Spil I have taken a duo of weeks off, my blogging abilities have slightly diminished but I’ll attempt to get back ter the “flow.” The News documentary wij are watching is pretty interesting BUT I have noticed that the concentrate has bot on the development of news and journalism from the customary newspaper to movie news and quick news online. I have not seen any of our causes te this documentary yet but this isn’t to say wij cannot draw conclusions about news and our topic.
Amani doesn’t make news. It is not going to be found te newspapers or talked about on the radiodifusión. It is circunscrito, and when I say almacén, I mean very regional. “News” is what the public wants to hear. Much of this information is crap te my opinion (style, hollywood, etc.) but much of it is also “important” (political issues, general uprisings, crime, the usual). So where are the organizations or movements for social justice ter the news? Well, I’m sad to say that unless you search truly hard (like spend 20 minutes on youtube narrowing down the searches) you won’t find specific causes and up-to-date information on the activities of those causes. To the best of my skill, the “news” of Amani circles within the Amani community. If you are involved with Amani then you will receive emails and make contacts with others who share your passion. However, if you don’t know anything about Amani then it would take something extreme for you to hear about this wonderful organization (like running into mij for example). One of the reasons that Amani doesn’t market itself or show up extensively ter regional papers, ads, broadcasts, etc. is because it is a non-profit organization that runs on a taut budget and cannot afford this.
I think that news today should also concentrate on the issues that are troubling our society. When wasgoed the last time that the HIV/AIDS depressie and its effects on orphans ter Africa wasgoed featured te the newspaper? You tell mij. I can’t recall such a time. Is this not significant here te Indianapolis, Ter, US of A? Evidently not. Wij have more significant things to talk about, like Governor Daniels possibly running for voorzitter (kidding).
News plays a puny role ter my cause because of the way our communicative society is structured. If integral social justice problems appeared te newspapers and television programs more often, more self sustaining switch would go after and the world would be a better place.
Reminisce Alex Brown
ARE YOU READY TO BE MOVED?
Meet Alex Brown
This story is a journey from the utmost tragedy to awareness and grace.
Spoiler bedachtzaam: this is a sad postbode and contains Justin Bieber. If you’re still interested this postbode will also take 20 minutes of your time. Still interested? You should be, cuz this blog is auténtico. Here at Dougie B. Still Reppin’ Amani wij like to postbode meaningful stories, practices, situations etc. and grow by finding meaning through making connections to our own life. If you’re looking for a quick comment, this is not the pagina. Te order to practice this postbode, you will need to read, reflect, and see. Both movies on the Brown family that I’ve posted paint the picture of this tragedy. But this tragedy has given way to a large field of blossoming orchards. It is a beautiful story….with a powerful message. The center of this story is texting and driving. But this particular story is unlike the surplus, for the death of this tiener is not the last chapter. Through the grace and will of Heer, Alex Brown’s parents are speaking to youth across the country. By retelling Alex’s story, they are reliving their worst nightmare…over and overheen again.
If y’all didn’t toebijten to catch the Extreme Makeover Huis Edition scene a few weeks ago about Alex Brown, I’m sorry- it wasgoed such an amazing gig! If you did see it then good. It wasgoed a two hour gig about a lady who died because she wasgoed texting and driving. Alex wasgoed 17 and wasgoed absolutely gorgeous. Hier mom, dad, and junior sister were devastated but made a promise to prevent this from happening again by creating a foundation te Alex’s name. The Reminisce Alex Brown Foundation has taken off and the publicity of being on the Extreme Makeover Showcase brought this message to millions of people. The scene featured guest appearances from Emma Roberts (fascinante) and Justin Bieber (sugestivo?). One of my dearest moments wasgoed when Katrina (Alex’s junior sister) flew out to Fresh York with hier friends and wasgoed astonished by J Biebs. He then proceeded to give them VIP tickets to his muziekstuk, permit them to come early to dance with the squad, AND he donated $1 from every toegangsbewijs to the Recall Alex Brown Foundation (see, he is a sweetheart). But my dearest part wasgoed when he instructed Katrina and hier friends how to Dougie. It wasgoed so funny! and he indeed can Dougie! Witness the very first 30 seconds of this movie.
Now prepare yourself. You are now about to hear the story of Alex Brown. Your life will be switched forever. Mine wasgoed.
Mark McGuinn wrote the song “Til’ You Got Home” about Alex Brown and the song is now on iTunes- I bought it just a few days ago. I’m te LOVE with it! It is a very emotional and catchy song. Please buy this song- half of the proceeds will be donated to the Alex Brown Foundation.
Alex’s family has traveled across the United States speaking to high schools and sharing Alex’s story. Their message is elementary: don’t text and drive. Their internal beauty is breathtaking. The mom is such a heartbreaker. I wasgoed deeply touched by the scene and without thinking I tweeted about it afterwards and got online to take the pledge to never everzwijn text and drive again.
My purpose is for you to make a promise to yourself to never text and drive again. Believe mij, just a few weeks ago I wasgoed like almost every other teenage te that I thought, “I know texting and driving isn’t ok, but it is ok when I do it.” I would never look down for more than a 2nd or two and attempted to limit my texting to when I came to surplus at stoplights. But after watching the Extreme Makeover and hearing Alex Brown’s story, I toevluchthaven’t texted a single word or even answered my phone while driving… and I never will. The loss of Alex and the anguish hier family lives with is enough for my heart to bear… I have promised myself that I will not text and drive because I don’t want my family to lose mij ter that way.
DON”T TEXT AND DRIVE!
There are also thumbrings that say r.a.b. to remind you not to get out your phone and text while driving. Everyone who observed this scene leaped online afterwards to attempt and figure out how to get a hold of them. I found out on the facebook group Reminisce Alex Brown that if you make a donation to the foundation of $25 or more, ter about three weeks you will receive a opbergruimte of r.a.b. thumbrings. If you’re interested te getting one, just holler.
I will provide y’all with a verbinding to the extreme makeover huis edition’s recall Alex Brown pledge. Just click on this listig, read the paragraph about Alex, and then click on the blue verbinding that says: Print out the pledge, sign it and reminisce Alex Brown.
On behalf of everybody here at Dougie B. Still Reppin’ Amani, it has bot a pleasure- thank you and Godheid Bless.
WILL YOU TAKE THE PLEDGE?
James Cameron is a boss
This is yo boy Dougie B, now reppin’ the Na’vi
Let’s relate Altibajo to my cause. To refresh your memory, my cause is an organization (Amani) that supports orphanages te Kenya. Let’s establish why there is a need for orphanages te Kenya. The HIV/AIDS virus has wiped out millions ter Kenya and thereby left millions of childrens spil orphans. The way that Kenyans often react to illness, especially te times of economic turmoil, is by making persons with illnesses outcasts. An example is how hospitals ter Nairobi neglect to care for those babies that are HIV positive because their resources are opened up lean and they only want to care for those they believe have the best chance of surviving. Those who are sick te Kenya are often not cared for. Now let’s tegenstelling this with Pandora. On Pandora, the Ometacaya revere life and have a strong sense of community. Wij can assume that there are viruses and communicable diseases on Pandora but wij did not have the time to see them. The Ometacaya react to sickness by asking for strength through Ewya and asking to the Tree of Souls. If one member of the Na’vi people became very sick, the entire Ometacaya tribe gathers ter chanting under the Tree of Souls te asking Eywa to give that person strength. On Pandora, death is not a horrible thing because when you diegene, you became part of Eywa and come in the circle of life. I cannot see the need for an orphanage on Pandora because the Na’vi people are such care-takers of one another.
Now imagine if wij acted like the Na’vi people. The Indians were similar ter a loterijlot of ways to the Na’vi. But unfortuneately wij have at least for the most part wiped out the Indian tribes. Wij have separated them from their homeland much like the “Sky People” separated the Na’vi from Hometree. Spil technology has advanced and the human wedren has modernized, wij have lost all sense of responsibility to the community. Spil individuals ter society today, wij are connected to our family and would react like the Na’vi if one of our family members fell ill. However, the Na’vi are one big family. Imagine if the community of Indianapolis knew everyone and considered each member family. I think wij can learn to love others through watching Cambio and admiring the beauty of James Cameron’s masterpiece. I want to be a Na’vi
Society is Pulling Us Away From the Truth
This weekend I would like to talk about faith, spirituality and the fight to maintain a relationship with Maker amidst the world wij live te today. Let mij very first establish the underlining belief that every human being longs for a sense of spirituality. I truly believe that wij are all born with a spiritual chunk which makes up our “oneness.” Now whether that spiritual lump is kept intact, nurtured or ruined is not the punt I hope to address. I tightly believe that te present day society, it is now stiffer than everzwijn to cultivate a relationship with Schepper. Let’s very first start by codifying our terminology. When I speak of developing a relationship with Heerser, I do not simply mean attending Mass every Sunday and telling prayers every merienda and a while. Having a relationship with Heerser, to mij, means being te touch with your inward spirit, worshipping Him and sharing your most private thoughts, worries, doubts and fears with Him. That to mij defines having a relationship with Heer.
There are several reasons why I feel it is spil difficult to have an intimate relationship with Godheid now than it has everzwijn bot. Technology has advanced drastically even within the last twenty years. I am not anti-technology but feel spil tho’ technology is pulling us away from our inward beings. Wij perceive life-from cradle to grave-externally. The imagination of children is hindered by television, gaming and electronics. Wij spend so much of our time entangled with relationships that do not even exist. Before the television came into existence, I believe that children played with fucktoys, spent time reading and played with kids outside ter the neighborhood. Today, children spend hours staring at the screens of Nintendo DS Gameboys and other forms of gaming entertainment. Television slurps enormous portions of our time spil human beings. I feel that spil wij engage ter the info-glut world of consumerism and materialism, wij lose ourselves ter the process. Where is Godheid ter entertainment, gaming systems or television?Spil youthful adults wij concentrate our time on improving our ranks te Call of Duty and catching up on reality TV shows instead of strengthening the existing relationships te our lives. I am also a strong believer that wij are often inspired by Heerser through others. Godheid works through others ter our lives whether wij accept it or not.
