I’ve used it. Ms. Haffley is the source of all good: note to self. I also think the abilities wij are using will serve us well down the road. Being able to waterput together a collection of pictures, movies, and music and coordinating them with text and visual effects is a skill that I think is very valuable. You can’t waterput a price tag on that. I liked how Ms. Haffley permitted us to be creative yet still be productive. By having us come up with pitches and share them to the class, I feel like wij were part of some big company and wij were on the advertising/marketing houtvezelplaat. It reminded mij ter a strange way of the Apprentice. Hier method of providing us the freedom to use our gifts and talents to make something worthwhile is nothing brief of inspiring. While other classes are bored out of their mind by sticking to the writing book week after week, wij are being challenged to think outside of the opbergruimte and wij are acquiring abilities of the likes which wij may not even recognize. I loved making our commercial, watching the final product and feeling a slight bit of satisfaction, and watching the interesting, weird, yet hilarious commercials that others made. I think of the line by Eddy te Christmas Vacation- the movie wasgoed on last weekend that’s why I’m thinking about it- where Clark is hoping to get a check with a yam-sized premie to voorkant the money he already waterput down for the fresh swimming pool but instead he receives a one year membership to the Jelly of the Month club. Eddie says, “Clark that’s the bounty that keeps on givin’ the entire year.”

Eboo Patel

Pictured from left to right, Nate Osborne, Eboo Patel, Dougie Barnard, respectively

This morning I had the pleasure of attending the Interfaith conference held at the Interfaith church of Indianapolis. I heard about the conference from Nate Osborne’s mom. Wij were having refrigerio on Sunday talking about the Kenya Club and she mentioned this interfaith conference at which wij would be able to give a brief presentation. I thought, wow, that could be truly cool, but what would I say? They invited us to come and share because of Nate’s work through the Kenya Carnival, which is a kid-led interfaith carnival which supports students through high schoolgebouw ter Chulaimbo, Kenya. That wasgoed our connection to this prestigious meeting. Merienda wij got the green light, all systems were a go. From there Nate and I met a few times to discuss our presentation. This morning Nate and his mom picked mij up at 7:45 to drive to the interfaith church for the 8:15 conference or get-together. When wij arrived I felt a little out-of-place. Wij walked ter and they asked for our names. They had a name-tag for each of us along with a packet of information. I felt so official, like I wasgoed someone significant or something. Then wij made our way up the stairs and into the slagroom where the gathering took place. There wasgoed an extravagant assortment of breakfast items and juices laid out upon numerous tables. I didn’t have the belly to even think about eating something. I wasgoed thinking about my talk and I had butterflies ter my tummy.

Mrs. Osborne has so many connections and she made hier rounds to greet everyone she knew and introduce us spil well. I felt like an absolute nobody. A nobody who happened to be wearing a gold, brebeuf says yes, ken-ya help us t-shirt. After walking around for a bit, Nate and I determined to scope out our seats. Wij found three open seats ter the vooraanzicht row and parked there. Let mij describe this slagroom to you- it wasgoed an old fashioned wooden slagroom with stain glass windows along one side of the wall. It had a cozy, taut knit vibe. There were rows of chairs lined up all facing the pui of the slagroom where there wasgoed a toneel and a screen along with a projector. I also noticed a ginormous camera set up facing the toneelpodium with the microphone. There wasgoed an American flag standing tall against the wall ter the vuurlijn of the slagroom.

Spil I wasgoed listening to a few of the opening speakers, I had the sense that I wasgoed at some sort of presidential election because of the microphone, toneelpodium, flag, and large mega tripod movie camera. It wasgoed so cool. There wasgoed an older lady who spoke about world peace and she closed by reading a beautiful poem te hier European accent. At least it sounded beautiful- I couldn’t fairly make out all of the words because of hier unique accent. But everyone else te the audience seemed to get a kick out of it, so it voorwaarde have bot a pretty good poem.

Another speaker wasgoed the Dean of Social justice at Indiana University. He spoke about his efforts to pursue ongoing efforts for various movements centered around justice. I wasgoed fairly struck by his words. I felt that he spoke with dignity and power. He introduced one of his friends whose name is Klaus (kuh-lao-se). Klaus is from Cologne, Germany. He looks like the cutest man you have everzwijn seen te your entire life. He seems to be about 75 and walks with his head kleintje of down. He has sort of a hunch overheen stance. He is always smiling. He radiates joy. Anyway, so the dean of social work at IU spoke a few words about Klaus. He said that he had met Klaus many years ago at a conference for world peace. He spoke to Klaus for a few minutes and wasgoed touched by his vision. Klaus tugged the cover sleeve of the dean and said to him, you are going to make a difference te the world through your work ter Indiana. The dean wasgoed very moved and maintained a relationship with Klaus even after they parted ways. After the dean finished talking about Klaus, he walked overheen and talent Klaus a token of appreciation for the work he has done via his lifetime to promote world peace. It wasgoed demonstrable that this act of graciousness touched Klaus. He proceeded to treatment the microphone. When he spoke, I wasgoed absolutely amazed by his accent. It wasgoed unlike any other accent I have everzwijn heard before. The way he spoke wasgoed of the utmost sincerity. His tone of language wasgoed of gentle love. He even gasped up when talking about his vision for world peace. It wasgoed one of the most encantador things I have everzwijn seen.

The next speaker wasgoed the advisor to Viejo Ballard. This strong, tall black man wasgoed yet another awesome public speaker. He collective many of the ideas of Viejo Ballard and how they are working to form our community. Their objective is for Indianapolis to become a world renown center for social switch ter this world. I have to say, it wasgoed pretty moving. I accurately liked his talk. He then introduced the man behind organizing the conference who spoke about what a pleasure it wasgoed to have so many people here today. Next he invited four students from Immaculate Heart of Mary to come up and share about their practices with their diversity dialogue.

After they collective it wasgoed time for mij and Nate. The ogenblik wij had bot waiting for. It wasgoed spil if a wave of pressure crashed into mij. But no need to fear, this wasgoed no different than standing up to give a speech te Mr. Hick’s class right? After listening to a multitude of powerful speakers, I seemed a bit humbled which made the butterflies ter my tummy flap around even more rapidly. But I have always had a way with public speaking. I get jumpy before mitt, which is natural, but when my ogenblik comes, I shine. I feel very comfy ter that uur, when all eyes are on mij and I have a chance to let my light shine. It is such a thrilling experience- public speaking. Especially at this occasion because I had never spoke at an event with so much class and sophistication. It wasgoed truly an honor. Nate spoke very first and then turned it overheen to mij. I remembered all of the points ter my speech and even threw te a quote from Margaret Meade to close it: “Never doubt that a petite group of thoughtful, committed people can switch the world. Indeed it is the only thing that everzwijn has.” Prosperidad. haha.

The next speaker wasgoed the reason why all of us attended this conference. His name is Eboo Patel. He is one of the two Muslims on the faith advisory houtvezelplaat for Obama. To sum up his speech, let’s just say I wasgoed swept off of my feet. I wasgoed gargled away. I had tears ter my eyes. I gazed at him with the utmost respect and admiration, noticing how the zon reflected through the stained glass windows to make his face glow a bright yellow. I had an awakening, a realization, a stirring of emotions inwards of mij to the likes of which I had never experienced before. I have never heard a more powerful speech ter my entire life. His language, eloquence, matter-of-fact manner, wit, intelligence, and passion all came together to take the listener on such a fine rail. He led us back into history and frequently took us inbetween the past and present. I wasgoed astounded by his vast skill of people, books, movement, and faiths. If only you had bot there. I swear to you, it would have deep throated you away. After listening to him speak (it wasgoed 45 minutes long) every single person ter the slagroom spotted very first arm why this boy is on Obama’s faith advisory houtvezelplaat. He is brilliant. I want to go into his speech but it would be a lengthy discussion. So I’ll give you the message of his speech te shortened form. Just spil wij were ripped bijzonder spil a country by the color line (étnico segregation) 60 years ago, so are wij now ripped speciaal today by the faith line. Interfaith world peace is of primary importance today. And he talent facts, gegevens, stories from books, private practices, and hundreds of inspiring phrases along with that. I want to get the movie of his speech. I would love to observe it again and share it with others.

After hearing Eboo speak, I thought about the diversity and religious differences wij have at Brebeuf. I recently attended the diversity dialogue at Brebeuf to attempt to tackle some of thesis issues. One point I would like to make is this: Diversity is not always a positive thing. Our schoolgebouw is looking to increase its diversity but unless wij foster attitudes of love and acceptance of different religious and étnico groups, diversity can actually rip us speciaal. When I think back to Eboo’s speech, I recall him telling that gegevens shows that if a person has a positive practice with a different faith tradition, they are likely to view that faith tradition spil a entire te a much better light. Albeit Brebeuf is a Catholic Jesuit preparatory schoolgebouw, wij have students from several different faith traditions. It is significant for us to recognize that spil a student bod, wij are predominantly Jewish and Christian. Wij have all schoolgebouw masses, Christian prayer overheen the announcements, mass served during the prt’s, and wij recognize Jewish holidays. When it comes to Islam, I believe that wij do not make enough of an effort to include it and learn more about it. Aside from eyeing the names of significant Muslim holidays ter our assignment notebooks, I feel that the religion is excluded from our daily lives spil much spil possible. I know that wij are a Catholic schoolgebouw, but let’s work towards developing positive practices with the religion of Islam. Te doing so, wij will be open to growth and wij will exhibit interfaith values. Eboo Patel spoke about his visit to Franklin collegium the day before. He visioned the voorzitter of Franklin collegium wiggling the arms of his students on graduation day. He asked us, wouldn’t it be nice if the the voorzitter could look into the eyes of every single student graduating and know that they exhibited interfaith values? That would be incredible. To know that every student had bot exposed to positive practices with other faith traditions and would proceed to be leaders and preachers te the future.

Eboo addressed the kwestie of religious differences by telling that there are four ways to overeenkomst with them. The very first is a Bubble of Isolation. Wij can bubble ourselves within our own faith traditions and voorkant our ears from the views of other religions. The 2nd treatment is a Barrier of Division. Wij can acknowledge that others adore differently than us and use that difference to separate ourselves from those people. The third is a Bomb of Destruction. If you turn on the news or read the newspaper, you will notice that every single day people use faith spil a means of violence. Do you everzwijn notice that thesis suicide bombers are always inbetween 18-24 years old? This isn’t a coincidence. The extremist groups are targeting the youth. They are brainwashing kids from an early age to view differences ter religion with hatred and hostility. The fourth method of dealing with religious differences is a Bridge of Cooperation. This is the way wij wish to overeenkomst with all sorts of religious conflict/difference. Te order to work together for the common good not only spil a country but spil a human wedstrijd, it is vivo for us to overeenkomst decently with differences te faith/adore. World peace is the ultimate purpose. Al-Qaeda is our enemy. For every meeting wij hold for interfaith prosperity and world peace, there are five meetings occurring via the world to promote wars and violence based off of religion. Let mij make this clear, wij are not contesting on frío ground. They are winning right now. It is our job to spread messages of love and cooperation through interfaith dialogue. Through our words and deeds wij vereiste work and encourage others to work towards making religious differences into a Bridge of Cooperation.

One of the coolest moments of the day wasgoed when Eboo talent a shout out to mij and Nate. I will never leave behind it. The very first thing he said when he got up there wasgoed that he wasgoed gonna deepthroat us up on twitter (he pointed to us- ter the gevelbreedte row) because he wasgoed mad inspired by us. I couldn’t even believe it. It wasgoed a fantasy. After he spoke Nate and I waited te line to talk to him. He is such a incredible human being. I need a poster of him to string up up ter my bedroom. He is hero of mine. Nate and I also got a picture with him. Pictures last forever. I will never leave behind it.

I took so much out of this practice. After hearing Eboo speak, wij had a pauze ter which everyone walked around, spoke to each other, and grabbed muffins or juice. I can’t tell you how good it felt to have people patstelling mij and Nate on the back and say, you guys are incredible. There were random people who wij had never met before that came up and beginning talking to us. The quality of the people at this petite get together/conference wasgoed out of this world. I mean it wasgoed just phenomenal. I wasgoed ter awe. There wasgoed one lady ter particular that stood out to mij. Hier name is Julie Singer. She is about 25-30 years old. She approached mij, introduced herself, and asked mij about visiting Kenya. She wasgoed very intrigued and she took mij by verrassing when she said, I’m fluent ter Swahili. I go, WHATTTTTTTTT! Instantaneously my jaw dropped and my perspective of this stud just went out of the roof. I wasgoed fascinated to learn that she minored ter African studies and has traveled to several countries ter Africa. But for hier to be fluent te Swahili, the language spoken ter Kenya, that is just too ideal. I said Train mij. She said, I would love to. I wasgoed also astonished to hear from hier that Swahili isn’t truly that difficult of a language to learn. And she told mij, You will be astonished how struck the Kenyans will be when you open your mouth and speak their language. She said they will absolutely love you. So I got hier card and I may email hier to set up a time for hier to instruct mij how to form some sentences te Swahili. I cannot wait! Te my head I can picture myself standing te vooraanzicht of a classroom of students and speaking a paragraph te Swahili (which I memorized) to just gargle them away. I want to do that this summer so badly! And Julie Singer will help mij get there.