Let mij take one 2nd to point out that not all forms of entertainment are bruising to us. The Internet, for example, is a wealth of skill and resources that has proven to budge mountains. But the majority of time that the youth spends on the Internet today is on Facebook and Twitter. period.
Wij are now going to examine the ways te which the media inherently pull us away from the Higher Power (Heer, Allah, Yahweh, or, at least for now, wij may call him The Truth). I believe that Satan is working masterly to pull us away from The Truth ter every way he can. The messages being spoon fed to youthful kids growing up today regarding drinking, drug use and hookup is absolutely ridiculous. Our society puts celebrities, rappers and millionaires on a pedestal above everyone else. Wij make thesis people out to be Heroes when the truth is that they are often very greedy, empty and selfish human beings. Why is it that wij have things upside down? Wij glorify individuals that lack ético character, self respect and integrity. The human beings worth being applauded for are usually not even recognized. There are so many invisible heroes who truly know what it means to love. They have given up lives of convenience and success to spend painful days working with the impoverished, homeless victims of our caste system today. Thesis are our efectivo Heroes. But our world today is telling us that ter order to be blessed wij voorwaarde have money, success and fame when the truth is that those individuals who have achieved fame and wealth are the people searching for happiness the most.
Let mij point something out. There are two kinds of communication: Confidence and Gossip. Confidence is when a person is talking to someone else about THEMSELVES. Zekering and think for a uur how often you talk to others about your own deeds rather than the deeds of others. Whenever wij speak to a friend about deeds other than our own, wij are communicating Gossip. How often do wij find ourselves waiting for someone to turn the corner so that wij can make a remark about them? It happens every 2nd. Our world today is total of Gossip.
To truly define ourselves from the inwards out, wij voorwaarde strive to speak only about our own deeds. An example would be this: I’m talking to my friend and I tell him, “Last night at baloncesto practice coach wasgoed railing mij for no reason! He is such a wank! All I do is bust my butt off and he yells at mij every practice!” The keurig way to phrase this would be to say, “I had a rough practice last night. I permitted my private problems to interfere with my baloncesto spel. My mind wasgoed not on the court.” Notice how the 2nd response accepts total accountability. Attempt to become aware of thesis instances ter your everyday conversations with friends- attempt to talk only about your own deeds. You will be astonished how quickly wij take the chance to talk about others.
Back to my main idea: where is Maker ter today’s world? 99% of the messages wij are receiving are pulling us away from The Truth. It takes a warrior to stand up for Heer today. Wij are programmed to associate “fun” with partying, drinking and being bad. Merienda everyone reaches high schoolgebouw, there is peer pressure to drink, date, gossip, join cliques and rebel against our parents. Only strong individuals with a solid foundation are able to remain true to themselves and not switch through the stages of adolescence. Because so many of us lack self-esteem and want so badly to feel included, wij permit others to mold us into the persons they want us to be. It is our responsibility and the responsibility of our parents ter raising us to hold onto ourselves because society is working oh so hard to cripple the minds of its youth. Wij get pulled into this imaginario reality which can be detrimental to our journey to better understand ourselves, others and Maker.
Today I would like to showcase you a movie of a truly inspiring youthful dame. She instructs us all to go after our passions and include Aker ter our lives. I hope you are spil moved by this movie spil I am.
I’ve liked the last few classes and our discussions on whether schoolgebouw needs to be saved. Haffley shredded that chalkboard, that’s for sure. Everybody’s mind wasgoed movin’ and ideas were sprouting out of lean air. To duo the radical discussions wij’ve had is our reading te LOC (pronounced low-ck, not l.o.c.). Te one of our loke readings a fellow spoke about how wij need to commence earlier. He said that kids should be going to schoolgebouw at age Four and by 16 they should be going off to explore at universities. I think he brings up an interesting idea but I don’t agree with him. Unlike ter China, I’m using stereotypes right now, wij do not love working and studying all day long. Wij are not machine-like ter our work ethic strafgevangenis do wij have the drive to accept the challenge of taking firmer courses sooner. I think that if wij attempted to do what this guy- sorry I don’t want to look up his name- is telling it would be a disaster. At least for the very first twenty years, puinhoop would rule schoolgebouw grounds and children and teacher alike would be fuming. BUT, BUT, I beg to ask the question, what would toebijten after society had made the adjustments of beginning schooling earlier and the problems solved themselves? What would toebijten then, huh? Would it benefit our society if at age sixteen students were beginning collegium? This is a very harsh question because I cannot read the future. However, I think that our education system has its flaws but on a pass fail scale it sneaks by with a final grade of: PASS. BUT, BUT, let mij bring up an significant point: te America are wij pleased with our education system only achieving a PASS? What about a PASS+ or a PASS++? Wij may be doing an ok job at educating the youth and forming leaders for tomorrow but what if wij need to create leaders today? After all, the Europeans, Chinese, and Asians are hammering us out te several areas. Wij voorwaarde not fall behind, right? Heaven forbid India produce the next world renown cancer researcher and not America. Wij voorwaarde be better. Wij voorwaarde be quicker, more efficient, and ultimately THE BEST.
Now that I’ve established that our standards te America are out of the roof, let’s discuss how wij voorwaarde improve our education system so that wij can be at the very top ter every field of examine. I think the government needs to step te. Te what ways? Well, very first off they need to improve state schools (like IPS) by hiring-hold on let mij rephrase that- paying teachers that are more qualified and actually CARE. Te order to improve our teachers wij voorwaarde create committees which oversee the hiring/interviewing process of acquiring fresh teachers. I believe the government voorwaarde buttplug more funds into the schools that are towards the bottom echelon of schools te the US of A- it is joy telling it that way. Te other words, our lowest level needs to improve. I think the response is teachers.
My cause. Well . . . my cause is the Amani Foundation which supports Fresh Life Homes Orphanages te Kenya. Is education related to my cause? Of course! Education is indirectly related to basically everything. How am I able to type here on this webpagina? Education. What am I talking about? Education. See? It is my individual belief that education and thirst go forearm te forearm. How can children learn when they are thirsty? Fresh Life Homes Orphanages supports HIV/AIDS infected babies who grow and develop into children. Without the Godspeed of NLH, many of the children would not still be alive, let alone healthy and strong. So NLH prepares children with a foundation of medicine (to fight HIV/AIDS), food, and love. This combination puts children te homes where they will be able to pursue an education. Wij take so much for granted. Wij are born and our parents know that wij will be educated. It is almost a dumb question to ask. But te Kenya, when a child is born, the very first question asked is, Will they make it? The chances of that child receiving an education are often traumatized by HIV/AIDS, having only one or no parents, and lacking the basic necessities for survival (food and water). If a child can overcome thesis obstacles and reach the age of schooling then he/she voorwaarde hope they parent or guardian can afford paying for schoolgebouw. It is not fair. Wij are so privileged. Sometimes it makes mij sick to think about everything I have and how I do not appreciate it.
So my message is love LIVING, be grateful you are ter America, and if ter doubt, reaction a question by telling, “Education.” You may sound indeed clever.
Creativity, Imagination, and Jelly of the Month Club
I truly liked “shooting” our commercial and I like even better using the phrase “shooting our commercial” because it sounds so professional and legit. Maybe one day I will be able to actually “shoot” footage for a movie or documentary or whatever. The process for mij seemed very well mapped out. I loved having time ter class to work on developing our ideas and commence pulling pictures together and recording the voiceover for our commercials. I felt that since wij used our time ter class very effectively, wij did not have to spend hours and hours on the weekend or during the week at huis working on it. I did anyways. I liked using iMovie again, familiarizing myself with it, and improving my rusty abilities because it’s bot since the Hero Journey that I’ve used it. Ms. Haffley is the source of all good: note to self. I also think the abilities wij are using will serve us well down the road. Being able to waterput together a collection of pictures, movies, and music and coordinating them with text and visual effects is a skill that I think is very valuable. You can’t waterput a price tag on that. I liked how Ms. Haffley permitted us to be creative yet still be productive. By having us come up with pitches and share them to the class, I feel like wij were part of some big company and wij were on the advertising/marketing houtvezelplaat. It reminded mij ter a strange way of the Apprentice. Hier method of providing us the freedom to use our gifts and talents to make something worthwhile is nothing brief of inspiring. While other classes are bored out of their mind by sticking to the writing book week after week, wij are being challenged to think outside of the opbergruimte and wij are acquiring abilities of the likes which wij may not even recognize. I loved making our commercial, watching the final product and feeling a slight bit of satisfaction, and watching the interesting, weird, yet hilarious commercials that others made. I think of the line by Eddy te Christmas Vacation- the movie wasgoed on last weekend that’s why I’m thinking about it- where Clark is hoping to get a check with a yam-sized premie to voorkant the money he already waterput down for the fresh swimming pool but instead he receives a one year membership to the Jelly of the Month club. Eddie says, “Clark that’s the bounty that keeps on givin’ the entire year.”
Pictured from left to right, Nate Osborne, Eboo Patel, Dougie Barnard, respectively
This morning I had the pleasure of attending the Interfaith conference held at the Interfaith church of Indianapolis. I heard about the conference from Nate Osborne’s mom. Wij were having refrigerio on Sunday talking about the Kenya Club and she mentioned this interfaith conference at which wij would be able to give a brief presentation. I thought, wow, that could be truly cool, but what would I say? They invited us to come and share because of Nate’s work through the Kenya Carnival, which is a kid-led interfaith carnival which supports students through high schoolgebouw ter Chulaimbo, Kenya. That wasgoed our connection to this prestigious meeting. Merienda wij got the green light, all systems were a go. From there Nate and I met a few times to discuss our presentation. This morning Nate and his mom picked mij up at 7:45 to drive to the interfaith church for the 8:15 conference or get-together. When wij arrived I felt a little out-of-place. Wij walked ter and they asked for our names. They had a name-tag for each of us along with a packet of information. I felt so official, like I wasgoed someone significant or something. Then wij made our way up the stairs and into the slagroom where the gathering took place. There wasgoed an extravagant assortment of breakfast items and juices laid out upon numerous tables. I didn’t have the belly to even think about eating something. I wasgoed thinking about my talk and I had butterflies ter my tummy.
Mrs. Osborne has so many connections and she made hier rounds to greet everyone she knew and introduce us spil well. I felt like an absolute nobody. A nobody who happened to be wearing a gold, brebeuf says yes, ken-ya help us t-shirt. After walking around for a bit, Nate and I determined to scope out our seats. Wij found three open seats ter the vooraanzicht row and parked there. Let mij describe this slagroom to you- it wasgoed an old fashioned wooden slagroom with stain glass windows along one side of the wall. It had a cozy, taut knit vibe. There were rows of chairs lined up all facing the pui of the slagroom where there wasgoed a toneel and a screen along with a projector. I also noticed a ginormous camera set up facing the toneelpodium with the microphone. There wasgoed an American flag standing tall against the wall ter the vuurlijn of the slagroom.
Spil I wasgoed listening to a few of the opening speakers, I had the sense that I wasgoed at some sort of presidential election because of the microphone, toneelpodium, flag, and large mega tripod movie camera. It wasgoed so cool. There wasgoed an older lady who spoke about world peace and she closed by reading a beautiful poem te hier European accent. At least it sounded beautiful- I couldn’t fairly make out all of the words because of hier unique accent. But everyone else te the audience seemed to get a kick out of it, so it voorwaarde have bot a pretty good poem.
Another speaker wasgoed the Dean of Social justice at Indiana University. He spoke about his efforts to pursue ongoing efforts for various movements centered around justice. I wasgoed fairly struck by his words. I felt that he spoke with dignity and power. He introduced one of his friends whose name is Klaus (kuh-lao-se). Klaus is from Cologne, Germany. He looks like the cutest man you have everzwijn seen te your entire life. He seems to be about 75 and walks with his head kleintje of down. He has sort of a hunch overheen stance. He is always smiling. He radiates joy. Anyway, so the dean of social work at IU spoke a few words about Klaus. He said that he had met Klaus many years ago at a conference for world peace. He spoke to Klaus for a few minutes and wasgoed touched by his vision. Klaus tugged the cover sleeve of the dean and said to him, you are going to make a difference te the world through your work ter Indiana. The dean wasgoed very moved and maintained a relationship with Klaus even after they parted ways. After the dean finished talking about Klaus, he walked overheen and talent Klaus a token of appreciation for the work he has done via his lifetime to promote world peace. It wasgoed demonstrable that this act of graciousness touched Klaus. He proceeded to treatment the microphone. When he spoke, I wasgoed absolutely amazed by his accent. It wasgoed unlike any other accent I have everzwijn heard before. The way he spoke wasgoed of the utmost sincerity. His tone of language wasgoed of gentle love. He even gasped up when talking about his vision for world peace. It wasgoed one of the most encantador things I have everzwijn seen.
The next speaker wasgoed the advisor to Viejo Ballard. This strong, tall black man wasgoed yet another awesome public speaker. He collective many of the ideas of Viejo Ballard and how they are working to form our community. Their objective is for Indianapolis to become a world renown center for social switch ter this world. I have to say, it wasgoed pretty moving. I accurately liked his talk. He then introduced the man behind organizing the conference who spoke about what a pleasure it wasgoed to have so many people here today. Next he invited four students from Immaculate Heart of Mary to come up and share about their practices with their diversity dialogue.
After they collective it wasgoed time for mij and Nate. The ogenblik wij had bot waiting for. It wasgoed spil if a wave of pressure crashed into mij. But no need to fear, this wasgoed no different than standing up to give a speech te Mr. Hick’s class right? After listening to a multitude of powerful speakers, I seemed a bit humbled which made the butterflies ter my tummy flap around even more rapidly. But I have always had a way with public speaking. I get jumpy before mitt, which is natural, but when my ogenblik comes, I shine. I feel very comfy ter that uur, when all eyes are on mij and I have a chance to let my light shine. It is such a thrilling experience- public speaking. Especially at this occasion because I had never spoke at an event with so much class and sophistication. It wasgoed truly an honor. Nate spoke very first and then turned it overheen to mij. I remembered all of the points ter my speech and even threw te a quote from Margaret Meade to close it: “Never doubt that a petite group of thoughtful, committed people can switch the world. Indeed it is the only thing that everzwijn has.” Prosperidad. haha.
The next speaker wasgoed the reason why all of us attended this conference. His name is Eboo Patel. He is one of the two Muslims on the faith advisory houtvezelplaat for Obama. To sum up his speech, let’s just say I wasgoed swept off of my feet. I wasgoed gargled away. I had tears ter my eyes. I gazed at him with the utmost respect and admiration, noticing how the zon reflected through the stained glass windows to make his face glow a bright yellow. I had an awakening, a realization, a stirring of emotions inwards of mij to the likes of which I had never experienced before. I have never heard a more powerful speech ter my entire life. His language, eloquence, matter-of-fact manner, wit, intelligence, and passion all came together to take the listener on such a fine rail. He led us back into history and frequently took us inbetween the past and present. I wasgoed astounded by his vast skill of people, books, movement, and faiths. If only you had bot there. I swear to you, it would have deep throated you away. After listening to him speak (it wasgoed 45 minutes long) every single person ter the slagroom spotted very first arm why this boy is on Obama’s faith advisory houtvezelplaat. He is brilliant. I want to go into his speech but it would be a lengthy discussion. So I’ll give you the message of his speech te shortened form. Just spil wij were ripped bijzonder spil a country by the color line (étnico segregation) 60 years ago, so are wij now ripped speciaal today by the faith line. Interfaith world peace is of primary importance today. And he talent facts, gegevens, stories from books, private practices, and hundreds of inspiring phrases along with that. I want to get the movie of his speech. I would love to observe it again and share it with others.
After hearing Eboo speak, I thought about the diversity and religious differences wij have at Brebeuf. I recently attended the diversity dialogue at Brebeuf to attempt to tackle some of thesis issues. One point I would like to make is this: Diversity is not always a positive thing. Our schoolgebouw is looking to increase its diversity but unless wij foster attitudes of love and acceptance of different religious and étnico groups, diversity can actually rip us speciaal. When I think back to Eboo’s speech, I recall him telling that gegevens shows that if a person has a positive practice with a different faith tradition, they are likely to view that faith tradition spil a entire te a much better light. Albeit Brebeuf is a Catholic Jesuit preparatory schoolgebouw, wij have students from several different faith traditions. It is significant for us to recognize that spil a student bod, wij are predominantly Jewish and Christian. Wij have all schoolgebouw masses, Christian prayer overheen the announcements, mass served during the prt’s, and wij recognize Jewish holidays. When it comes to Islam, I believe that wij do not make enough of an effort to include it and learn more about it. Aside from eyeing the names of significant Muslim holidays ter our assignment notebooks, I feel that the religion is excluded from our daily lives spil much spil possible. I know that wij are a Catholic schoolgebouw, but let’s work towards developing positive practices with the religion of Islam. Te doing so, wij will be open to growth and wij will exhibit interfaith values. Eboo Patel spoke about his visit to Franklin collegium the day before. He visioned the voorzitter of Franklin collegium wiggling the arms of his students on graduation day. He asked us, wouldn’t it be nice if the the voorzitter could look into the eyes of every single student graduating and know that they exhibited interfaith values? That would be incredible. To know that every student had bot exposed to positive practices with other faith traditions and would proceed to be leaders and preachers te the future.
Eboo addressed the kwestie of religious differences by telling that there are four ways to overeenkomst with them. The very first is a Bubble of Isolation. Wij can bubble ourselves within our own faith traditions and voorkant our ears from the views of other religions. The 2nd treatment is a Barrier of Division. Wij can acknowledge that others adore differently than us and use that difference to separate ourselves from those people. The third is a Bomb of Destruction. If you turn on the news or read the newspaper, you will notice that every single day people use faith spil a means of violence. Do you everzwijn notice that thesis suicide bombers are always inbetween 18-24 years old? This isn’t a coincidence. The extremist groups are targeting the youth. They are brainwashing kids from an early age to view differences ter religion with hatred and hostility. The fourth method of dealing with religious differences is a Bridge of Cooperation. This is the way wij wish to overeenkomst with all sorts of religious conflict/difference. Te order to work together for the common good not only spil a country but spil a human wedstrijd, it is vivo for us to overeenkomst decently with differences te faith/adore. World peace is the ultimate purpose. Al-Qaeda is our enemy. For every meeting wij hold for interfaith prosperity and world peace, there are five meetings occurring via the world to promote wars and violence based off of religion. Let mij make this clear, wij are not contesting on frío ground. They are winning right now. It is our job to spread messages of love and cooperation through interfaith dialogue. Through our words and deeds wij vereiste work and encourage others to work towards making religious differences into a Bridge of Cooperation.
One of the coolest moments of the day wasgoed when Eboo talent a shout out to mij and Nate. I will never leave behind it. The very first thing he said when he got up there wasgoed that he wasgoed gonna deepthroat us up on twitter (he pointed to us- ter the gevelbreedte row) because he wasgoed mad inspired by us. I couldn’t even believe it. It wasgoed a fantasy. After he spoke Nate and I waited te line to talk to him. He is such a incredible human being. I need a poster of him to string up up ter my bedroom. He is hero of mine. Nate and I also got a picture with him. Pictures last forever. I will never leave behind it.