One more thing that I learned is to not judge people. From very first glance, and from very first impression, I wasgoed a little skeptical of Julie. When I very first shook hier mitt, and smelled hier cigarette breath which encompassed mij, I thought of hier ter not the nicest way. But after talking to hier, I realized that judging a person before you get to know them is such a shame. Because boy i would’ve missed out on an incredible female te Julie Singer. It is such a lesson to be learned. It is so effortless for us to form opinions te our goes of a person based off of appearance when it is the personality that truly matters. So I challenge myself from this point forwards to take the time to get to know each person that I can. The person who will touch our hearts and indeed make an influence on our lives will often be the person wij least expect to.

Thank you Julie for training mij about love. you were a stranger to mij and only five minutes straks, I felt I had known you for many years. The power of love is remarkable

The audit trail is totally immutable via its entire life cycle and it is protected against both authorized and unauthorized interventions.

The audit trail is totally immutable via its entire life cycle and it is protected against both authorized and unauthorized interventions.

IMiS/ARChive Server enables the archiving of unlimited quantities of binary objects (scanned documents, files, emails). It is used spil an individual digital archive for storing objects from various applications. The security of archived objects is provided by state-of-the-art algorithms for encryption. Extra security mechanisms are an audit trail for determining the activities on archived objects and the setting up of a secondary location for ensuring high availability of the archive system.

It provides all modern technological security methods te order to avoid unauthorised accesses to the content. When the content is archived, a unique, encrypted identifier (ID) is created for the content. Traffic inbetween the client and server is encrypted using the advanced AES-256 algorithms and adequate mechanisms (TLS).

The IMiS/ARChive Server enables the hierarchy of entities (classes, folders and documents) ter the classification scheme. The amount of class and folder levels is practically unlimited and can vary ter the individual parts of the archive.

Each class, folder and document te the archive has its own classification code, which is unique for the entire archive. The code is assigned upon creation and cannot be altered, unless the entity has bot moved within the classification scheme (re-classification). According to the settings, the fully qualified classification code is automatically assigned by the server or the user can by hand come in a part of the code.

A user with suitable rights can assign a list of rights (Access Control Lists – ACL) to an user or user group, to access the content or metadata. When necessary, he can also determine roles, which are a group of rights for performing individual operations (AuditLogQuery, Transfer, Reports, etc.).

The Access Control List includes explicit permissions or prohibitions, which can also be time-limited. Together with inherited rights they determine effective rights.

The effective rights enable the user to create, edit and delete content, switch ACL, stir content te the classification scheme and manage security classes and status. The rights to access metadata enable the user to additionally manage the approvals and confinements for reading, writing, creating and deleting of non-public metadata.

To be able to see the content, the user security class level has to be at least the same spil the security class of the content (which has bot explicitly defined or inherited).

If that is not the case, the user cannot work with the content te any case and checking the rights for accessing the classes, folders and documents cannot be performed.

Authenticity of the content, subject to long-term archiving is secured using the standardised concept of the evidence record syntax (ERS te XML form according to RFC 6283) and recommendations of the LTANS (Long-Term Archive and Notary Services) for checking integrity.

The key processes for ensuring long-term authenticity of content are the processes of generating and renewing proofs (hash, electronic signature with digital certificate, timestamp).

The archival information package (AIP) is created by the IMiS/ARChive Server for all folders and documents, which are subject to authenticity proces. The AIP is a summary of the metadata and content of the entity ter XML form. Every AIP, archival server processes and calculates the hash. From calculated hashes of individual AIPs, a hash tree (Merkle tree) is created and a root hash is created and timestamped. The Merkle tree can be used to timestamp a package with a large number of content and therefore considerably rationalizes the proof generation process.

The proofs are automatically renewed before the digital certificate of the created timestamp expires or the deterioration of the degree of security of a hashing algorithm is foreseen.

When validity of certificate is limited, the Merkle tree is created. Through the hashing process, AIP hashes and timestamps that are about to expire are added. By timestamping the root hash of the Merkle tree, proof of existence of the AIP is created and validity of timestamps that are about to expire is renewed.

When security of the algorithm is limited, fresh hashes are calculated for each AIP and their proofs, for which the algorithm used wasgoed unreliable. Merged hashes are then added to the Merkle tree. The root hash is created from the hash tree and is timestamped. This process ensures reliability of the AIP and all the proofs associated.

The user can search the entities te the digital archive by metadata and the content by utter text (Utter text Index, FTS). The search can apply only to the selected classes or folders and its content (recursive).

One or more search queries that are separated with logical operators are used to conduct search by metadata. The search implement permits searching by initial string or an arbitrary substring of the searched value and is case insensitive. The user can also search by the title of content files. The utter text search is performed by the content te text format. Search results demonstrate content descriptions spil well. The user only sees content that meet the search criteria, security class of the content, user security class level and access rights (ACL). All other content remain hidden even if they meet search criteria.

The audit trail is a chronological record of accesses, events and switches made ter the IMiS/ARChive Server. The audit trail is downright immutable via its entire life cycle and it is protected against both authorized and unauthorized interventions.

Only users with suitable access rights can access the audit trail and it is clearly introduced. The user with adequate access rights can perform audit trail queries according to: event dates, IP-addresses, user names, pc names and list of encoded unique entity identifiers. The audit trail can be exported or it can be transferred to a different archival system together with the content.

Haul and Druppel is used for archiving emails. The user selects emails from the email client and transfers them to the suitable location ter the classification scheme ter the form of an EML opstopping. A fresh document ter the llamativo form with all metadata and attachments is created.

The archive server enables invoer, uitvoer and transfer of content te the form of a XML opstopping.

The user with adequate rights can uitvoer the entire classification scheme or only a certain part.

Together with the content, metadata are exported. The audit trail and extra metadata can be optionally exported spil well.

Mass capture (invoer) is most commonly used for adding large quantities of content to the digital archive. It is used when the content is scanned externally or ter case of migration of the content from other archive systems. Using adequate contraptions, the administrator classifies the content and metadata under the root class of the classification scheme or under the selected class or folder.

Transferring content includes: exporting content, importing of exported content to a different archive server, importing approval, saving report and deleting transferred content.

The invoer, uitvoer or transfer reports include information about their execution and potential errors. Reports of search results by audit trail and deleted content spil well spil the various statistics are also available. Only users with adequate user rights can view the reports.

Content can be printed using the default application. The classification scheme for the entire archive or only for the included classes or folders can be printed spil well. Additionally, printing of metadata, security settings and content features is available for the selected class, folder or document.

Integration of applications with the IMiS/ARChive Server is enabled through the IMiS/StorageConnector API.

When the IMIS/ARChive Server Version 9 is used, DMS, ERP, CRM, BPM or other application can perform the following operations: opening the archive, retrieval of public gegevens about the content, creating, opening, moving and deleting content, reading and switching content, archiving content, delivering information for the audit trail, searching the archive etc.

According to the integration areas required, the .Nipt and Java applications developers add methods to the adequate locations te the application.

What’s Fresh te Python Two

What’s Fresh te Python Two


A fresh release of Python, version Two.0, wasgoed released on October 16, 2000. This article covers the titillating fresh features te Two.0, highlights some other useful switches, and points out a few incompatible switches that may require rewriting code.

Python’s development never entirely stops inbetween releases, and a constant flow of bug fixes and improvements are always being submitted. A host of minor fixes, a few optimizations, extra docstrings, and better error messages went into Two.0, to list them all would be unlikely, but they’re certainly significant. Raadpleging the publicly-available CVS logs if you want to see the total list. This progress is due to the five developers working for PythonLabs are now getting paid to spend their days fixing bugs, and also due to the improved communication resulting from moving to SourceForge.

What About Python 1.6?

Python 1.6 can be thought of spil the Contractual Obligations Python release. After the core development team left CNRI te May 2000, CNRI requested that a 1.6 release be created, containing all the work on Python that had bot performed at CNRI. Python 1.6 therefore represents the state of the CVS tree spil of May 2000, with the most significant fresh feature being Unicode support. Development continued after May, of course, so the 1.6 tree received a few fixes to ensure that it’s forward-compatible with Python Two.0. 1.6 is therefore part of Python’s evolution, and not a side branch.

So, should you take much rente te Python 1.6? Very likely not. The 1.6final and Two.0beta1 releases were made on the same day (September Five, 2000), the project being to finalize Python Two.0 within a month or so. If you have applications to maintain, there seems little point ter cracking things by moving to 1.6, fixing them, and then having another round of breakage within a month by moving to Two.0, you’re better off just going straight to Two.0. Most of the truly interesting features described ter this document are only te Two.0, because a loterijlot of work wasgoed done inbetween May and September.

Fresh Development Process

The most significant switch ter Python Two.0 may not be to the code at all, but to how Python is developed: te May 2000 the Python developers began using the instruments made available by SourceForge for storing source code, tracking bug reports, and managing the queue of patch submissions. To report bugs or submit patches for Python Two.0, use the bug tracking and patch manager devices available from Python’s project pagina, located at http://sourceforge.televisiekanaal/projects/python/.

The most significant of the services now hosted at SourceForge is the Python CVS tree, the version-controlled repository containing the source code for Python. Previously, there were toughly 7 or so people who had write access to the CVS tree, and all patches had to be studied and checked ter by one of the people on this brief list. Obviously, this wasn’t very scalable. By moving the CVS tree to SourceForge, it became possible to grant write access to more people, spil of September 2000 there were 27 people able to check ter switches, a fourfold increase. This makes possible large-scale switches that wouldn’t be attempted if they’d have to be filtered through the petite group of core developers. For example, one day Peter Schneider-Kamp took it into his head to druppel K&R C compatibility and convert the C source for Python to ANSI C. After getting approval on the python-dev mailing list, he launched into a flurry of checkins that lasted about a week, other developers joined ter to help, and the job wasgoed done. If there were only Five people with write access, very likely that task would have bot viewed spil “nice, but not worth the time and effort needed” and it would never have gotten done.

The shift to using SourceForge’s services has resulted te a remarkable increase ter the speed of development. Patches now get submitted, commented on, revised by people other than the llamativo submitter, and bounced back and forward inbetween people until the patch is deemed worth checking te. Bugs are tracked ter one central location and can be assigned to a specific person for fixing, and wij can count the number of open bugs to measure progress. This didn’t come without a cost: developers now have more e-mail to overeenkomst with, more mailing lists to go after, and special contraptions had to be written for the fresh environment. For example, SourceForge sends default patch and bug notification e-mail messages that are totally unhelpful, so Ka-Ping Yee wrote an HTML screen-scraper that sends more useful messages.

The ease of adding code caused a few initial growing agonies, such spil code wasgoed checked te before it wasgoed ready or without getting clear agreement from the developer group. The approval process that has emerged is somewhat similar to that used by the Apache group. Developers can vote +1, +0, -0, or -1 on a patch, +1 and -1 denote acceptance or rejection, while +0 and -0 mean the developer is mostly indifferent to the switch, tho’ with a slight positive or negative slant. The most significant switch from the Apache specimen is that the voting is essentially advisory, letting Guido van Rossum, who has Benevolent Dictator For Life status, know what the normal opinion is. He can still overlook the result of a vote, and approve or reject a switch even if the community disagrees with him.

Producing an presente patch is the last step te adding a fresh feature, and is usually effortless compared to the earlier task of coming up with a good vormgeving. Discussions of fresh features can often explode into lengthy mailing list threads, making the discussion hard to go after, and no one can read every posting to python-dev. Therefore, a relatively formal process has bot set up to write Python Enhancement Proposals (PEPs), modelled on the Internet RFC process. PEPs are draft documents that describe a proposed fresh feature, and are continually revised until the community reaches a overeenstemming, either accepting or rejecting the proposal. Quoting from the introduction to PEP 1, “PEP Purpose and Guidelines”:

PEP stands for Python Enhancement Proposal. A PEP is a vormgeving document providing information to the Python community, or describing a fresh feature for Python. The PEP should provide a concise technical specification of the feature and a rationale for the feature.

Wij intend PEPs to be the primary mechanisms for proposing fresh features, for collecting community input on an punt, and for documenting the vormgeving decisions that have gone into Python. The PEP author is responsible for building overeenstemming within the community and documenting dissenting opinions.