I took so much out of this practice. After hearing Eboo speak, wij had a pauze ter which everyone walked around, spoke to each other, and grabbed muffins or juice. I can’t tell you how good it felt to have people patstelling mij and Nate on the back and say, you guys are incredible. There were random people who wij had never met before that came up and beginning talking to us. The quality of the people at this petite get together/conference wasgoed out of this world. I mean it wasgoed just phenomenal. I wasgoed ter awe. There wasgoed one lady ter particular that stood out to mij. Hier name is Julie Singer. She is about 25-30 years old. She approached mij, introduced herself, and asked mij about visiting Kenya. She wasgoed very intrigued and she took mij by verrassing when she said, I’m fluent ter Swahili. I go, WHATTTTTTTTT! Instantaneously my jaw dropped and my perspective of this stud just went out of the roof. I wasgoed fascinated to learn that she minored ter African studies and has traveled to several countries ter Africa. But for hier to be fluent te Swahili, the language spoken ter Kenya, that is just too ideal. I said Train mij. She said, I would love to. I wasgoed also astonished to hear from hier that Swahili isn’t truly that difficult of a language to learn. And she told mij, You will be astonished how struck the Kenyans will be when you open your mouth and speak their language. She said they will absolutely love you. So I got hier card and I may email hier to set up a time for hier to instruct mij how to form some sentences te Swahili. I cannot wait! Te my head I can picture myself standing te vooraanzicht of a classroom of students and speaking a paragraph te Swahili (which I memorized) to just gargle them away. I want to do that this summer so badly! And Julie Singer will help mij get there.
One more thing that I learned is to not judge people. From very first glance, and from very first impression, I wasgoed a little skeptical of Julie. When I very first shook hier mitt, and smelled hier cigarette breath which encompassed mij, I thought of hier ter not the nicest way. But after talking to hier, I realized that judging a person before you get to know them is such a shame. Because boy i would’ve missed out on an incredible female te Julie Singer. It is such a lesson to be learned. It is so effortless for us to form opinions te our goes of a person based off of appearance when it is the personality that truly matters. So I challenge myself from this point forwards to take the time to get to know each person that I can. The person who will touch our hearts and indeed make an influence on our lives will often be the person wij least expect to.
Thank you Julie for training mij about love. you were a stranger to mij and only five minutes straks, I felt I had known you for many years. The power of love is remarkable
IMiS/ARChive Server enables the archiving of unlimited quantities of binary objects (scanned documents, files, emails). It is used spil an individual digital archive for storing objects from various applications. The security of archived objects is provided by state-of-the-art algorithms for encryption. Extra security mechanisms are an audit trail for determining the activities on archived objects and the setting up of a secondary location for ensuring high availability of the archive system.
It provides all modern technological security methods te order to avoid unauthorised accesses to the content. When the content is archived, a unique, encrypted identifier (ID) is created for the content. Traffic inbetween the client and server is encrypted using the advanced AES-256 algorithms and adequate mechanisms (TLS).
The IMiS/ARChive Server enables the hierarchy of entities (classes, folders and documents) ter the classification scheme. The amount of class and folder levels is practically unlimited and can vary ter the individual parts of the archive.
Each class, folder and document te the archive has its own classification code, which is unique for the entire archive. The code is assigned upon creation and cannot be altered, unless the entity has bot moved within the classification scheme (re-classification). According to the settings, the fully qualified classification code is automatically assigned by the server or the user can by hand come in a part of the code.
A user with suitable rights can assign a list of rights (Access Control Lists – ACL) to an user or user group, to access the content or metadata. When necessary, he can also determine roles, which are a group of rights for performing individual operations (AuditLogQuery, Transfer, Reports, etc.).
The Access Control List includes explicit permissions or prohibitions, which can also be time-limited. Together with inherited rights they determine effective rights.
The effective rights enable the user to create, edit and delete content, switch ACL, stir content te the classification scheme and manage security classes and status. The rights to access metadata enable the user to additionally manage the approvals and confinements for reading, writing, creating and deleting of non-public metadata.
To be able to see the content, the user security class level has to be at least the same spil the security class of the content (which has bot explicitly defined or inherited).
If that is not the case, the user cannot work with the content te any case and checking the rights for accessing the classes, folders and documents cannot be performed.
Authenticity of the content, subject to long-term archiving is secured using the standardised concept of the evidence record syntax (ERS te XML form according to RFC 6283) and recommendations of the LTANS (Long-Term Archive and Notary Services) for checking integrity.
The key processes for ensuring long-term authenticity of content are the processes of generating and renewing proofs (hash, electronic signature with digital certificate, timestamp).
The archival information package (AIP) is created by the IMiS/ARChive Server for all folders and documents, which are subject to authenticity proces. The AIP is a summary of the metadata and content of the entity ter XML form. Every AIP, archival server processes and calculates the hash. From calculated hashes of individual AIPs, a hash tree (Merkle tree) is created and a root hash is created and timestamped. The Merkle tree can be used to timestamp a package with a large number of content and therefore considerably rationalizes the proof generation process.
The proofs are automatically renewed before the digital certificate of the created timestamp expires or the deterioration of the degree of security of a hashing algorithm is foreseen.
When validity of certificate is limited, the Merkle tree is created. Through the hashing process, AIP hashes and timestamps that are about to expire are added. By timestamping the root hash of the Merkle tree, proof of existence of the AIP is created and validity of timestamps that are about to expire is renewed.
When security of the algorithm is limited, fresh hashes are calculated for each AIP and their proofs, for which the algorithm used wasgoed unreliable. Merged hashes are then added to the Merkle tree. The root hash is created from the hash tree and is timestamped. This process ensures reliability of the AIP and all the proofs associated.
The user can search the entities te the digital archive by metadata and the content by utter text (Utter text Index, FTS). The search can apply only to the selected classes or folders and its content (recursive).
One or more search queries that are separated with logical operators are used to conduct search by metadata. The search implement permits searching by initial string or an arbitrary substring of the searched value and is case insensitive. The user can also search by the title of content files. The utter text search is performed by the content te text format. Search results demonstrate content descriptions spil well. The user only sees content that meet the search criteria, security class of the content, user security class level and access rights (ACL). All other content remain hidden even if they meet search criteria.
The audit trail is a chronological record of accesses, events and switches made ter the IMiS/ARChive Server. The audit trail is downright immutable via its entire life cycle and it is protected against both authorized and unauthorized interventions.
Only users with suitable access rights can access the audit trail and it is clearly introduced. The user with adequate access rights can perform audit trail queries according to: event dates, IP-addresses, user names, pc names and list of encoded unique entity identifiers. The audit trail can be exported or it can be transferred to a different archival system together with the content.
Haul and Druppel is used for archiving emails. The user selects emails from the email client and transfers them to the suitable location ter the classification scheme ter the form of an EML opstopping. A fresh document ter the llamativo form with all metadata and attachments is created.
The archive server enables invoer, uitvoer and transfer of content te the form of a XML opstopping.
The user with adequate rights can uitvoer the entire classification scheme or only a certain part.
Together with the content, metadata are exported. The audit trail and extra metadata can be optionally exported spil well.
Mass capture (invoer) is most commonly used for adding large quantities of content to the digital archive. It is used when the content is scanned externally or ter case of migration of the content from other archive systems. Using adequate contraptions, the administrator classifies the content and metadata under the root class of the classification scheme or under the selected class or folder.
Transferring content includes: exporting content, importing of exported content to a different archive server, importing approval, saving report and deleting transferred content.
The invoer, uitvoer or transfer reports include information about their execution and potential errors. Reports of search results by audit trail and deleted content spil well spil the various statistics are also available. Only users with adequate user rights can view the reports.
Content can be printed using the default application. The classification scheme for the entire archive or only for the included classes or folders can be printed spil well. Additionally, printing of metadata, security settings and content features is available for the selected class, folder or document.
Integration of applications with the IMiS/ARChive Server is enabled through the IMiS/StorageConnector API.
When the IMIS/ARChive Server Version 9 is used, DMS, ERP, CRM, BPM or other application can perform the following operations: opening the archive, retrieval of public gegevens about the content, creating, opening, moving and deleting content, reading and switching content, archiving content, delivering information for the audit trail, searching the archive etc.
According to the integration areas required, the .Nipt and Java applications developers add methods to the adequate locations te the application.
Koncno sem lahko nagradil svoj iPod touch na firmware 1.1.Four, saj jou Zibri prilagodil svojo aplikacijo ZiPhone, zij po Ten minutah, ko jij dobil svojega iPoda. Postopek jouw naslednji:
Related movie: Deposit Payeer di yobit
najprej si potegnite dol firmware 1.1.Four te program ZiPhone
ingénito odprite iTunes, drzite tipko “Shift” te kliknite gumb “Restore”, ter izberite firmware 1.1.Four
potem, ko jou iPod ponastavljen zazenite ZiPhone te kliknite pri sekciji Jailbreak – iPod touch
pustite, da program opravi svoje
voila! imate odklenjenega toucha
Seveda ste zij vsi slisali o programckih (Mail, Maps, Weather, Stocks), ki pridejo nativno z novim touchem, a prejsnji kupci moramo zanje placati $20. Vader zakaj bisexual, ce jih lahko aktivirate zastonj. Postopek jij sledec:
Cestitam imate popolnoma odklenjen iPod touch! ??
jan dei povei mie ka to pomen sploh da odklenes toucha ka ti to omogoca vader to ka sploh to nardi touchu.