Read the surplus of PEP 1 for the details of the PEP editorial process, style, and format. PEPs are kept ter the Python CVS tree on SourceForge, tho’ they’re not part of the Python Two.0 distribution, and are also available ter HTML form from Spil of September 2000, there are 25 PEPS, ranging from PEP 201, “Lockstep Iteration”, to PEP 225, “Elementwise/Objectwise Operators”.


The largest fresh feature ter Python Two.0 is a fresh fundamental gegevens type: Unicode strings. Unicode uses 16-bit numbers to represent characters instead of the 8-bit number used by ASCII, meaning that 65,536 distinct characters can be supported.

The final interface for Unicode support wasgoed arrived at through uncountable often- stormy discussions on the python-dev mailing list, and mostly implemented by Marc-André Lemburg, based on a Unicode string type implementation by Fredrik Lundh. A detailed explanation of the interface wasgoed written up spil PEP 100, “Python Unicode Integration”. This article will simply voorkant the most significant points about the Unicode interfaces.

Te Python source code, Unicode strings are written spil u&quot,string&quot, . Arbitrary Unicode characters can be written using a fresh escape sequence, \uHHHH , where HHHH is a 4-digit hexadecimal number from 0000 to FFFF. The existing \xHHHH escape sequence can also be used, and octal escapes can be used for characters up to U+01FF, which is represented by \777 .

Unicode strings, just like regular strings, are an immutable sequence type. They can be indexed and sliced, but not modified ter place. Unicode strings have an encode( [encoding] ) method that comes back an 8-bit string te the desired encoding. Encodings are named by strings, such spil ‘ascii’ , ‘utf-8’ , ‘iso-8859-1’ , or whatever. A codec API is defined for implementing and registering fresh encodings that are then available across a Python program. If an encoding isn’t specified, the default encoding is usually 7-bit ASCII, however it can be switched for your Python installation by calling the sys.setdefaultencoding(encoding)() function ter a customised version of .

Combining 8-bit and Unicode strings always coerces to Unicode, using the default ASCII encoding, the result of ‘a’ + u’bc’ is u’alfabet’ .

Fresh built-in functions have bot added, and existing built-ins modified to support Unicode:

  • unichr(ch) comebacks a Unicode string 1 character long, containing the character ch.
  • ord(u) , where u is a 1-character regular or Unicode string, comes back the number of the character spil an rechtschapen.
  • unicode(string [, encoding] [, errors] ) creates a Unicode string from an 8-bit string. encoding is a string naming the encoding to use. The errors parameter specifies the treatment of characters that are invalid for the current encoding, passing ‘rigorous’ spil the value causes an exception to be raised on any encoding error, while ‘disregard’ causes errors to be silently overlooked and ‘substitute’ uses U+FFFD, the official replacement character, te case of any problems.
  • The exec statement, and various built-ins such spil eval() , getattr() , and setattr() will also accept Unicode strings spil well spil regular strings. (It’s possible that the process of fixing this missed some built-ins, if you find a built-in function that accepts strings but doesn’t accept Unicode strings at all, please report it spil a bug.)

A fresh module, unicodedata , provides an interface to Unicode character properties. For example, unicodedata.category(u’A’) comes back the 2-character string ‘Lu’, the ‘L’ denoting it’s a letterteken, and ‘u’ meaning that it’s uppercase. unicodedata.bidirectional(u’\u0660′) comebacks ‘AN’, meaning that U+0660 is an Arabic number.

The codecs module contains functions to look up existing encodings and register fresh ones. Unless you want to implement a fresh encoding, you’ll most often use the codecs.lookup(encoding)() function, which comebacks a 4-element tuple: (encode_func, decode_func, stream_reader, stream_writer) .

  • encode_func is a function that takes a Unicode string, and comebacks a 2-tuple (string, length) . string is an 8-bit string containing a portion (perhaps all) of the Unicode string converted into the given encoding, and length tells you how much of the Unicode string wasgoed converted.
  • decode_func is the opposite of encode_func, taking an 8-bit string and returning a 2-tuple (ustring, length) , consisting of the resulting Unicode string ustring and the oprecht length telling how much of the 8-bit string wasgoed consumed.
  • stream_reader is a class that supports decoding input from a stream. stream_reader(file_obj) comebacks an object that supports the read() , readline(), and readlines() methods. Thesis methods will all translate from the given encoding and comeback Unicode strings.
  • stream_writer, similarly, is a class that supports encoding output to a stream. stream_writer(file_obj) comebacks an object that supports the write() and writelines() methods. Thesis methods expect Unicode strings, translating them to the given encoding on output.

For example, the following code writes a Unicode string into a opstopping, encoding it spil UTF-8:

The following code would then read UTF-8 input from the verkeersopstopping:

Unicode-aware regular expressions are available through the re module, which has a fresh underlying implementation called SRE written by Fredrik Lundh of Secret Labs AB.

A -U directive line option wasgoed added which causes the Python compiler to interpret all string literals spil Unicode string literals. This is intended to be used te testing and future-proofing your Python code, since some future version of Python may druppel support for 8-bit strings and provide only Unicode strings.

List Comprehensions

Lists are a workhorse gegevens type te Python, and many programs manipulate a list at some point. Two common operations on lists are to loop overheen them, and either pick out the elements that meet a certain criterion, or apply some function to each factor. For example, given a list of strings, you might want to pull out all the strings containing a given substring, or disrobe off trailing whitespace from each line.

The existing schrijfmap() and filterzakje() functions can be used for this purpose, but they require a function spil one of their arguments. This is fine if there’s an existing built-in function that can be passed directly, but if there isn’t, you have to create a little function to do the required work, and Python’s scoping rules make the result ugly if the little function needs extra information. Take the very first example te the previous paragraph, finding all the strings ter the list containing a given substring. You could write the following to do it:

Because of Python’s scoping rules, a default argument is used so that the anonymous function created by the lambda statement knows what substring is being searched for. List comprehensions make this cleaner:

List comprehensions have the form:

The for . te clauses contain the sequences to be iterated overheen. The sequences do not have to be the same length, because they are not iterated overheen te parallel, but from left to right, this is explained more clearly ter the following paragraphs. The elements of the generated list will be the successive values of expression. The final if clause is optional, if present, expression is only evaluated and added to the result if condition is true.

To make the semantics very clear, a list comprehension is omschrijving to the following Python code:

This means that when there are numerous for . ter clauses, the resulting list will be equal to the product of the lengths of all the sequences. If you have two lists of length Trio, the output list is 9 elements long:

To avoid introducing an ambiguity into Python’s grammar, if expression is creating a tuple, it vereiste be surrounded with parentheses. The very first list comprehension below is a syntax error, while the 2nd one is onberispelijk:

The idea of list comprehensions originally comes from the functional programming language Haskell ( Greg Ewing argued most effectively for adding them to Python and wrote the initial list comprehension patch, which wasgoed then discussed for a seemingly endless time on the python-dev mailing list and kept up-to-date by Skip Montanaro.

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Augmented Assignment

Augmented assignment operators, another long-requested feature, have bot added to Python Two.0. Augmented assignment operators include += , -= , *= , and so forward. For example, the statement a += Two increments the value of the variable a by Two, omschrijving to the slightly lengthier a = a + Two .

The total list of supported assignment operators is += , -= , *= , /= , %= , **= , &= , |= , ^= , &gt,&gt,= , and &lt,&lt,= . Python classes can override the augmented assignment operators by defining methods named __iadd__() , __isub__() , etc. For example, the following Number class stores a number and supports using += to create a fresh example with an incremented value.

The __iadd__() special method is called with the value of the increment, and should comeback a fresh example with an appropriately modified value, this come back value is tied spil the fresh value of the variable on the left-hand side.

Augmented assignment operators were very first introduced ter the C programming language, and most C-derived languages, such spil awk, C++, Java, Perl, and PHP also support them. The augmented assignment patch wasgoed implemented by Thomas Wouters.

String Methods

Until now string-manipulation functionality wasgoed te the string module, which wasgoed usually a front-end for the strop module written ter C. The addition of Unicode posed a difficulty for the strop module, because the functions would all need to be rewritten ter order to accept either 8-bit or Unicode strings. For functions such spil string.substitute() , which takes Three string arguments, that means eight possible permutations, and correspondingly complicated code.

Instead, Python Two.0 thrusts the problem onto the string type, making string manipulation functionality available through methods on both 8-bit strings and Unicode strings.

One thing that hasn’t switched, a noteworthy April Fools’ joke notwithstanding, is that Python strings are immutable. Thus, the string methods comeback fresh strings, and do not modify the string on which they operate.

The old string module is still around for rearwards compatibility, but it mostly acts spil a front-end to the fresh string methods.

Two methods which have no parallel ter pre-2.0 versions, albeit they did exist te JPython for fairly some time, are startswith() and endswith() . s.startswith(t) is omschrijving to s[:len(t)] == t , while s.endswith(t) is omschrijving to s[-len(t):] == t .

One other method which is worth special mention is join() . The join() method of a string receives one parameter, a sequence of strings, and is omschrijving to the string.join() function from the old string module, with the arguments reversed. Te other words, s.join(seq) is omschrijving to the old string.join(seq, s) .

Garbage Collection of Cycles

The C implementation of Python uses reference counting to implement garbage collection. Every Python object maintains a count of the number of references pointing to itself, and adjusts the count spil references are created or ruined. Merienda the reference count reaches zero, the object is no longer accessible, since you need to have a reference to an object to access it, and if the count is zero, no references exist any longer.

Reference counting has some pleasant properties: it’s effortless to understand and implement, and the resulting implementation is portable, fairly quick, and reacts well with other libraries that implement their own memory treating schemes. The major problem with reference counting is that it sometimes doesn’t realise that objects are no longer accessible, resulting ter a memory leak. This happens when there are cycles of references.

Consider the simplest possible cycle, a class example which has a reference to itself:

After the above two lines of code have bot executed, the reference count of example is Two, one reference is from the variable named ‘example’ , and the other is from the myself attribute of the example.

If the next line of code is del example , what happens? The reference count of example is decreased by 1, so it has a reference count of 1, the reference ter the myself attribute still exists. Yet the example is no longer accessible through Python code, and it could be deleted. Several objects can participate te a cycle if they have references to each other, causing all of the objects to be leaked.

Python Two.0 fixes this problem by periodically executing a cycle detection algorithm which looks for inaccessible cycles and deletes the objects involved. A fresh gc module provides functions to perform a garbage collection, obtain debugging statistics, and tuning the collector’s parameters.

Running the cycle detection algorithm takes some time, and therefore will result te some extra overhead. It is hoped that after wij’ve gotten practice with the cycle collection from using Two.0, Python Two.1 will be able to minimize the overhead with careful tuning. It’s not yet evident how much voorstelling is lost, because benchmarking this is tricky and depends crucially on how often the program creates and ruins objects. The detection of cycles can be disabled when Python is compiled, if you can’t afford even a little speed penalty or suspect that the cycle collection is buggy, by specifying the –without-cycle-gc switch when running the configure script.

Several people tackled this problem and contributed to a solution. An early implementation of the cycle detection treatment wasgoed written by Toby Kelsey. The current algorithm wasgoed suggested by Eric Tiedemann during a visit to CNRI, and Guido van Rossum and Neil Schemenauer wrote two different implementations, which were straks integrated by Neil. Lots of other people suggested suggestions along the way, the March 2000 archives of the python-dev mailing list contain most of the relevant discussion, especially ter the threads titled “Reference cycle collection for Python” and “Finalization again”.

Other Core Switches

Various minor switches have bot made to Python’s syntax and built-in functions. None of the switches are very far-reaching, but they’re handy conveniences.

Minor Language Switches

A fresh syntax makes it more convenient to call a given function with a tuple of arguments and/or a dictionary of keyword arguments. Te Python 1.Five and earlier, you’d use the apply() built-in function: apply(f, args, kw) calls the function f() with the argument tuple args and the keyword arguments ter the dictionary kw. apply() is the same ter Two.0, but thanks to a patch from Greg Ewing, f(*args, **kw) spil a shorter and clearer way to achieve the same effect. This syntax is symmetrical with the syntax for defining functions:

The print statement can now have its output directed to a file-like object by following the print with &gt,&gt, opstopping , similar to the redirection technicus ter Unix shells. Previously you’d either have to use the write() method of the file-like object, which lacks the convenience and simpleness of print , or you could assign a fresh value to sys.stdout and then restore the old value. For sending output to standard error, it’s much lighter to write this:

Modules can now be renamed on importing them, using the syntax invoer module spil name or from module invoer name spil othername . The patch wasgoed submitted by Thomas Wouters.

A fresh format style is available when using the % technicus, ‘%r’ will insert the repr() of its argument. This wasgoed also added from symmetry considerations, this time for symmetry with the existing ‘%s’ format style, which inserts the str() of its argument. For example, ‘%r %s’ % (‘alfabet’, ‘alfabet’) comes back a string containing ‘alfabet’ alfabet .

Previously there wasgoed no way to implement a class that overrode Python’s built-in ter technicus and implemented a custom-built version. obj te seq comebacks true if obj is present te the sequence seq, Python computes this by simply attempting every index of the sequence until either obj is found or an IndexError is encountered. Moshe Zadka contributed a patch which adds a __contains__() magic method for providing a custom-made implementation for te . Additionally, fresh built-in objects written ter C can define what te means for them via a fresh slot te the sequence protocol.

Earlier versions of Python used a recursive algorithm for deleting objects. Deeply nested gegevens structures could cause the interpreter to pack up the C stack and crash, Christian Tismer rewrote the deletion logic to fix this problem. On a related note, comparing recursive objects recursed infinitely and crashed, Jeremy Hylton rewrote the code to no longer crash, producing a useful result instead. For example, after this code:

The comparison a==b comebacks true, because the two recursive gegevens structures are isomorphic. See the thread “trashcan and PR#7” te the April 2000 archives of the python-dev mailing list for the discussion leading up to this implementation, and some useful relevant linksaf. Note that comparisons can now also raise exceptions. Te earlier versions of Python, a comparison operation such spil cmp(a,b) would always produce an response, even if a user-defined __cmp__() method encountered an error, since the resulting exception would simply be silently gulped.

Work has bot done on porting Python to 64-bit Windows on the Itanium processor, mostly by Trent Mick of ActiveState. (Confusingly, sys.toneelpodium is still ‘win32’ on Win64 because it seems that for ease of porting, MS Visual C++ treats code spil 32 bit on Itanium.) PythonWin also supports Windows CE, see the Python CE pagina at http://pythonce.sourceforge.netwerk/ for more information.

Another fresh podium is Darwin/MacOS X, initial support for it is te Python Two.0. Dynamic loading works, if you specify “configure -with-dyld -with-suffix=.x”. Raadpleging the README ter the Python source distribution for more instructions.

An attempt has bot made to alleviate one of Python’s warts, the often-confusing NameError exception when code refers to a específico variable before the variable has bot assigned a value. For example, the following code raises an exception on the print statement te both 1.Five.Two and Two.0, ter 1.Five.Two a NameError exception is raised, while Two.0 raises a fresh UnboundLocalError exception. UnboundLocalError is a subclass of NameError , so any existing code that expects NameError to be raised should still work.


Two fresh exceptions, TabError and IndentationError , have bot introduced. They’re both subclasses of SyntaxError , and are raised when Python code is found to be improperly indented.

Switches to Built-in Functions

A fresh built-in, zip(seq1, seq2, . )() , has bot added. zip() comebacks a list of tuples where each tuple contains the i-th factor from each of the argument sequences. The difference inbetween zip() and ordner(None, seq1, seq2) is that ordner() pads the sequences with None if the sequences aren’t all of the same length, while zip() truncates the returned list to the length of the shortest argument sequence.

The int() and long() functions now accept an optional “base” parameter when the very first argument is a string. int(‘123’, Ten) comes back 123, while int(‘123’, 16) comes back 291. int(123, 16) raises a TypeError exception with the message “can’t convert non-string with explicit base”.

A fresh variable holding more detailed version information has bot added to the sys module. sys.version_info is a tuple (major, minor, micro, level, serial) For example, te a hypothetical Two.0.1beta1, sys.version_info would be (Two, 0, 1, ‘beta’, 1) . level is a string such spil &quot,alpha&quot, , &quot,beta&quot, , or &quot,final&quot, for a final release.

Dictionaries have an odd fresh method, setdefault(key, default)() , which behaves similarly to the existing get() method. However, if the key is missing, setdefault() both comebacks the value of default spil get() would do, and also inserts it into the dictionary spil the value for key. Thus, the following lines of code:

can be diminished to a single come back dict.setdefault(key, []) statement.

The interpreter sets a maximum recursion depth te order to catch runaway recursion before packing the C stack and causing a core dump or GPF.. Previously this limit wasgoed immobilized when you compiled Python, but ter Two.0 the maximum recursion depth can be read and modified using sys.getrecursionlimit() and sys.setrecursionlimit() . The default value is 1000, and a rough maximum value for a given verhoging can be found by running a fresh script, Misc/ .

Porting to Two.0

Fresh Python releases attempt hard to be compatible with previous releases, and the record has bot pretty good. However, some switches are considered useful enough, usually because they fix initial vormgeving decisions that turned out to be actively mistaken, that cracking backward compatibility can’t always be avoided. This section lists the switches te Python Two.0 that may cause old Python code to pauze.

The switch which will most likely pauze the most code is tightening up the arguments accepted by some methods. Some methods would take numerous arguments and treat them spil a tuple, particularly various list methods such spil append() and insert() . Ter earlier versions of Python, if L is a list, L.append( 1,Two ) appends the tuple (1,Two) to the list. Ter Python Two.0 this causes a TypeError exception to be raised, with the message: ‘append requires exactly 1 argument, Two given’. The fix is to simply add an reserve set of parentheses to pass both values spil a tuple: L.append( (1,Two) ) .

The earlier versions of thesis methods were more forgiving because they used an old function te Python’s C interface to parse their arguments, Two.0 modernizes them to use PyArg_ParseTuple() , the current argument parsing function, which provides more helpful error messages and treats multi-argument calls spil errors. If you absolutely voorwaarde use Two.0 but can’t fix your code, you can edit Objects/listobject.c and define the preprocessor symbol NO_STRICT_LIST_APPEND to preserve the old behaviour, this isn’t recommended.

Some of the functions te the socket module are still forgiving te this way. For example, socket.connect( (‘hostname’, 25) )() is the juist form, passing a tuple indicating an IP address, but socket.connect( ‘hostname’, 25 )() also works. socket.connect_ex() and socket.tie() are similarly easy-going. Two.0alpha1 tightened thesis functions up, but because the documentation actually used the erroneous numerous argument form, many people wrote code which would pauze with the stricter checking. GvR backed out the switches te the face of public reaction, so for the socket module, the documentation wasgoed immovable and the numerous argument form is simply marked spil deprecated, it will be tightened up again te a future Python version.

The \x escape te string literals now takes exactly Two hex digits. Previously it would consume all the hex digits following the ‘x’ and take the lowest 8 onaardig of the result, so \x123456 wasgoed omschrijving to \x56 .

The AttributeError and NameError exceptions have a more friendly error message, whose text will be something like ‘Spam’ example has no attribute ‘eggs’ or name ‘eggs’ is not defined . Previously the error message wasgoed just the missing attribute name eggs , and code written to take advantage of this fact will pauze te Two.0.

Some work has bot done to make integers and long integers a bit more interchangeable. Ter 1.Five.Two, large-file support wasgoed added for Solaris, to permit reading files larger than Two GiB, this made the tell() method of verkeersopstopping objects comeback a long oprecht instead of a regular rechtschapen. Some code would subtract two verkeersopstopping offsets and attempt to use the result to multiply a sequence or slice a string, but this raised a TypeError . Ter Two.0, long integers can be used to multiply or slice a sequence, and it’ll behave spil you’d intuitively expect it to, 3L * ‘alfabet’ produces ‘abcabcabc’, and (0,1,Two,Three)[2L:4L] produces (Two,Trio). Long integers can also be used te various contexts where previously only integers were accepted, such spil ter the seek() method of opstopping objects, and te the formats supported by the % technicus ( %d , %i , %x , etc.). For example, &quot,%d&quot, % 2L**64 will produce the string 18446744073709551616 .

The subtlest long rechtschapen switch of all is that the str() of a long rechtschapen no longer has a trailing ‘L’ character, however repr() still includes it. The ‘L’ annoyed many people who desired to print long integers that looked just like regular integers, since they had to go out of their way to chop off the character. This is no longer a problem ter Two.0, but code which does str(longval)[:-1] and assumes the ‘L’ is there, will now lose the final digit.

Taking the repr() of a float now uses a different formatting precision than str() . repr() uses %.17g format string for C’s sprintf() , while str() uses %.12g spil before. The effect is that repr() may from time to time vertoning more parte places than str() , for certain numbers. For example, the number 8.1 can’t be represented exactly ter binary, so repr(8.1) is ‘8.0999999999999996’ , while str(8.1) is ‘8.1’ .

The -X command-line option, which turned all standard exceptions into strings instead of classes, has bot eliminated, the standard exceptions will now always be classes. The exceptions module containing the standard exceptions wasgoed translated from Python to a built-in C module, written by Barry Warsaw and Fredrik Lundh.

Extending/Embedding Switches

Some of the switches are under the covers, and will only be apparent to people writing C extension modules or embedding a Python interpreter ter a larger application. If you aren’t dealing with Python’s C API, you can securely skip this section.

The version number of the Python C API wasgoed incremented, so C extensions compiled for 1.Five.Two voorwaarde be recompiled te order to work with Two.0. On Windows, it’s not possible for Python Two.0 to invoer a third party extension built for Python 1.Five.x due to how Windows DLLs work, so Python will raise an exception and the invoer will fail.

Users of Jim Fulton’s ExtensionClass module will be pleased to find out that hooks have bot added so that ExtensionClasses are now supported by isinstance() and issubclass() . This means you no longer have to recall to write code such spil if type(obj) == myExtensionClass , but can use the more natural if isinstance(obj, myExtensionClass) .

The Python/importdl.c opstopping, which wasgoed a mass of #ifdefs to support dynamic loading on many different platforms, wasgoed cleaned up and reorganised by Greg Stein. importdl.c is now fairly puny, and platform-specific code has bot moved into a bunch of Python/dynload_*.c files. Another cleanup: there were also a number of my*.h files te the Include/ directory that held various portability hacks, they’ve bot merged into a single opstopping, Include/pyport.h .

Vladimir Marangozov’s long-awaited malloc restructuring wasgoed finished, to make it effortless to have the Python interpreter use a custom-built allocator instead of C’s standard malloc() . For documentation, read the comments te Include/pymem.h and Include/objimpl.h . For the lengthy discussions during which the interface wasgoed hammered out, see the Web archives of the ‘patches’ and ‘python-dev’ lists at

Latest versions of the GUSI development environment for MacOS support POSIX threads. Therefore, Python’s POSIX threading support now works on the Macintosh. Threading support using the user-space GNU pth library wasgoed also contributed.

Threading support on Windows wasgoed enhanced, too. Windows supports thread locks that use kernel objects only te case of contention, te the common case when there’s no contention, they use simpler functions which are an order of magnitude quicker. A threaded version of Python 1.Five.Two on NT is twice spil slow spil an unthreaded version, with the Two.0 switches, the difference is only 10%. Thesis improvements were contributed by Yakov Markovitch.

Python Two.0’s source now uses only ANSI C prototypes, so compiling Python now requires an ANSI C compiler, and can no longer be done using a compiler that only supports K&R C.

Previously the Python posible machine used 16-bit numbers te its bytecode, limiting the size of source files. Te particular, this affected the maximum size of fiel lists and dictionaries te Python source, periodically people who are generating Python code would run into this limit. A patch by Charles G. Waldman raises the limit from 2^16 to 2^ .

Three fresh convenience functions intended for adding constants to a module’s dictionary at module initialization time were added: PyModule_AddObject() , PyModule_AddIntConstant() , and PyModule_AddStringConstant() . Each of thesis functions takes a module object, a null-terminated C string containing the name to be added, and a third argument for the value to be assigned to the name. This third argument is, respectively, a Python object, a C long, or a C string.

A wrapper API wasgoed added for Unix-style signal handlers. PyOS_getsig() gets a signal handler and PyOS_setsig() will set a fresh handler.

Distutils: Making Modules Effortless to Install

Before Python Two.0, installing modules wasgoed a tedious affair – there wasgoed no way to figure out automatically where Python is installed, or what compiler options to use for extension modules. Software authors had to go through an arduous ritual of editing Makefiles and configuration files, which only truly work on Unix and leave Windows and MacOS unsupported. Python users faced frantically differing installation instructions which varied inbetween different extension packages, which made administering a Python installation something of a chore.

The SIG for distribution utilities, shepherded by Greg Ward, has created the Distutils, a system to make package installation much lighter. They form the distutils package, a fresh part of Python’s standard library. Te the best case, installing a Python module from source will require the same steps: very first you simply mean unpack the tarball or zip archive, and the run “ python install ”. The verhoging will be automatically detected, the compiler will be recognized, C extension modules will be compiled, and the distribution installed into the zindelijk directory. Optional command-line arguments provide more control overheen the installation process, the distutils package offers many places to override defaults – separating the build from the install, building or installing te non-default directories, and more.