@luka: to jouw bilo zij povedano tukaj.
uuu sorry nisn zasledu hwala=)
ker firware moras imeti da lahko naredis tole
aja vader se nekaj ziphone listig ne dela na tej strani ni tega downloada
imam ipod touch 1.1.0 no prvo verzijo zdej ce ga hocm odklent na 1.1.Four morem it postopoma do 1.1.Four nu lahk kr direkt tko k si ti napisu prosm res rabm odgovor k nocm zafrknt d se pol se przgal ne bisexual slucajno…Ubistvu mij sam zanima a jouw vazn kero verzijo imas firmware k ta postopek izveds lp.hvala za odgovor zij v naprej
@abdul: sledi korakom zapisanim zgoraj ?? ja, moras imeti firmware 1.1.Four te vedi, da ko woud restoral se ti bo izbrisala VSA vsebina.
hvala jan delalo jou tako krot si povedat.imam samo plus problem ne morem instalirati PDF Viewer vedno mie napise failed downloading package vse ostalo k sm hotu jij instaliral uredu…in se eno vprasanje ce hocm ipod povrniti v orginalno stanje ko se ni bil jealbrekan grem samo v itunes ter kliknm resto ali moram narediti se kaj drugega…odgovor mie lahko posljes tudi na mail…najlepsa hvala za odgovor
jan hvala za odziv vendar sem popravil zadevo verjames ali ne zelo veliko ljudi ima z firmwerom 1.1.Four kar se tice instalacije programov ingénito vader mij jou presenetil sosed ki dela pri applu ter lej ga zlomka on ima odklenjen telefon ter mihoen zaupal resitev ki deluje za vse aplikacije ce se vam noce kaksna zagnati da bisexual jo lahko instalirali….fora jouw v tem da osvezite sources postopek jou tak…
Clear your Installer queue (just go to install any app, but click ‘Clear Queue’ instead of Install)
Installer >, Install >, Sources >, Community Sources >, Install
(Your sources will refresh)
vem da se slisi prevec enostavno vendar deluje najlepsa hvala tebi jan te vader mojemu sosedu ki jouw delil to informacijo z mano…upam da bo se komu olajsalo instalacijo programa…lep pozdrav
@abdul: malenkost ter hvala tebi za to informacijo ??
zadnjic sm dal slovenski paket pod sources te vse lahko nalozim gor razn crkovalnika za slovenscino vedno mie napise main script execution faield ima kdo kaksno idejo kako bisexual to lahko se namestil gor…drugace mihoen vse instalacije v installerju delajo, tako da jouw to osamlej primer..obrnu sem se na forum ter so mie rekli naj ponovno installiram installers sem ga vendar spet isto vse jou delalo woeden tega ali lahko sam vrzes slovar v ipod ter kje bisexual ga dobil
kaksen slovenski paket? ?? daj source ??
iphone.slovenskipaket.informatie to dej v sources klikn parkrat refresh
po paps pejt pogledat pod paketke te mas prov slovenski paket a slucajno ves kako se izklopi crkovalnik ker mihoen gre res na zivce ko mie v anglescini popravla besede
o hvala ?? uh, ima vader kar ceno za prevod slo vmesnika ?? drugace sem paps to zij jaz nekaj zase pravajal te ne explosief kupil ??
za tisto pejdi paps pod Tweaks -> Kb, potem vader v Settings -> Universal -> Keyboard -> Enable Autocorrection
ei kako si nalozim movie ali muziko na i pod touch?
A prog. ZiPhone nalozim preko itunesa v ipod? Tam ni ziphone software,kje ga lahko najdem?
V objavi klikni na besedo ZiPhone, ki jij povezava do software.
a bo delovalo tudi na 1.1.Trio
SUPER!Tud meni jou uspelo,kljub neprevec velikemu znanju. DELUJE!Hvala vsem,ki se trudite. Vader se brezplacno.
Kako naj dobim slo tipkovnico te zakaj ne dela BLUETOOTH.
Lahko kdo pomaga?
Aja,paps se MMS mie ne gre,poskusam a ne uspe!
mene vader zanima kje jouw ta Installer
kaksna vader jou verzija ob nakupu ipod toucha… kuko paps pridem pol do 1.1.Four. prosm povejte
a mie lahko kdo poveda ce se da priklopit ipod touch na internet ki ga imam na racunalniku doma?
ter kako se to nardi
alreeds so kaksne nastavitve alhoewel kako.
Dejte fantje se guys sjablone pomagat.
Kje jij ta instaler.
nikjer ga ne najdem
ja za ta instaler ne vem kje jij.
jaz sem ga samo odklenil na firmware 1.1.Four
mslm paps da mas ti zij vse te aplikacije gor od vremena ter tako dalje.
vsaj jaz sem mel.
ce mam na ipodu verzijo 1.1.Five lahko odklenem po navodilih za 1.1.Four?
raje pogooglaj za odklepanje na 1.1.Five, zakaj vader ne bisexual nadgradil/a na zadnji OS Two.Two, ki prinasa res ogromno novega? res paps da jij treba imeti za registracijo v iTunes kreditno kartico Visa/Master Card, toda ce nic ne kupis, ti nic dol ne jemljejo. ??
ne zazene mie ipoda napise da rabi konfiguracijo
zanima mij ce jouw se kaksna moznost da dijk glasbo v ipod poleg iTunsa
A fresh release of Python, version Two.0, wasgoed released on October 16, 2000. This article covers the titillating fresh features te Two.0, highlights some other useful switches, and points out a few incompatible switches that may require rewriting code.
Python’s development never entirely stops inbetween releases, and a constant flow of bug fixes and improvements are always being submitted. A host of minor fixes, a few optimizations, extra docstrings, and better error messages went into Two.0, to list them all would be unlikely, but they’re certainly significant. Raadpleging the publicly-available CVS logs if you want to see the total list. This progress is due to the five developers working for PythonLabs are now getting paid to spend their days fixing bugs, and also due to the improved communication resulting from moving to SourceForge.
What About Python 1.6?
Python 1.6 can be thought of spil the Contractual Obligations Python release. After the core development team left CNRI te May 2000, CNRI requested that a 1.6 release be created, containing all the work on Python that had bot performed at CNRI. Python 1.6 therefore represents the state of the CVS tree spil of May 2000, with the most significant fresh feature being Unicode support. Development continued after May, of course, so the 1.6 tree received a few fixes to ensure that it’s forward-compatible with Python Two.0. 1.6 is therefore part of Python’s evolution, and not a side branch.
So, should you take much rente te Python 1.6? Very likely not. The 1.6final and Two.0beta1 releases were made on the same day (September Five, 2000), the project being to finalize Python Two.0 within a month or so. If you have applications to maintain, there seems little point ter cracking things by moving to 1.6, fixing them, and then having another round of breakage within a month by moving to Two.0, you’re better off just going straight to Two.0. Most of the truly interesting features described ter this document are only te Two.0, because a loterijlot of work wasgoed done inbetween May and September.
Fresh Development Process
The most significant switch ter Python Two.0 may not be to the code at all, but to how Python is developed: te May 2000 the Python developers began using the instruments made available by SourceForge for storing source code, tracking bug reports, and managing the queue of patch submissions. To report bugs or submit patches for Python Two.0, use the bug tracking and patch manager devices available from Python’s project pagina, located at http://sourceforge.televisiekanaal/projects/python/.
The most significant of the services now hosted at SourceForge is the Python CVS tree, the version-controlled repository containing the source code for Python. Previously, there were toughly 7 or so people who had write access to the CVS tree, and all patches had to be studied and checked ter by one of the people on this brief list. Obviously, this wasn’t very scalable. By moving the CVS tree to SourceForge, it became possible to grant write access to more people, spil of September 2000 there were 27 people able to check ter switches, a fourfold increase. This makes possible large-scale switches that wouldn’t be attempted if they’d have to be filtered through the petite group of core developers. For example, one day Peter Schneider-Kamp took it into his head to druppel K&R C compatibility and convert the C source for Python to ANSI C. After getting approval on the python-dev mailing list, he launched into a flurry of checkins that lasted about a week, other developers joined ter to help, and the job wasgoed done. If there were only Five people with write access, very likely that task would have bot viewed spil “nice, but not worth the time and effort needed” and it would never have gotten done.
The shift to using SourceForge’s services has resulted te a remarkable increase ter the speed of development. Patches now get submitted, commented on, revised by people other than the llamativo submitter, and bounced back and forward inbetween people until the patch is deemed worth checking te. Bugs are tracked ter one central location and can be assigned to a specific person for fixing, and wij can count the number of open bugs to measure progress. This didn’t come without a cost: developers now have more e-mail to overeenkomst with, more mailing lists to go after, and special contraptions had to be written for the fresh environment. For example, SourceForge sends default patch and bug notification e-mail messages that are totally unhelpful, so Ka-Ping Yee wrote an HTML screen-scraper that sends more useful messages.
The ease of adding code caused a few initial growing agonies, such spil code wasgoed checked te before it wasgoed ready or without getting clear agreement from the developer group. The approval process that has emerged is somewhat similar to that used by the Apache group. Developers can vote +1, +0, -0, or -1 on a patch, +1 and -1 denote acceptance or rejection, while +0 and -0 mean the developer is mostly indifferent to the switch, tho’ with a slight positive or negative slant. The most significant switch from the Apache specimen is that the voting is essentially advisory, letting Guido van Rossum, who has Benevolent Dictator For Life status, know what the normal opinion is. He can still overlook the result of a vote, and approve or reject a switch even if the community disagrees with him.
Producing an presente patch is the last step te adding a fresh feature, and is usually effortless compared to the earlier task of coming up with a good vormgeving. Discussions of fresh features can often explode into lengthy mailing list threads, making the discussion hard to go after, and no one can read every posting to python-dev. Therefore, a relatively formal process has bot set up to write Python Enhancement Proposals (PEPs), modelled on the Internet RFC process. PEPs are draft documents that describe a proposed fresh feature, and are continually revised until the community reaches a overeenstemming, either accepting or rejecting the proposal. Quoting from the introduction to PEP 1, “PEP Purpose and Guidelines”:
PEP stands for Python Enhancement Proposal. A PEP is a vormgeving document providing information to the Python community, or describing a fresh feature for Python. The PEP should provide a concise technical specification of the feature and a rationale for the feature.