Ter order to use the Distutils, you need to write a script. For the elementary case, when the software contains only .py files, a minimal can be just a few lines long:

The opstopping isn’t much more complicated if the software consists of a few packages:

A C extension can be the most complicated case, here’s an example taken from the PyXML package:

The Distutils can also take care of creating source and binary distributions. The “sdist” directive, run by “ python sdist ‘, builds a source distribution such spil foo-1.0.tar.gz . Adding fresh directives isn’t difficult, “bdist_rpm” and “bdist_wininst” instructions have already bot contributed to create an RPM distribution and a Windows installer for the software, respectively. Directives to create other distribution formats such spil Debian packages and Solaris .pkg files are te various stages of development.

All this is documented ter a fresh manual, Distributing Python Modules, that joins the basic set of Python documentation.

XML Modules

Python 1.Five.Two included a ordinary XML parser te the form of the xmllib module, contributed by Sjoerd Mullender. Since 1.Five.Two’s release, two different interfaces for processing XML have become common: SAX2 (version Two of the Elementary API for XML) provides an event-driven interface with some similarities to xmllib , and the Onverstandig (Document Object Specimen) provides a tree-based interface, converting an XML document into a tree of knots that can be traversed and modified. Python Two.0 includes a SAX2 interface and a stripped- down Onverstandig interface spil part of the xml package. Here wij will give a geschreven overview of thesis fresh interfaces, consultatie the Python documentation or the source code for accomplish details. The Python XML SIG is also working on improved documentation.

SAX2 Support

SAX defines an event-driven interface for parsing XML. To use SAX, you voorwaarde write a SAX handler class. Handler classes inherit from various classes provided by SAX, and override various methods that will then be called by the XML parser. For example, the startElement() and endElement() methods are called for every embarking and end tag encountered by the parser, the characters() method is called for every chunk of character gegevens, and so forward.

The advantage of the event-driven treatment is that the entire document doesn’t have to be resident ter memory at any one time, which matters if you are processing truly yam-sized documents. However, writing the SAX handler class can get very complicated if you’re attempting to modify the document structure te some elaborate way.

For example, this little example program defines a handler that prints a message for every commencing and ending tag, and then parses the verkeersopstopping hamlet.xml using it:

For more information, raadpleging the Python documentation, or the XML HOWTO at http://pyxml.sourceforge.nipt/topics/howto/xml-howto.html.

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Onverstandig Support

The Document Object Specimen is a tree-based representation for an XML document. A top-level Document example is the root of the tree, and has a single child which is the top-level Factor example. This Factor has children knots signifying character gegevens and any sub-elements, which may have further children of their own, and so forward. Using the Onverstandig you can traverse the resulting tree any way you like, access factor and attribute values, insert and delete knots, and convert the tree back into XML.

The Onverstandig is useful for modifying XML documents, because you can create a Onverstandig tree, modify it by adding fresh knots or rearranging subtrees, and then produce a fresh XML document spil output. You can also construct a Onverstandig tree by hand and convert it to XML, which can be a more supple way of producing XML output than simply writing &lt,tag1&gt, . &lt,/tag1&gt, to a verkeersopstopping.

The Onverstandig implementation included with Python lives te the xml.onverstandig.minidom module. It’s a lightweight implementation of the Level 1 Onverstandig with support for XML namespaces. The parse() and parseString() convenience functions are provided for generating a Onverstandig tree:

doc is a Document example. Document , like all the other Onverstandig classes such spil Factor and Text , is a subclass of the Knot saco class. All the knots ter a Onverstandig tree therefore support certain common methods, such spil toxml() which comebacks a string containing the XML representation of the knot and its children. Each class also has special methods of its own, for example, Factor and Document instances have a method to find all child elements with a given tag name. Continuing from the previous 2-line example:

For the Hamlet XML verkeersopstopping, the above few lines output:

The root factor of the document is available spil doc.documentElement , and its children can be lightly modified by deleting, adding, or removing knots:

Again, I will refer you to the Python documentation for a finish listing of the different Knot classes and their various methods.

Relationship to PyXML

The XML Special Rente Group has bot working on XML-related Python code for a while. Its code distribution, called PyXML, is available from the SIG’s Web pages at The PyXML distribution also used the package name xml . If you’ve written programs that used PyXML, you’re very likely wondering about its compatibility with the Two.0 xml package.

The reaction is that Python Two.0’s xml package isn’t compatible with PyXML, but can be made compatible by installing a latest version PyXML. Many applications can get by with the XML support that is included with Python Two.0, but more complicated applications will require that the total PyXML package will be installed. When installed, PyXML versions 0.6.0 or greater will substitute the xml package shipped with Python, and will be a stringent superset of the standard package, adding a bunch of extra features. Some of the extra features te PyXML include:

  • 4DOM, a utter Onverstandig implementation from FourThought, Inc.
  • The xmlproc validating parser, written by Lars Marius Garshol.
  • The sgmlop parser accelerator module, written by Fredrik Lundh.

Module switches

Brian Gallew contributed OpenSSL support for the socket module. OpenSSL is an implementation of the Secure Socket Layer, which encrypts the gegevens being sent overheen a socket. When compiling Python, you can edit Modules/Setup to include SSL support, which adds an extra function to the socket module: socket.ssl(socket, keyfile, certfile)() , which takes a socket object and comebacks an SSL socket. The httplib and urllib modules were also switched to support https:// URLs, tho’ no one has implemented FTP or SMTP overheen SSL.

The httplib module has bot rewritten by Greg Stein to support HTTP/1.1. Backward compatibility with the 1.Five version of httplib is provided, however using HTTP/1.1 features such spil pipelining will require rewriting code to use a different set of interfaces.

The Tkinter module now supports Tcl/Tk version 8.1, 8.Two, or 8.Trio, and support for the older 7.x versions has bot dropped. The Tkinter module now supports displaying Unicode strings ter Tk widgets. Also, Fredrik Lundh contributed an optimization which makes operations like create_line and create_polygon much swifter, especially when using lots of coordinates.

The curses module has bot greatly extended, embarking from Oliver Andrich’s enhanced version, to provide many extra functions from ncurses and SYSV curses, such spil colour, alternative character set support, pads, and mouse support. This means the module is no longer compatible with operating systems that only have BSD curses, but there don’t seem to be any presently maintained OSes that fall into this category.

Spil mentioned ter the earlier discussion of Two.0’s Unicode support, the underlying implementation of the regular expressions provided by the re module has bot switched. SRE, a fresh regular expression engine written by Fredrik Lundh and partially funded by Hewlett Packard, supports matching against both 8-bit strings and Unicode strings.

Fresh modules

A number of fresh modules were added. Wij’ll simply list them with schrijven descriptions, consultatie the Two.0 documentation for the details of a particular module.

  • atexit: For registering functions to be called before the Python interpreter exits. Code that presently sets sys.exitfunc directly should be switched to use the atexit module instead, importing atexit and calling atexit.register() with the function to be called on uitgang. (Contributed by Skip Montanaro.)
  • codecs, encodings , unicodedata: Added spil part of the fresh Unicode support.
  • filecmp: Supersedes the old cmp, cmpcache and dircmp modules, which have now become deprecated. (Contributed by Gordon MacMillan and Moshe Zadka.)
  • gettext: This module provides internationalization (I18N) and localization (L10N) support for Python programs by providing an interface to the GNU gettext message catalog library. (Integrated by Barry Warsaw, from separate contributions by Martin von Löwis, Peter Funk, and James Henstridge.)
  • linuxaudiodev : Support for the /dev/audio device on Linux, a twin to the existing sunaudiodev module. (Contributed by Peter Bosch, with fixes by Jeremy Hylton.)
  • mmap: An interface to memory-mapped files on both Windows and Unix. A opstopping’s contents can be mapped directly into memory, at which point it behaves like a mutable string, so its contents can be read and modified. They can even be passed to functions that expect ordinary strings, such spil the re module. (Contributed by Sam Rushing, with some extensions by A.M. Kuchling.)
  • pyexpat : An interface to the Expat XML parser. (Contributed by Paul Prescod.)
  • robotparser: Parse a robots.txt verkeersopstopping, which is used for writing Web spiders that politely avoid certain areas of a Web webpagina. The parser accepts the contents of a robots.txt verkeersopstopping, builds a set of rules from it, and can then response questions about the fetchability of a given URL. (Contributed by Skip Montanaro.)
  • tabnanny: A module/script to check Python source code for ambiguous indentation. (Contributed by Tim Peters.)
  • UserString: A cojín class useful for deriving objects that behave like strings.
  • webbrowser: A module that provides a verhoging independent way to launch a web browser on a specific URL. For each toneel, various browsers are attempted ter a specific order. The user can alter which browser is launched by setting the BROWSER environment variable. (Originally inspired by Eric S. Raymond’s patch to urllib which added similar functionality, but the final module comes from code originally implemented by Fred Drake spil Instruments/idle/ , and adapted for the standard library by Fred.)
  • _winreg: An interface to the Windows registry. _winreg is an adaptation of functions that have bot part of PythonWin since 1995, but has now bot added to the core distribution, and enhanced to support Unicode. _winreg wasgoed written by Bill Tutt and Mark Hammond.
  • zipfile: A module for reading and writing ZIP-format archives. Thesis are archives produced by PKZIP on DOS/Windows or zip on Unix, not to be confused with gzip-format files (which are supported by the gzip module) (Contributed by James C. Ahlstrom.)
  • imputil: A module that provides a simpler way for writing customised invoer hooks, ter comparison to the existing ihooks module. (Implemented by Greg Stein, with much discussion on python-dev along the way.)

IDLE Improvements

IDLE is the official Python cross-platform IDE, written using Tkinter. Python Two.0 includes IDLE 0.6, which adds a number of fresh features and improvements. A partial list:

  • UI improvements and optimizations, especially ter the area of syntax highlighting and auto-indentation.
  • The class browser now shows more information, such spil the top level functions te a module.
  • Tabulator width is now a user settable option. When opening an existing Python opstopping, IDLE automatically detects the indentation conventions, and adapts.
  • There is now support for calling browsers on various platforms, used to open the Python documentation ter a browser.
  • IDLE now has a instruction line, which is largely similar to the vanilla Python interpreter.
  • Call tips were added te many places.
  • IDLE can now be installed spil a package.
  • Te the editor window, there is now a line/katern brochure at the bottom.
  • Three fresh keystroke guidelines: Check module (Alt-F5), Invoer module (F5) and Run script (Ctrl-F5).

Deleted and Deprecated Modules

A few modules have bot dropped because they’re obsolete, or because there are now better ways to do the same thing. The stdwin module is gone, it wasgoed for a platform-independent windowing toolkit that’s no longer developed.

A number of modules have bot moved to the lib-old subdirectory: cmp , cmpcache , dircmp , dump , find , grep , packmail , poly , util , whatsound , zmod . If you have code which relies on a module that’s bot moved to lib-old , you can simply add that directory to sys.path to get them back, but you’re encouraged to update any code that uses thesis modules.


The authors would like to thank the following people for suggesting suggestions on various drafts of this article: David Bolen, Mark Hammond, Gregg Hauser, Jeremy Hylton, Fredrik Lundh, Detlef Lannert, Aahz Maruch, Skip Montanaro, Vladimir Marangozov, Tobias Polzin, Guido van Rossum, Neil Schemenauer, and Russ Schmidt.

Music Photography Workshop at Jazz Cerkno 2018 – Ziga Koritnik

Music Photography Workshop at Jazz Cerkno 2018 – Ziga Koritnik

delavnica glasbene fotografije

prizorisce Jazz Cerkno festivala / 040 723 728.

Prispevek: 220 V Cerkno se tudi letos vraca zdaj zij tradicionalna fotografska delavnica, na kateri Ziga Koritnik, s svojimi dolgoletnimi izkusnjami, omejenemu stevilu udelezencev odpre oci te jih vpelje v svet glasbene fotografije. Seznani jih s pravili obnasanja pred te za odrom, predstavi jim odnos do glasbenikov, organizatorjev te publike. Seznani jih s tehnicnimi zahtevami, med tisocimi posnetki jih nauci najti pravega, pokaze jim obdelavo ter spreminjanje barvnih fotografij v crno-bele. Predstavi jim svoja najboljsa dela ter sproti pove, kako so nastala. Razlozi jim uporabno vrednost fotografij do objav v casopisih, revijah, publikacijah. Odkrije jim potek priprave razstave od zacetka do konca. Udelezencem pomaga razumeti, kaj vse lahko naredijo s fotoaparatom, te jih nauci kreativnega ter samostojnega razmisljanja o fotografskem poslanstvu.V sodelovanju z drustvom PEGA.––-

music photography workshop

Tutor: Ziga Koritnik

May 17 – Nineteen 2018

Jazz Cerkno festival / 040 723 728

No. of participants: Five

The experienced photographer Ziga Koritnik is going to widen the views of a limited number of participants, ushering them into the world of music photography. They will be advised how to behave te gevelbreedte of and behind the stage, and how to communicate with the musicians, organisers and the audience. Ziga will give instructions te technical requirements and advise how to choose the best photo out of a thousand shots. He will also explain how to edit photos and convert them from colour to black-and-white. He will vertoning his best photos and explain how they got to be. He explains to the participants the value of photographs through publishing them ter newspapers, magazines, publications. He exposes the course of preparing the exhibition from beginning to end. He will raise the participants awareness of what can be done with a camera and train them to think creatively and independently about their photographic calling.

Speaking of Bitcoin – Resouces and Guidance

Speaking of Bitcoin – Resouces and Guidance

Wij would like to thank you for coming to BITCOIN ter your search for “Install Thedao Knot Ubuntu” online. Since one of the oldest forms of earning money is ter contant lending, it is a fact that you could do this with cryptocurrency. Most of the providing sites presently concentrate on Bitcoin, some of those sites you are needed pack te a captcha after a specific time framework and are rewarded with a bit of coins for eyeing them. It is possible to visit the webstek to find some lists of of thesis sites to tapkast into the currency of your choice. Unlike forex, stocks and options, etc., altcoin markets have very different dynamics. Fresh ones are always popping up which means they do not have a loterijlot of market gegevens and historical view for you to backtest against. Most altcoins have somewhat inferior liquidity spil well and it is hard to come up with a fair investment strategy. Bitcoin is the main cryptocurrency of the internet: a digital money standard by which all other coins are compared to. Cryptocurrencies are distributed, completo, and decentralized. Unlike traditional fiat currencies, there’s no authorities, banks, or another regulatory agencies. Spil such, it’s more immune to crazy inflation and tainted banks. The advantages of using cryptocurrencies spil your method of transacting money online outweigh the protection and privacy risks. Security and seclusion can readily be achieved by simply being wise, and following some basic guidelines. You wouldn’t set your entire bankgebouw ledger online for the word to see, but my nature, your cryptocurrency ledger is publicized. This can be secured by removing any identity of ownership te the wallets and thus keeping you anonymous. Cryptocurrency is freeing individuals to transact money and do business on their terms. Each user can send and receive payments ter the same way, but ter addition they take part ter more elaborate wise contracts. Numerous signatures permit a trade to be supported by the network, but where a specific number of a defined group of people consent to sign the overeenkomst, blockchain technology makes this possible. This enables progressive dispute arbitration services to be developed ter the future. Thesis services could permit a third party to approve or reject a trade te the event of disagreement inbetween the other parties without checking their money. Unlike metselspecie and other payment methods, the blockchain always leaves public evidence a transaction happened. This can be possibly used within an appeal against businesses with deceptive practices. Just a fraction of bitcoins issued so far are available on the exchange markets. Bitcoin markets are competitive, which means the cost a bitcoin will rise or fall depending on supply and request. Lots of people hoard them for long term savings and investment. This thresholds the amount of bitcoins that are actually circulating te the exchanges. Additionally, fresh bitcoins will proceed to be issued for decades to come. Therefore, even the most diligent buyer couldn’t purchase all present bitcoins. This script is just not to suggest that markets aren’t indefenso to price manipulation, yet there is certainly no need for large amounts of money to stir market prices up or down. The smallest occasions on the planet market can affect the cost of Bitcoin, This can make Bitcoin and any other cryptocurrency explosive. This mining act validates and records the trades across the entire network. So if you’re attempting to do something prohibited, it is not a good idea because everything is recorded te the public register for the remainder of the world to see forever.

Install Thedao Knot Ubuntu: Ethereum – The Optimal Cryptocurrency

You may run a search on the web. Very first learn, then models, indicators and most importantly practice looking at old charts and pick out trends. When you learn to keep a trading diary screenshots and your comment/forecast. Precisely what is the best way to get certain with charts IMHO. Oh certainly, and don’t loser yourself into thinking that you get the uptrend will never decrease! Always will go down! You will detect that incremental increases are more reliable and profitable (most times) Entrepreneurs ter the cryptocurrency movement may be wise to investigate possibilities for making enormous ammonts of metselspecie with various forms of online marketing.There could be a rich prize for anyone daring enough to plucky the cryptocurrency marketplaces.Bitcoin structure provides an instructive example of how one might make lots of money ter the cryptocurrency marketplaces. Bitcoin is an incredible intellectual and technical achievement, and it’s generated an avalanche of editorial coverage and venture hacienda investment opportunities. But very few people understand that and miss out on finta successful business models made accessible due to the growing use of blockchain technology. Blockchains are capable of pulling out several fresh programs. There are many advantages connected with using Blockchains. Some of the advantages include enlargened It’s certainly possible, but it voorwaarde have the capability to comprehend opportunities regardless of marketplace conduct. The market moves ter relation to price BTC … So even supposing it’s te a BTC tendency down can make money by purchasing the altcoins which are altcoin oversold trading ratios-BTC. Sure, your purchasing power ter DOLLARS may be lower, but spil long spil your purchasing power ter BTC is still growing you will be fine. It should be challenging to get more petite increases (

10%) via the day. Probe how to read thesis Candlestick charts! And I found thesis two rules to be true: having modest increases is more profitable than attempting to fight back up to the peak. Most day traders go after Candlestick, so it’s better to take a look at books than wait for order confirmation when you think the price is going down. 2nd, there is more volatility and prize ter currencies that never have made it to the profitableness of sites like Coinwarz. When searching forInstall Thedao Knot Ubuntu, there are many things to consider.

Install Thedao Knot Ubuntu – BitCoin: Bitcoin who?

Click here to visit our huis pagina and learn more about Install Thedao Knot Ubuntu. You’ve most likely noticed this many times where you usually distribute the fine word about crypto. “It’s not volatile? What happens if the price failures? ” So far, many POS devices offers free transformation of fiat, improving some worry, but until the volatility cryptocurrencies is addressed, many people will soon be reluctant to keep any. Wij need to find a way to combat the volatility that is inherent te cryptocurrencies. The physical Internet backbone that carries gegevens inbetween the different knots of the network is now the work of several firms called Internet service providers (ISPs), including firms that provide long distance pipelines, sometimes at the international level, regional particular pipe, which eventually joins ter families and businesses. The physical connection to the Internet can only occur through one of thesis ISPs, players like amount Three, Cogent, and IBM AT&T. Each ISP runs its own network. Internet service providers Exchange IXPs, wielded or private companies, and sometimes by Authorities, make for each of thesis networks to be interconnected or to budge messages across the network. Many ISPs have arrangements with providers of physical Internet backbone providers to suggest Internet service overheen their networks for “last mile”-consumers and companies who need to get Internet connectivity. Internet protocols, followed by everyone ter the network makes it possible for the information to flow without interruption, ter the suitable location at the flawless time.

While none of thesis organizations “possesses” the Internet together thesis companies determine how it operates, and recognized rules and standards that everyone remains. Contracts and admitido framework that underlies all that is happening to ascertain how things work and what happens if something bad happens. To get a domain name, for example, one needs permission from a Registrar, which has a contract with ICANN. To connect to the Internet, your ISP vereiste be physical contracts with providers of Internet backbone services, and suppliers have contracts with IXPs from the Internet backbone for connecting to and with hier. Concern overheen security dilemmas? A working group is formed to concentrate on the problem and the solution developed and deployed is te the rente of most parties. If the Internet is down, you might have someone to call to get it repaired. If the problem is from your ISP, they te turn have contracts ter position and service level agreements, which regulate the manner te which thesis problems are resolved.

The benefit of cryptocurrency is that it uses blockchain technology. The network of knots the make up the blockchain is not governed by any focused business. No one can tell the miners to update, speed up, slow down, zekering or do anything. And that is something that spil a committed supporter badge of honour, and is identical to the way the Internet operates. But spil you comprehend now, public Internet governance, normalities and rules that regulate how it works present inherent difficulties to the consumer. Blockchain technology has none of that. Ethereum is an unbelievable cryptocurrency verhoging, however, if growth is too prompt, there may be some issues. If the toneel is adopted rapid, Ethereum requests could rise dramatically, and at a rate that exceeds the rate with which the miners can create fresh coins. Under a situation like this, the entire toneel of Ethereum could become destabilized because of the raising costs of running distributed applications. Ter turn, this could verdampen rente Ethereum toneel and ether. Uncertainty of request for ether may result ter an adverse switch te the economical parameters of an Ethereum based company that could lead to company being incapable to proceed to manage or to discontinue operation. Many individuals choose to use a money deflation, especially individuals who want to save. Despite the criticism and skepticism, a cryptocurrency coin may be better suited for some applications than others. Fiscal solitude, for example, is excellent for political activists, but more debatable when it comes to political campaign financing. Wij need a stable cryptocurrency for use ter commerce, if you’re living pay check to pay check, it’d toebijten spil part of your wealth, with the remainder permitted for other currencies. For most users of cryptocurrencies it is not essential to understand how the process functions ter and of itself, but it is essentially significant to understand that there’s a proces for mining to create imaginario money. Unlike currencies spil wij know them now where Governments and banks can only select to print unlimited numbers (I ‘m not telling they’re doing so, just one point), cryptocurrencies to be operated by users using a mining application, which solves the advanced algorithms to release blocks of currencies that can inject into circulation. If you are looking for Install Thedao Knot Ubuntu, look no further than Ethereum.

Install Thedao Knot Ubuntu – Bitcoin – Making Your Fantasies Reality

The wonder of the cryptocurrencies is that fraud wasgoed proved an impossibility: spil a result of nature of the method where it is transacted. All purchases on a crypto currency blockchain are voortdurend. Merienda youare paid, you get paid. This isn’t something shortterm wherever your visitors may challenge or require a concessions, or employ unethical sleight of mitt. In-practice, most professionals would be a good idea to utilize a toverfee processor, due to the voortdurend nature of crypto currency purchases, you need to ensure that safety is hard. With any type of crypto currency whether it be a bitcoin, ether, litecoin, or some of the numerous other altcoins, thieves and hackers may potentially build up access to your private keys and therefore take your money. Sadly, you most likely can never have it back. It is quiebro crucial for you yourself to adopt some very good secure and safe methods when dealing with any cryptocurrency. Doing this can protect you from most of thesis negative functions. Te the case of a fully-functioning cryptocurrency, it could possibly be dealt spil being a product. Promoters of cryptocurrencies announce that this zuigeling of digital specie is not treated by way of a key banking system and is not thus susceptible to the fads of its inflation. Since there are always a limited number of items, this metselspecie’s worth is founded on market compels, letting entrepreneurs to industry overheen cryptocurrency trades. Mining cryptocurrencies is how fresh coins are placed into circulation. Because there is no government control and crypto coins are digital, they cannot be printed or minted to make more. The mining process is what produces more of the coin. It may be useful to think of the mining spil joining a lottery group, the pros and cons are the same. Mining crypto coins means you’ll get to keep the total prizes of your efforts, but this reduces your chances of being successful. Instead, joining a pool means that, overall, members are going to have higher potential for solving a block, but the prize will be split inbetween all members of the pool, according to the number of “shares” won.

If you are considering going it alone, it is worth noting that the applications configuration for solo mining can be more complicated than with a swimming pool, and beginners would be most likely better take the latter course. This option also creates a constant stream of revenue, even if each payment is modest compared to fully block the benefit. Cryptocurrencies such spil Bitcoin, LiteCoin, Ether, YOCoin, and many others have now bot designed spil a non-fiat currency. Te other words, its backers voorwaarde that there’s “real” value, even through there isn’t any physical representation of that value. The value rises due to computing power, that is, is the lone way to create fresh coins distributed by allocating CPU power via rekentuig programs called miners. Miners create a block after a time period that’s worth an everzwijn diminishing amount of money or some kleuter of prize so that you can ensure the shortage. Each coin contains many smaller components. For Bitcoin, each unit is called a satoshi. The blockchain is where the public record of transactions dwells. Most all cryptocurrencies function spil Bitcoin does.

The fact that there’s little evidence of any growth te the utilization of posible money spil a currency may be the reason why there are minimal efforts to control it. The reason for this could be simply that the market is too little for cryptocurrencies to justify any regulatory effort. It’s also possible the regulators simply do not understand the technology and its implications, awaiting any developments to act.

Aljosa – s blog, Mini howtos

Aljosa – s blog, Mini howtos

Mini howtos …

For slovenian keyboard

Bios motherboard with gpt partition scheme

Use contraptions like parted, gdisk.

Format partitions (mkfs. , mkswap, swapon)

EFI motherboard with GPT partition scheme.

Create puny 1 Gb partition for EFI (code: EF00)

Create interchange partition ter the size of RAM or at least 2Gb (code: 8200)

Create root partition 40Gb (it could be smaller)

Create huis partition from the surplus of the disk size.

You could create separate partitions (VAR, OPT).

Climb on partitions (root, boot, huis)

Cojín system installation

Create climb on points te fstab

Install reserve programs with pacman

Define/configure locale settings



ADD Very first USERS

Run visudo and uncomment wheel group.