Wij intend PEPs to be the primary mechanisms for proposing fresh features, for collecting community input on an punt, and for documenting the vormgeving decisions that have gone into Python. The PEP author is responsible for building overeenstemming within the community and documenting dissenting opinions.
Read the surplus of PEP 1 for the details of the PEP editorial process, style, and format. PEPs are kept ter the Python CVS tree on SourceForge, tho’ they’re not part of the Python Two.0 distribution, and are also available ter HTML form from http://www.python.org/peps/. Spil of September 2000, there are 25 PEPS, ranging from PEP 201, “Lockstep Iteration”, to PEP 225, “Elementwise/Objectwise Operators”.
The largest fresh feature ter Python Two.0 is a fresh fundamental gegevens type: Unicode strings. Unicode uses 16-bit numbers to represent characters instead of the 8-bit number used by ASCII, meaning that 65,536 distinct characters can be supported.
The final interface for Unicode support wasgoed arrived at through uncountable often- stormy discussions on the python-dev mailing list, and mostly implemented by Marc-André Lemburg, based on a Unicode string type implementation by Fredrik Lundh. A detailed explanation of the interface wasgoed written up spil PEP 100, “Python Unicode Integration”. This article will simply voorkant the most significant points about the Unicode interfaces.
Te Python source code, Unicode strings are written spil u",string", . Arbitrary Unicode characters can be written using a fresh escape sequence, \uHHHH , where HHHH is a 4-digit hexadecimal number from 0000 to FFFF. The existing \xHHHH escape sequence can also be used, and octal escapes can be used for characters up to U+01FF, which is represented by \777 .
Unicode strings, just like regular strings, are an immutable sequence type. They can be indexed and sliced, but not modified ter place. Unicode strings have an encode( [encoding] ) method that comes back an 8-bit string te the desired encoding. Encodings are named by strings, such spil ‘ascii’ , ‘utf-8’ , ‘iso-8859-1’ , or whatever. A codec API is defined for implementing and registering fresh encodings that are then available across a Python program. If an encoding isn’t specified, the default encoding is usually 7-bit ASCII, however it can be switched for your Python installation by calling the sys.setdefaultencoding(encoding)() function ter a customised version of webpagina.py .
Combining 8-bit and Unicode strings always coerces to Unicode, using the default ASCII encoding, the result of ‘a’ + u’bc’ is u’alfabet’ .
Fresh built-in functions have bot added, and existing built-ins modified to support Unicode:
unichr(ch) comebacks a Unicode string 1 character long, containing the character ch.
ord(u) , where u is a 1-character regular or Unicode string, comes back the number of the character spil an rechtschapen.
unicode(string [, encoding] [, errors] ) creates a Unicode string from an 8-bit string. encoding is a string naming the encoding to use. The errors parameter specifies the treatment of characters that are invalid for the current encoding, passing ‘rigorous’ spil the value causes an exception to be raised on any encoding error, while ‘disregard’ causes errors to be silently overlooked and ‘substitute’ uses U+FFFD, the official replacement character, te case of any problems.
The exec statement, and various built-ins such spil eval() , getattr() , and setattr() will also accept Unicode strings spil well spil regular strings. (It’s possible that the process of fixing this missed some built-ins, if you find a built-in function that accepts strings but doesn’t accept Unicode strings at all, please report it spil a bug.)
A fresh module, unicodedata , provides an interface to Unicode character properties. For example, unicodedata.category(u’A’) comes back the 2-character string ‘Lu’, the ‘L’ denoting it’s a letterteken, and ‘u’ meaning that it’s uppercase. unicodedata.bidirectional(u’\u0660′) comebacks ‘AN’, meaning that U+0660 is an Arabic number.
The codecs module contains functions to look up existing encodings and register fresh ones. Unless you want to implement a fresh encoding, you’ll most often use the codecs.lookup(encoding)() function, which comebacks a 4-element tuple: (encode_func, decode_func, stream_reader, stream_writer) .
encode_func is a function that takes a Unicode string, and comebacks a 2-tuple (string, length) . string is an 8-bit string containing a portion (perhaps all) of the Unicode string converted into the given encoding, and length tells you how much of the Unicode string wasgoed converted.
decode_func is the opposite of encode_func, taking an 8-bit string and returning a 2-tuple (ustring, length) , consisting of the resulting Unicode string ustring and the oprecht length telling how much of the 8-bit string wasgoed consumed.
stream_reader is a class that supports decoding input from a stream. stream_reader(file_obj) comebacks an object that supports the read() , readline(), and readlines() methods. Thesis methods will all translate from the given encoding and comeback Unicode strings.
stream_writer, similarly, is a class that supports encoding output to a stream. stream_writer(file_obj) comebacks an object that supports the write() and writelines() methods. Thesis methods expect Unicode strings, translating them to the given encoding on output.
For example, the following code writes a Unicode string into a opstopping, encoding it spil UTF-8:
The following code would then read UTF-8 input from the verkeersopstopping:
Unicode-aware regular expressions are available through the re module, which has a fresh underlying implementation called SRE written by Fredrik Lundh of Secret Labs AB.
A -U directive line option wasgoed added which causes the Python compiler to interpret all string literals spil Unicode string literals. This is intended to be used te testing and future-proofing your Python code, since some future version of Python may druppel support for 8-bit strings and provide only Unicode strings.
Lists are a workhorse gegevens type te Python, and many programs manipulate a list at some point. Two common operations on lists are to loop overheen them, and either pick out the elements that meet a certain criterion, or apply some function to each factor. For example, given a list of strings, you might want to pull out all the strings containing a given substring, or disrobe off trailing whitespace from each line.
The existing schrijfmap() and filterzakje() functions can be used for this purpose, but they require a function spil one of their arguments. This is fine if there’s an existing built-in function that can be passed directly, but if there isn’t, you have to create a little function to do the required work, and Python’s scoping rules make the result ugly if the little function needs extra information. Take the very first example te the previous paragraph, finding all the strings ter the list containing a given substring. You could write the following to do it:
Because of Python’s scoping rules, a default argument is used so that the anonymous function created by the lambda statement knows what substring is being searched for. List comprehensions make this cleaner:
List comprehensions have the form:
The for . te clauses contain the sequences to be iterated overheen. The sequences do not have to be the same length, because they are not iterated overheen te parallel, but from left to right, this is explained more clearly ter the following paragraphs. The elements of the generated list will be the successive values of expression. The final if clause is optional, if present, expression is only evaluated and added to the result if condition is true.
To make the semantics very clear, a list comprehension is omschrijving to the following Python code:
This means that when there are numerous for . ter clauses, the resulting list will be equal to the product of the lengths of all the sequences. If you have two lists of length Trio, the output list is 9 elements long:
To avoid introducing an ambiguity into Python’s grammar, if expression is creating a tuple, it vereiste be surrounded with parentheses. The very first list comprehension below is a syntax error, while the 2nd one is onberispelijk:
The idea of list comprehensions originally comes from the functional programming language Haskell (http://www.haskell.org). Greg Ewing argued most effectively for adding them to Python and wrote the initial list comprehension patch, which wasgoed then discussed for a seemingly endless time on the python-dev mailing list and kept up-to-date by Skip Montanaro.
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Augmented assignment operators, another long-requested feature, have bot added to Python Two.0. Augmented assignment operators include += , -= , *= , and so forward. For example, the statement a += Two increments the value of the variable a by Two, omschrijving to the slightly lengthier a = a + Two .
The total list of supported assignment operators is += , -= , *= , /= , %= , **= , &= , |= , ^= , >,>,= , and <,<,= . Python classes can override the augmented assignment operators by defining methods named __iadd__() , __isub__() , etc. For example, the following Number class stores a number and supports using += to create a fresh example with an incremented value.
The __iadd__() special method is called with the value of the increment, and should comeback a fresh example with an appropriately modified value, this come back value is tied spil the fresh value of the variable on the left-hand side.
Augmented assignment operators were very first introduced ter the C programming language, and most C-derived languages, such spil awk, C++, Java, Perl, and PHP also support them. The augmented assignment patch wasgoed implemented by Thomas Wouters.
Until now string-manipulation functionality wasgoed te the string module, which wasgoed usually a front-end for the strop module written ter C. The addition of Unicode posed a difficulty for the strop module, because the functions would all need to be rewritten ter order to accept either 8-bit or Unicode strings. For functions such spil string.substitute() , which takes Three string arguments, that means eight possible permutations, and correspondingly complicated code.
Instead, Python Two.0 thrusts the problem onto the string type, making string manipulation functionality available through methods on both 8-bit strings and Unicode strings.
One thing that hasn’t switched, a noteworthy April Fools’ joke notwithstanding, is that Python strings are immutable. Thus, the string methods comeback fresh strings, and do not modify the string on which they operate.
The old string module is still around for rearwards compatibility, but it mostly acts spil a front-end to the fresh string methods.
Two methods which have no parallel ter pre-2.0 versions, albeit they did exist te JPython for fairly some time, are startswith() and endswith() . s.startswith(t) is omschrijving to s[:len(t)] == t , while s.endswith(t) is omschrijving to s[-len(t):] == t .
One other method which is worth special mention is join() . The join() method of a string receives one parameter, a sequence of strings, and is omschrijving to the string.join() function from the old string module, with the arguments reversed. Te other words, s.join(seq) is omschrijving to the old string.join(seq, s) .
Garbage Collection of Cycles
The C implementation of Python uses reference counting to implement garbage collection. Every Python object maintains a count of the number of references pointing to itself, and adjusts the count spil references are created or ruined. Merienda the reference count reaches zero, the object is no longer accessible, since you need to have a reference to an object to access it, and if the count is zero, no references exist any longer.
Reference counting has some pleasant properties: it’s effortless to understand and implement, and the resulting implementation is portable, fairly quick, and reacts well with other libraries that implement their own memory treating schemes. The major problem with reference counting is that it sometimes doesn’t realise that objects are no longer accessible, resulting ter a memory leak. This happens when there are cycles of references.