Add newuser to wheel group.

Related movie: GDAX Review: How To Buy Bitcoin On GDAX With Zero Fees!


Login spil fresh user

use README for help

liquidate makeshift schrijfmap /huis/newuser.LJHFLAHL

PAM-a ecrypt configuration

I3 window manager

LAPTOP (hibernate laptop at 5% of the battery life

Define storage pool

example: directory on outer usb drive

Invoer fresh photo

RDESKTOP (remotely manage windows computers)

DISK test implements

From webpagina http://localhost:631, wij can add fresh printers

LCMC – cluster administration


It works te firefox.


At the end of files wij add:

A bash script to randomize the xterm colors defined ter the .Xresources opstopping.

Requirements: An diferente .Xresources opstopping. It vereiste, among other definitions, specify all the neccesary colors ter the following form (order is irrellevant):

Navigate to the directory where your system’s .Xresources opstopping is located (most likely your huis directory). Make sure it obeys with the listed requirements. If so, copy it into a fresh verkeersopstopping to which wij from now on refer spil the flamante opstopping. Else edit it so it does and then create the copy:

Now wij are ready to run the script. Verify that it is located ter current directory and classified executable. Then run:

Fell free to substitute the number Ten with any rechtschapen ter range from 0 to 255. That is the limit on the randomization range. Spil it increases the output will te promedio differ more and more from the flamante.

After the fresh .Xresources is generated, you can flow it:

Restart your xterm to see the switch take place. Repeating this process a duo of times will likely provide you with a truly amazing xterm color scheme.

Paste this into the randXcolor verkeersopstopping.

Thesis are instructions on how to waterput Debian for Beaglebone Black (BBB) on a SD card without using an extra SD card reader.

Hardware required: Beaglebone Black and a GNU/Linux pc, both connected to the same LAN, and a micro SD card.

Pc software required: a web browser, wget, md5sum, 7zip, arp-scan, openssh, dd.

BBB software required: a working GNU/Linux running from the eMMC.

Fire up your rekentuig’s terminal. Chdir into an primarily empty directory.

1) Navigate to the official BBB webpagina using your preferred browser:

Two) Download the latest Debian (or other) pic via wget. Choose beetween the bootable and flashing-only version (according to your private preference). You can also download the verkeersopstopping using browser or bit torrent.

Four) Unzip the opstopping using 7zip (the extracted opstopping will look like this: IMAGE_NAME.img):

Five) Make sure your BBB is connected to the same particular network your machine is connected to using ethernet cable. Also make sure the SD card has bot waterput into its slot after BBB had bot turned on and booted up.

Find your recinto ethernet name. It should look something like eth0. You will be able to find it using this directive:

6) Arp-scan your huis network to find the BBB’s IP adress:

7) The IP address corresponding to Texas Instruments, Inc te the third katern should be your BBB’s. Now you can ssh into your device. If you’re using the default Angstrom distribution, just klapper come in when asked for password:

8) List bulk devices to find your SD card’s device name.

9) Take this step very gravely since not doing so could do harm to your BBB te step 11. You should be able to find the SD card device name by its size, filetype and name. The BBB comes with a 2GB on-board flash so make sure to filterzakje that one out. The SD may include some partitions, for example mmcblk1p1 and/or mmcblk1p2. Ter my case, the SD device name wasgoed mmcblk1. Wij will be using the SD_NAME te the following steps.

Memorise the SD_NAME (or better yet, write it down) and unmount all of its partitions:

Make sure they had bot unmounted using lsblk again.

11) Please take this final step even more earnestly and go after at your own risk. Wij will be using the dd pic writing guideline, also known spil the Gegevens Destructor. You could lightly ruin all gegevens either on your machine or BBB so proceed cautiously.

Clone the picture to the SD card using ssh:

Related movie: How to Connect Mailerlite to WordPress

if stands for input, of for output. This will take a while. You should get a coffee. Or make tea. Take a quick nap ter vuurlijn of your rekentuig. Merienda it’s done, you should end up with a SD-card ready for eMMC flash or boot.

The easiest way to install packages on arch Linux is from the official repositories using pacman. This is also the preferred way since the packages installed this way are updated through system-wide updates.

However what if the package you need is not available te the official repos? Or perhaps you need a newer version? Ter this case you can go after this proces:

AUR stands for arch user repository. It is maintained by the community. Many packages are availible. AUR.

Check the dependencies. You will need to install them straks if they are not installed on your system but no need to worry about that just yet. Read the discussion on the bottom of the pagina – it sometimes contains valuable informatie. If the package is flagged out of date you can consider yourself unlucky. Thesis ones usually don’t work out of the opbergruimte. Attempt – perhaps it does. Many packages are marked with “-git”. Thesis ones use git to install the newest version of the software.

Download tarball archive using your browser. It is worthwhile using a special folder for all the programs you build for convenience. Merienda downloaded locate the verkeersopstopping through console and run:

Four. Read the PKGBUILD opstopping and build

PKGBUILD verkeersopstopping contains all the information needed to install a package. You are advised to see it before install but it is not necessary.

Then run this instruction:

s (syncdeps) installs the missing depencenies using pacman provided they are available through sync repos. Ter case they are not you can install them the way you are attempting to install this one.

r (rmdeps) eliminates the dependencies after the build process is ended so your system does not get loaded with programs you do not need.

c (clean) cleans up leftover work files used during the build process.

Te case build process wasgoed not not successful you can attempt to edit PKGBUILD verkeersopstopping, leave a comment on the package AUR webstek or perhaps send a message to the mantainer.

After a successful build process your current folder should contain a verkeersopstopping with the extension .tar.xz. Install the package like this (spil root):

U (upgrade) upgrades or adds package(s) to the system and installs the required dependencies from sync repos.

You should treat your system well. Informatie regarding the arch linux maintenance is availible through the arch wiki.

Cisco 1841 ethernet port + dialer interface

description == WAN interface

pppoe enable group universal

pppoe-client dial-pool-number 1

description == LAN interface

ip address

ip virtual-reassembly ter

ip tcp adjust-mss 1452

description == pppoe to ISP

ip address negotiated

ip virtual-reassembly te

ppp authentication chap pap callin

ppp chap hostname username@domain.tld

ppp chap password 7 060B162A5D4C222C1F

ppp pap sent-username username@domain.tld password 7 030E3100150D592954

ppp ipcp dns request

ppp ipcp route default

ppp ipcp address accept

ip dhcp pool LAN

network 192.168.Two.0

dns-server Four.Four.Four.Four

ip address 192.168.Two.1

ip helper-address

ip vloeistof inwards &lt,– significant part ter Vocht translation

ip virtual-reassembly ter

HWIC-4ESW ethernet port configuration

description == PC LAN

switchport access vlan Two

description == AP LAN

switchport access vlan Two

ip regenachtig inwards source list 1 interface Dialer1 overcharge

access-list 1 permit

access-list 1 permit 192.168.Two.0

Stijlvol way to backup or restore user mailbox ter Zimbra.

Tested ter Zimbra 8.x and works.

BACKUP user mailbox:

RESTORE user mailbox:

Wij need bridge (brX) interface(s) for linux kvm virtualization.

VLAN-s vereiste be defined on Cisco switch

VLAN Ten – IT vlan

VLAN 20 – DMZ vlan

VLAN 30 – guest vlan

Define vlan without ip (L2 switch):

Define vlan with ip address (L3 switch):


Connection to network interface eth0 on linux server for vlan Ten and vlan 30 (trunk connection):

Connection to network interface eth1 on linux server for vlan 20 (trunk connection):


Reset IIS and reboot server from cmd

Create directory listig (example: budge user profile to partition D)

1. Copy user profile to partition D

Two. Delete flamante userprofile on partition C

Three. Create verbinding on C partition which points to D partition

Migrate Zimbra 7 (mailboxes, documents,…) to fresh 64 bit server with Zimbra 8.0.


OS: Centos Five.8 32 bit

Zimbra: Zimbra 7.Two.0

UPGRADE to latest zimbra for Centos Five.8(ZIMBRA 7.Two.1)

Do you want to verify message store database integrity? [Y]

Verifying integrity of message store databases. This may take a while.

mysqld is alive

Database errors found.

/opt/zimbra/mysql/bin/mysqlcheck -defaults-file=/opt/zimbra/conf/my.cnf -S /opt/zimbra/db/mysql.sock -A -C -s -u root -auto-repair -password=XXXXXXXX

Error : You can’t use locks with loom tables.

Error : You can’t use locks with loom tables.

This is a bug ter mysql and does no hurm .

Upgrade wasgoed successfull. ??

Vertoning fresh zimbra version:

Create backup directory for LDAP


Save mail address for SPAM and HAM accounts

OS: Ubuntu Ten.04 TLS 64bit

Zimbra: Zimbra 8.0 (very first install 7.Two.1)

Install Ubuntu server Ten.04 LTS (minimal install + ssh server)

Create separate partition /opt for zimbra installation (size depend on size and quantity of mailboxes)

Use old mailserver hostname and IP adress

Prepare HOSTS verkeersopstopping .

Download ZIMBRA 7.Two.1

Install ZIMBRA 7.Two.1 to the Fresh SERVER

DNS ERROR resolving MX for mail.domain.tld

It is suggested that the domain name have an MX record configured te DNS

Switch domain name? [Yes]

Create domain: [mail.domain.tld] domain.tld

Create domain: [mail.domain.tld] domain.tld

MX: mail.domain.tld (192.168.Ten.7)

Checking for port conflicts

1) Common Configuration:

Two) zimbra-ldap: Enabled

Three) zimbra-store: Enabled

+Create Admin User: yes

+Admin user to create: admin@domain.tld

******* +Admin Password UNSET

+Anti-virus quarantine user: virus-quarantine.lsmlhshnmy@domain.tld

+Enable automated spam training: yes

+Spam training user: spam.wyqzbievu@domain.tld

+Non-spam(Ham) training user: ham.vccas9hrzf@domain.tld

+SMTP host: mail.domain.tld

+Web server HTTP port: 80

+Web server HTTPS port: 443

+Web server mode: http

+IMAP server port: 143

+IMAP server SSL port: 993

+Speelpop server port: 110

+Speelpop server SSL port: 995

+Use spell check server: yes

+Spell server URL: http://mail.domain.tld:7780/aspell.php

+Configure for use with mail proxy: FALSE

+Configure for use with web proxy: FALSE

+Enable version update checks: TRUE

+Enable version update notifications: TRUE

+Version update notification email: admin@domain.tld

+Version update source email: admin@domain.tld

Four) zimbra-mta: Enabled

Five) zimbra-snmp: Enabled

6) zimbra-logger: Enabled

7) zimbra-spell: Enabled

8) Default Class of Service Configuration:

r) Begin servers after configuration yes

s) Save config to opstopping

Switch admin password

Four) Admin Password set

Switch antivirus quarantine user from old server.

Five) Anti-virus quarantine user: virus-quarantine.jllqjtji@domain.tld

Switch spam training user from old server.

7) Spam training user: spam.ydku3gfyuh@domain.tld

Switch ham training user from old server.

8) Non-spam(Ham) training user: ham.r4ujxkaq4@domain.tld

*** CONFIGURATION Finish – press ‘a’ to apply

Select from menukaart, or press ‘a’ to apply config (? – help) a

Save configuration gegevens to a verkeersopstopping? [Yes]

Spil zimbra user do:

Three. COPY Gegevens TO Fresh SERVER

Copy DB_CONFIG from old server to fresh server

Create BACKUP directory on Fresh SERVER

Copy LDAP Gegevens from OLD SERVER to Fresh SERVER

Invoer LDAP Gegevens


COPY localconfig.xml from OLDSERVER to NEWSERVER

BACKUP localconfig.xml on the NEWSERVER

EDIT localconfig.xml and switch values to values from OLDSERVER

c. zimbra_logger_mysql_password (Note: Transfer/copy this value to the fresh 64-bit server only if available from the old 32-bit server.)

d. mailboxd_keystore_password (Note: Transfer/copy this value to the fresh 64-bit server only if available from the old 32-bit server.)

Eliminate gegevens from Fresh SERVER

COPY Gegevens from OLD SERVER

Copy MESSAGES and INDEX files from OLD SERVER to Fresh SERVER

+ Switch keystore PASSWORD

COPY smtp,ldap,nginx CERTIFICATE and KEY from OLD to Fresh server



Commence ZIMBRA 7.Two.1 on Fresh SERVER

Commencing ldap. Done.

Incapable to determine enabled services from ldap.

Enabled services read from cache. Service list may be inaccurate.

Kicking off zmconfigd. Done.

Kicking off logger. Failed.

Kicking off logswatch. ERROR: service.FAILURE (system failure: ZimbraLdapContext) (cause: javax.televisiekanaal.ssl.SSLHandshakeException PKIX path validation failed: signature check failed)

zimbra logger service is not enabled! failed.

Commencing mailbox. Done.

Kicking off antispam. Done.

Commencing antivirus. Failed.

Embarking amavisd. Config opstopping “/opt/zimbra/conf/amavisd.conf” does not exist, at /opt/zimbra/amavisd/sbin/amavisd line 1799.

Beginning freshclam. done.

Kicking off clamd. ERROR: Can’t open/parse the config opstopping /opt/zimbra/conf/freshclam.conf

Beginning snmp. Done.

Commencing spell. Done.

Beginning mta. Failed.

Beginning saslauthd. saslauthd[8646] :set_auth_mech : failed to initialize mechanism zimbra

zmsaslauthdctl failed to begin

Commencing stats. Done.

Beginning logswatch. ERROR: service.FAILURE (system failure: ZimbraLdapContext) (cause: javax.nipt.ssl.SSLHandshakeException PKIX path validation failed: signature check failed)

zimbra logger service is not enabled! Failed.

Kicking off ldap. Done.

Kicking off zmconfigd. Done.

Kicking off logger. Done.

Beginning mailbox. Done.

Kicking off antispam. Done.

Commencing antivirus. Done.

Commencing snmp. Done.

Kicking off spell. Done.

Kicking off mta. Done.

Embarking stats. Done.

** Saving server config key zimbraSSLCertificate. done.

** Saving server config key zimbraSSLPrivateKey. done.

** Installing mta certificate and key. done.

** Installing slapd certificate and key. done.

** Installing proxy certificate and key. done.

** Creating pkcs12 opstopping /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/jetty.pkcs12. done.

** Creating keystore opstopping /opt/zimbra/mailboxd/etc/keystore. done.

** Installing CA to /opt/zimbra/conf/ca. done.

** Importing CA /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/ca/ca.pem into CACERTS. done.

** Saving completo config key zimbraCertAuthorityCertSelfSigned. done.

** Saving integral config key zimbraCertAuthorityKeySelfSigned. done.

** Copying CA to /opt/zimbra/conf/ca. done.

Updating keys for mail.domain.tld

Fetching key for mail.domain.tld

Updating keys for mail.domain.tld

notBefore=Sep 30 13:Nineteen:52 2012 GMT

notAfter=Sep 29 13:Nineteen:52 2018 GMT

notBefore=Sep 30 13:Nineteen:52 2012 GMT

notAfter=Sep 29 13:Nineteen:52 2018 GMT

notBefore=Sep 30 13:Nineteen:52 2012 GMT

notAfter=Sep 29 13:Nineteen:52 2018 GMT

notBefore=Sep 30 13:Nineteen:52 2012 GMT

notAfter=Sep 29 13:Nineteen:52 2018 GMT

Message: system failure: Cannot WRITE index directory (mailbox=6 idxPath=/opt/zimbra/index/0/6/index/0) Error code: service.FAILURE Method: [unknown] Details:soap:Receiver

Click to MAILQUEUE on WEB CONSOLE produce:

Message: system failure: exception during auth Error code: service.FAILURE Method: [unknown] Details:soap:Receiver

Message: system failure: exception during auth Error code: service.FAILURE Method: [unknown] Details:soap:Receiver

$ zmprov ms mail.domain.tld zimbraRemoteManagementPort 22

Very likely INTERFACES Opstopping .

There wasgoed no gateway te /etc/network/interfaces

add gateway

After I switched interfaces opstopping, restart network with

# service networking restart

Pay attention at hosts verkeersopstopping .

NOW everything works fine.

Test MAIL SERVER by sending and receiving mail.

Download fresh Zimbra

Embarking mysql. done.

ERROR 1133 (42000) at line Two: Can’t find any matching row te the user table

ERROR 1396 (HY000) at line 1: Operation Druppel USER failed for ”@’mail’

Check running SERVICES,

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HELP from Zimbra wiki:

OS: linux debian 6

Software Raid: raid 1 created with mdadm

Failed drive: sata drive (/dev/sda) of size 500Gb

Fresh drive: same size or thicker sata drive. Te my case 1Tb sata drive

1. Shutdown server,

Two. Substitute failed disk,

Four. Rebuild Raid 1,


With fdisk I looked how is active disk ter Raid 1 configured.

I used fdisk to create same size raid partitions on fresh disk:






Example of howto eliminate a failed disk from array:

IF PROBLEMS WITH update-grub … update-grub failed with no such disk …

Slim XML Editing

Slim XML Editing

Context-Sensitive Content Completion Assistant

Oxygen offers the list of elements, attributes, and attribute values through the Content Completion Assistant. Unlike other editors that suggest all the available entries (for example, all the factor names defined by the document XML Schema), Oxygen shows only those entries that are valid te the current editing setting. Therefore, the XML document always remains valid and the user does not need experienced skill of the relationship inbetween elements.

Ter the following pic, you can see that the list of possible elements for the tgroup factor contains colspec, tbody, and thead, which is exactly what the DocBook DTD has defined.

Support for Demonstrating Latest Content Items

The proposals that have previously bot used are promoted at the top of the content completion list, thus permitting for efficient re-use. For example, when editing an XSLT stylesheet, you use a puny fraction from the entire set of XSLT and HTML elements. By sorting the recently used proposals to emerge at the top of the list, it makes it lighter to find them the next time you want to use them.

Te the following picture, you can see the four XSLT elements that were previously used and they show up above the other elements of the XHTML grammar.

Content Completion Assistant for Documents Without a Schema

If there is a schema associated with the edited document, Oxygen analyzes it and initializes the Content Completion Assistant. If the document has no associated schema, the Content Completion Assistant is initialized by examining the edited document and learning its structure. You can also specify the default XML Schema or DTD to be used for each document type.

Note that the learned structure can be saved to a DTD verkeersopstopping and can be used spil a skeleton for further development.

Configurable Content Completion Assistant Behavior

There are numerous settings that permit you to customize the behavior of the Content Completion Assistant. For example, you can enable or disable the generation of the required content or modify the way the cursor is placed after an injection.

Content Completion Assistant for IDREFS

Oxygen displays the ID values collected from the most latest validation ter the list of content completion proposals where an IDREF or IDREFS type is specified. This not only works with documents that have an associated DTD but also with documents that have an XML Schema or Loosen NG schema associated.

Te the following pic, you can see that when using the Content Completion Assistant on a verbinding (for a linkend attribute value), it contains the IDs found elsewhere te the document.

When an attribute value is of the type anyURI (te both XML Schema and Relieve NG schema), Oxygen displays proposals of the form #ID for each defined ID value te the document.

Search/Refactoring Support for ID/IDREFS

Oxygen offers support for search and refactoring operations for ID/IDREFS ter XML documents that have an associated DTD, XML Schema, or Relieve NG Schema. Thesis operations are available te the Text and Author modes.

Te Text mode, the easiest way to access the search/refactoring activity is by using the Quick Assist support. It is available when you position the cursor inwards an ID or an IDREF and click the yellow light bulb from the line-number stripe on the left side of the editor.

Highlight ID Occurrences te Text Mode

To see the occurrences of an ID ter an XML document while ter Text mode, you can simply place the cursor inwards the ID declaration or reference. The occurrences are marked te the derecho side buffet at the right side of the editor and you can click a marker to navigate to that particular occurrence. The occurrences are also highlighted ter the editing area.

XML Quick Fixes

The Oxygen Quick Fix support helps you resolve errors that emerge te an XML document by suggesting quick fixes to problems such spil missing required attributes or invalid elements. Quick fixes are available for XML documents that are validated against XSD, Loosen NG, or Schematron schemas.

Oxygen automatically analyzes the current error and proposes quick fixes te order to solve it ter a single step. The quick fixes are available te both Text and Author editing modes.

Support for Enumerations

The Content Completion Assistant offers proposals for attributes and factor values with a type that is an enumeration of tokens. This is available for documents that use XML Schema or Relieve NG schema.

Te the following photo, the attribute list of the root factor has bot defined spil a list of fracción values (1.44, Two.88, Three.0, and Five.0) and the Content Completion Assistant offers proposals accordingly.

Automatic Generation of Required Content

To speed up the content creation, Oxygen automatically inserts the required attributes or content of an factor. Ter the following pic, you can see how an entire subtree is generated just by selecting an factor. This permits you to create valid content with ondergrens effort.

Code Templates

Document fragments can be defined and re-used while editing through code templates. The template list can be obtained with the Content Completion Assistant by using the CTRL+SPACE keyboard shortcut. Oxygen includes a large number of ready-to-use templates for XSLT, XQuery, XML Schema, and CSS, but you can also create your own code templates for any type of document. The templates can also be collective with others by using Uitvoer and Invoer deeds.

Te the following pic, the Preview pane shows you how a Copy-Template code template has bot defined. After injection, the cursor will be placed after the xsl:template closing tag line.

Resource Hierarchy/Dependencies View

The relationship inbetween XML resources that are referenced using XInclude and outer entity mechanisms can be visualized and understood with the help of the Resource Hierarchy/Dependencies View.

Update References of Moved or Renamed Resources

When an XML, XSL, XSD, or WSDL resource is renamed or moved ter the Project view, Oxygen gives you the option to update the references for that resource. The same option is available when you budge or rename a resource ter the Resource Hierarchy/Dependencies view.

Matching Tag Highlight and Navigation

When placing the cursor inwards a tag name, both the start-tag and the end-tag are underlined to provide instant concentrate on the current factor. You can budge the cursor to the matching tag using the Go to Matching Tag act from the contextual spijskaart and Oxygen includes a multiplicity of helpful shortcuts to help to lightly identify and navigate XML tags.

Automatic Editing of the Matching End-Tag

It is effortless to rename elements ter Oxygen. When the start-tag of an XML factor is edited, the matching end-tag is automatically switched, thus keeping the XML document “well-formed” and saving you a few keystrokes.

Lock/Unlock XML Tags

The Lock/Unlock XML Tags option permits you to protect the markup from accidental switches and to limit modifications to text sections. This is especially useful when editing XML documents or templates with immovable markup where only text content is permitted to be modified.


XML documents have a tree-like structure. Folding permits you to collapse elements, leaving only those that you need to edit te the concentrate. A unique feature of Oxygen is the fact that the folds are persistent (the next time you open the document the folds are restored to the last state so you can proceed to work from where you left off). For non-XML files, the folding strategy is to collapse blocks of text that have the same indent.

Te the following pic, you can see that only one section is expanded and the surplus are collapsed. The number of lines that were collapsed are listed te brackets on the right side of the folded elements.

You can also use contextual spijskaart deeds to collapse or expand a selected fold, its child folds, or all other folds

Optional Content Generation

When creating a fresh XML document, the editor generates the content of the root factor based on the required elements spil it wasgoed specified te the associated schema or DTD. Two options are also available to make the content generation process take into account optional content and choice models, thus permitting you to obtain more content for the fresh document.

Te the following picture, the webpagina factor wasgoed chosen spil the root of the fresh document. The checkboxes above the text display the settings from the Fresh Document dialog opbergruimte. You can see that activating the optional content generation options produce more generated content.

How to: Edit XML Files

How to: Edit XML Files


For the latest documentation on Visual Studio 2018, see Visual Studio 2018 Documentation.

For the latest documentation on Visual Studio 2018, see How to: Edit XML Files on The XML Editor is the fresh editor for XML files. It can be used on a stand-alone XML opstopping, or on a opstopping associated with a Visual Studio project. The XML Editor is associated with the following opstopping extensions: .config, .dtd, .xml, .xsd, .xdr, .xsl, .xslt, and .vssettings. The XML Editor is also associated with any other verkeersopstopping type that has no specific editor registered, and that contains XML or DTD content.

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XHTML documents are treated by the HTML Editor.

To edit an XML verkeersopstopping

  1. Double-click the verkeersopstopping you want to edit.

To add a fresh XML opstopping to a project

Inject the filename ter the Name field and press Add.

The XML opstopping is added to the project and opened te the XML Editor. The verkeersopstopping contains the default XML declaration, &lt,?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″ ?&gt, .

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To add an existing XML opstopping to a project

From the Project menukaart, select Add Existing Voorwerp.

The Add Existing Voorwerp dialog opbergruimte shows up.

Select an XML opstopping and press Add.

To create a fresh XML or XSLT opstopping

The Fresh Opstopping dialog opbergruimte shows up.

Select XML Verkeersopstopping to create a fresh XML verkeersopstopping, or, select XSLT Verkeersopstopping to create a fresh XSLT style sheet.

To create a project for XML files

The Fresh Project dialog opbergruimte emerges.

Select the code language of your choice, select Empty Project, and click OK.

Add XML files to the project.

The XML Editor finds the schemas you add to this project and uses them for validation and IntelliSense ter any XML, schema, or XSLT files that you edit while this project is open.