Consider the simplest possible cycle, a class example which has a reference to itself:
After the above two lines of code have bot executed, the reference count of example is Two, one reference is from the variable named ‘example’ , and the other is from the myself attribute of the example.
If the next line of code is del example , what happens? The reference count of example is decreased by 1, so it has a reference count of 1, the reference ter the myself attribute still exists. Yet the example is no longer accessible through Python code, and it could be deleted. Several objects can participate te a cycle if they have references to each other, causing all of the objects to be leaked.
Python Two.0 fixes this problem by periodically executing a cycle detection algorithm which looks for inaccessible cycles and deletes the objects involved. A fresh gc module provides functions to perform a garbage collection, obtain debugging statistics, and tuning the collector’s parameters.
Running the cycle detection algorithm takes some time, and therefore will result te some extra overhead. It is hoped that after wij’ve gotten practice with the cycle collection from using Two.0, Python Two.1 will be able to minimize the overhead with careful tuning. It’s not yet evident how much voorstelling is lost, because benchmarking this is tricky and depends crucially on how often the program creates and ruins objects. The detection of cycles can be disabled when Python is compiled, if you can’t afford even a little speed penalty or suspect that the cycle collection is buggy, by specifying the –without-cycle-gc switch when running the configure script.
Several people tackled this problem and contributed to a solution. An early implementation of the cycle detection treatment wasgoed written by Toby Kelsey. The current algorithm wasgoed suggested by Eric Tiedemann during a visit to CNRI, and Guido van Rossum and Neil Schemenauer wrote two different implementations, which were straks integrated by Neil. Lots of other people suggested suggestions along the way, the March 2000 archives of the python-dev mailing list contain most of the relevant discussion, especially ter the threads titled “Reference cycle collection for Python” and “Finalization again”.
Other Core Switches
Various minor switches have bot made to Python’s syntax and built-in functions. None of the switches are very far-reaching, but they’re handy conveniences.
Minor Language Switches
A fresh syntax makes it more convenient to call a given function with a tuple of arguments and/or a dictionary of keyword arguments. Te Python 1.Five and earlier, you’d use the apply() built-in function: apply(f, args, kw) calls the function f() with the argument tuple args and the keyword arguments ter the dictionary kw. apply() is the same ter Two.0, but thanks to a patch from Greg Ewing, f(*args, **kw) spil a shorter and clearer way to achieve the same effect. This syntax is symmetrical with the syntax for defining functions:
The print statement can now have its output directed to a file-like object by following the print with >,>, opstopping , similar to the redirection technicus ter Unix shells. Previously you’d either have to use the write() method of the file-like object, which lacks the convenience and simpleness of print , or you could assign a fresh value to sys.stdout and then restore the old value. For sending output to standard error, it’s much lighter to write this:
Modules can now be renamed on importing them, using the syntax invoer module spil name or from module invoer name spil othername . The patch wasgoed submitted by Thomas Wouters.
A fresh format style is available when using the % technicus, ‘%r’ will insert the repr() of its argument. This wasgoed also added from symmetry considerations, this time for symmetry with the existing ‘%s’ format style, which inserts the str() of its argument. For example, ‘%r %s’ % (‘alfabet’, ‘alfabet’) comes back a string containing ‘alfabet’ alfabet .
Previously there wasgoed no way to implement a class that overrode Python’s built-in ter technicus and implemented a custom-built version. obj te seq comebacks true if obj is present te the sequence seq, Python computes this by simply attempting every index of the sequence until either obj is found or an IndexError is encountered. Moshe Zadka contributed a patch which adds a __contains__() magic method for providing a custom-made implementation for te . Additionally, fresh built-in objects written ter C can define what te means for them via a fresh slot te the sequence protocol.
Earlier versions of Python used a recursive algorithm for deleting objects. Deeply nested gegevens structures could cause the interpreter to pack up the C stack and crash, Christian Tismer rewrote the deletion logic to fix this problem. On a related note, comparing recursive objects recursed infinitely and crashed, Jeremy Hylton rewrote the code to no longer crash, producing a useful result instead. For example, after this code:
The comparison a==b comebacks true, because the two recursive gegevens structures are isomorphic. See the thread “trashcan and PR#7” te the April 2000 archives of the python-dev mailing list for the discussion leading up to this implementation, and some useful relevant linksaf. Note that comparisons can now also raise exceptions. Te earlier versions of Python, a comparison operation such spil cmp(a,b) would always produce an response, even if a user-defined __cmp__() method encountered an error, since the resulting exception would simply be silently gulped.
Work has bot done on porting Python to 64-bit Windows on the Itanium processor, mostly by Trent Mick of ActiveState. (Confusingly, sys.toneelpodium is still ‘win32’ on Win64 because it seems that for ease of porting, MS Visual C++ treats code spil 32 bit on Itanium.) PythonWin also supports Windows CE, see the Python CE pagina at http://pythonce.sourceforge.netwerk/ for more information.
Another fresh podium is Darwin/MacOS X, initial support for it is te Python Two.0. Dynamic loading works, if you specify “configure -with-dyld -with-suffix=.x”. Raadpleging the README ter the Python source distribution for more instructions.
An attempt has bot made to alleviate one of Python’s warts, the often-confusing NameError exception when code refers to a específico variable before the variable has bot assigned a value. For example, the following code raises an exception on the print statement te both 1.Five.Two and Two.0, ter 1.Five.Two a NameError exception is raised, while Two.0 raises a fresh UnboundLocalError exception. UnboundLocalError is a subclass of NameError , so any existing code that expects NameError to be raised should still work.
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Two fresh exceptions, TabError and IndentationError , have bot introduced. They’re both subclasses of SyntaxError , and are raised when Python code is found to be improperly indented.
Switches to Built-in Functions
A fresh built-in, zip(seq1, seq2, . )() , has bot added. zip() comebacks a list of tuples where each tuple contains the i-th factor from each of the argument sequences. The difference inbetween zip() and ordner(None, seq1, seq2) is that ordner() pads the sequences with None if the sequences aren’t all of the same length, while zip() truncates the returned list to the length of the shortest argument sequence.
The int() and long() functions now accept an optional “base” parameter when the very first argument is a string. int(‘123’, Ten) comes back 123, while int(‘123’, 16) comes back 291. int(123, 16) raises a TypeError exception with the message “can’t convert non-string with explicit base”.
A fresh variable holding more detailed version information has bot added to the sys module. sys.version_info is a tuple (major, minor, micro, level, serial) For example, te a hypothetical Two.0.1beta1, sys.version_info would be (Two, 0, 1, ‘beta’, 1) . level is a string such spil ",alpha", , ",beta", , or ",final", for a final release.
Dictionaries have an odd fresh method, setdefault(key, default)() , which behaves similarly to the existing get() method. However, if the key is missing, setdefault() both comebacks the value of default spil get() would do, and also inserts it into the dictionary spil the value for key. Thus, the following lines of code:
can be diminished to a single come back dict.setdefault(key, ) statement.
The interpreter sets a maximum recursion depth te order to catch runaway recursion before packing the C stack and causing a core dump or GPF.. Previously this limit wasgoed immobilized when you compiled Python, but ter Two.0 the maximum recursion depth can be read and modified using sys.getrecursionlimit() and sys.setrecursionlimit() . The default value is 1000, and a rough maximum value for a given verhoging can be found by running a fresh script, Misc/find_recursionlimit.py .
Porting to Two.0
Fresh Python releases attempt hard to be compatible with previous releases, and the record has bot pretty good. However, some switches are considered useful enough, usually because they fix initial vormgeving decisions that turned out to be actively mistaken, that cracking backward compatibility can’t always be avoided. This section lists the switches te Python Two.0 that may cause old Python code to pauze.
The switch which will most likely pauze the most code is tightening up the arguments accepted by some methods. Some methods would take numerous arguments and treat them spil a tuple, particularly various list methods such spil append() and insert() . Ter earlier versions of Python, if L is a list, L.append( 1,Two ) appends the tuple (1,Two) to the list. Ter Python Two.0 this causes a TypeError exception to be raised, with the message: ‘append requires exactly 1 argument, Two given’. The fix is to simply add an reserve set of parentheses to pass both values spil a tuple: L.append( (1,Two) ) .
The earlier versions of thesis methods were more forgiving because they used an old function te Python’s C interface to parse their arguments, Two.0 modernizes them to use PyArg_ParseTuple() , the current argument parsing function, which provides more helpful error messages and treats multi-argument calls spil errors. If you absolutely voorwaarde use Two.0 but can’t fix your code, you can edit Objects/listobject.c and define the preprocessor symbol NO_STRICT_LIST_APPEND to preserve the old behaviour, this isn’t recommended.
Some of the functions te the socket module are still forgiving te this way. For example, socket.connect( (‘hostname’, 25) )() is the juist form, passing a tuple indicating an IP address, but socket.connect( ‘hostname’, 25 )() also works. socket.connect_ex() and socket.tie() are similarly easy-going. Two.0alpha1 tightened thesis functions up, but because the documentation actually used the erroneous numerous argument form, many people wrote code which would pauze with the stricter checking. GvR backed out the switches te the face of public reaction, so for the socket module, the documentation wasgoed immovable and the numerous argument form is simply marked spil deprecated, it will be tightened up again te a future Python version.
The \x escape te string literals now takes exactly Two hex digits. Previously it would consume all the hex digits following the ‘x’ and take the lowest 8 onaardig of the result, so \x123456 wasgoed omschrijving to \x56 .
The AttributeError and NameError exceptions have a more friendly error message, whose text will be something like ‘Spam’ example has no attribute ‘eggs’ or name ‘eggs’ is not defined . Previously the error message wasgoed just the missing attribute name eggs , and code written to take advantage of this fact will pauze te Two.0.
Some work has bot done to make integers and long integers a bit more interchangeable. Ter 1.Five.Two, large-file support wasgoed added for Solaris, to permit reading files larger than Two GiB, this made the tell() method of verkeersopstopping objects comeback a long oprecht instead of a regular rechtschapen. Some code would subtract two verkeersopstopping offsets and attempt to use the result to multiply a sequence or slice a string, but this raised a TypeError . Ter Two.0, long integers can be used to multiply or slice a sequence, and it’ll behave spil you’d intuitively expect it to, 3L * ‘alfabet’ produces ‘abcabcabc’, and (0,1,Two,Three)[2L:4L] produces (Two,Trio). Long integers can also be used te various contexts where previously only integers were accepted, such spil ter the seek() method of opstopping objects, and te the formats supported by the % technicus ( %d , %i , %x , etc.). For example, ",%d", % 2L**64 will produce the string 18446744073709551616 .
The subtlest long rechtschapen switch of all is that the str() of a long rechtschapen no longer has a trailing ‘L’ character, however repr() still includes it. The ‘L’ annoyed many people who desired to print long integers that looked just like regular integers, since they had to go out of their way to chop off the character. This is no longer a problem ter Two.0, but code which does str(longval)[:-1] and assumes the ‘L’ is there, will now lose the final digit.
Taking the repr() of a float now uses a different formatting precision than str() . repr() uses %.17g format string for C’s sprintf() , while str() uses %.12g spil before. The effect is that repr() may from time to time vertoning more parte places than str() , for certain numbers. For example, the number 8.1 can’t be represented exactly ter binary, so repr(8.1) is ‘8.0999999999999996’ , while str(8.1) is ‘8.1’ .
The -X command-line option, which turned all standard exceptions into strings instead of classes, has bot eliminated, the standard exceptions will now always be classes. The exceptions module containing the standard exceptions wasgoed translated from Python to a built-in C module, written by Barry Warsaw and Fredrik Lundh.
Some of the switches are under the covers, and will only be apparent to people writing C extension modules or embedding a Python interpreter ter a larger application. If you aren’t dealing with Python’s C API, you can securely skip this section.
The version number of the Python C API wasgoed incremented, so C extensions compiled for 1.Five.Two voorwaarde be recompiled te order to work with Two.0. On Windows, it’s not possible for Python Two.0 to invoer a third party extension built for Python 1.Five.x due to how Windows DLLs work, so Python will raise an exception and the invoer will fail.
Users of Jim Fulton’s ExtensionClass module will be pleased to find out that hooks have bot added so that ExtensionClasses are now supported by isinstance() and issubclass() . This means you no longer have to recall to write code such spil if type(obj) == myExtensionClass , but can use the more natural if isinstance(obj, myExtensionClass) .
The Python/importdl.c opstopping, which wasgoed a mass of #ifdefs to support dynamic loading on many different platforms, wasgoed cleaned up and reorganised by Greg Stein. importdl.c is now fairly puny, and platform-specific code has bot moved into a bunch of Python/dynload_*.c files. Another cleanup: there were also a number of my*.h files te the Include/ directory that held various portability hacks, they’ve bot merged into a single opstopping, Include/pyport.h .
Vladimir Marangozov’s long-awaited malloc restructuring wasgoed finished, to make it effortless to have the Python interpreter use a custom-built allocator instead of C’s standard malloc() . For documentation, read the comments te Include/pymem.h and Include/objimpl.h . For the lengthy discussions during which the interface wasgoed hammered out, see the Web archives of the ‘patches’ and ‘python-dev’ lists at python.org.
Latest versions of the GUSI development environment for MacOS support POSIX threads. Therefore, Python’s POSIX threading support now works on the Macintosh. Threading support using the user-space GNU pth library wasgoed also contributed.
Threading support on Windows wasgoed enhanced, too. Windows supports thread locks that use kernel objects only te case of contention, te the common case when there’s no contention, they use simpler functions which are an order of magnitude quicker. A threaded version of Python 1.Five.Two on NT is twice spil slow spil an unthreaded version, with the Two.0 switches, the difference is only 10%. Thesis improvements were contributed by Yakov Markovitch.
Python Two.0’s source now uses only ANSI C prototypes, so compiling Python now requires an ANSI C compiler, and can no longer be done using a compiler that only supports K&R C.
Previously the Python posible machine used 16-bit numbers te its bytecode, limiting the size of source files. Te particular, this affected the maximum size of fiel lists and dictionaries te Python source, periodically people who are generating Python code would run into this limit. A patch by Charles G. Waldman raises the limit from 2^16 to 2^ .
Three fresh convenience functions intended for adding constants to a module’s dictionary at module initialization time were added: PyModule_AddObject() , PyModule_AddIntConstant() , and PyModule_AddStringConstant() . Each of thesis functions takes a module object, a null-terminated C string containing the name to be added, and a third argument for the value to be assigned to the name. This third argument is, respectively, a Python object, a C long, or a C string.
A wrapper API wasgoed added for Unix-style signal handlers. PyOS_getsig() gets a signal handler and PyOS_setsig() will set a fresh handler.
Distutils: Making Modules Effortless to Install
Before Python Two.0, installing modules wasgoed a tedious affair – there wasgoed no way to figure out automatically where Python is installed, or what compiler options to use for extension modules. Software authors had to go through an arduous ritual of editing Makefiles and configuration files, which only truly work on Unix and leave Windows and MacOS unsupported. Python users faced frantically differing installation instructions which varied inbetween different extension packages, which made administering a Python installation something of a chore.
The SIG for distribution utilities, shepherded by Greg Ward, has created the Distutils, a system to make package installation much lighter. They form the distutils package, a fresh part of Python’s standard library. Te the best case, installing a Python module from source will require the same steps: very first you simply mean unpack the tarball or zip archive, and the run “ python setup.py install ”. The verhoging will be automatically detected, the compiler will be recognized, C extension modules will be compiled, and the distribution installed into the zindelijk directory. Optional command-line arguments provide more control overheen the installation process, the distutils package offers many places to override defaults – separating the build from the install, building or installing te non-default directories, and more.
Ter order to use the Distutils, you need to write a setup.py script. For the elementary case, when the software contains only .py files, a minimal setup.py can be just a few lines long:
The setup.py opstopping isn’t much more complicated if the software consists of a few packages:
A C extension can be the most complicated case, here’s an example taken from the PyXML package:
The Distutils can also take care of creating source and binary distributions. The “sdist” directive, run by “ python setup.py sdist ‘, builds a source distribution such spil foo-1.0.tar.gz . Adding fresh directives isn’t difficult, “bdist_rpm” and “bdist_wininst” instructions have already bot contributed to create an RPM distribution and a Windows installer for the software, respectively. Directives to create other distribution formats such spil Debian packages and Solaris .pkg files are te various stages of development.
All this is documented ter a fresh manual, Distributing Python Modules, that joins the basic set of Python documentation.
Python 1.Five.Two included a ordinary XML parser te the form of the xmllib module, contributed by Sjoerd Mullender. Since 1.Five.Two’s release, two different interfaces for processing XML have become common: SAX2 (version Two of the Elementary API for XML) provides an event-driven interface with some similarities to xmllib , and the Onverstandig (Document Object Specimen) provides a tree-based interface, converting an XML document into a tree of knots that can be traversed and modified. Python Two.0 includes a SAX2 interface and a stripped- down Onverstandig interface spil part of the xml package. Here wij will give a geschreven overview of thesis fresh interfaces, consultatie the Python documentation or the source code for accomplish details. The Python XML SIG is also working on improved documentation.
SAX defines an event-driven interface for parsing XML. To use SAX, you voorwaarde write a SAX handler class. Handler classes inherit from various classes provided by SAX, and override various methods that will then be called by the XML parser. For example, the startElement() and endElement() methods are called for every embarking and end tag encountered by the parser, the characters() method is called for every chunk of character gegevens, and so forward.
The advantage of the event-driven treatment is that the entire document doesn’t have to be resident ter memory at any one time, which matters if you are processing truly yam-sized documents. However, writing the SAX handler class can get very complicated if you’re attempting to modify the document structure te some elaborate way.
For example, this little example program defines a handler that prints a message for every commencing and ending tag, and then parses the verkeersopstopping hamlet.xml using it:
For more information, raadpleging the Python documentation, or the XML HOWTO at http://pyxml.sourceforge.nipt/topics/howto/xml-howto.html.
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The Document Object Specimen is a tree-based representation for an XML document. A top-level Document example is the root of the tree, and has a single child which is the top-level Factor example. This Factor has children knots signifying character gegevens and any sub-elements, which may have further children of their own, and so forward. Using the Onverstandig you can traverse the resulting tree any way you like, access factor and attribute values, insert and delete knots, and convert the tree back into XML.
The Onverstandig is useful for modifying XML documents, because you can create a Onverstandig tree, modify it by adding fresh knots or rearranging subtrees, and then produce a fresh XML document spil output. You can also construct a Onverstandig tree by hand and convert it to XML, which can be a more supple way of producing XML output than simply writing <,tag1>, . <,/tag1>, to a verkeersopstopping.
The Onverstandig implementation included with Python lives te the xml.onverstandig.minidom module. It’s a lightweight implementation of the Level 1 Onverstandig with support for XML namespaces. The parse() and parseString() convenience functions are provided for generating a Onverstandig tree:
doc is a Document example. Document , like all the other Onverstandig classes such spil Factor and Text , is a subclass of the Knot saco class. All the knots ter a Onverstandig tree therefore support certain common methods, such spil toxml() which comebacks a string containing the XML representation of the knot and its children. Each class also has special methods of its own, for example, Factor and Document instances have a method to find all child elements with a given tag name. Continuing from the previous 2-line example:
For the Hamlet XML verkeersopstopping, the above few lines output:
The root factor of the document is available spil doc.documentElement , and its children can be lightly modified by deleting, adding, or removing knots:
Again, I will refer you to the Python documentation for a finish listing of the different Knot classes and their various methods.
Relationship to PyXML
The XML Special Rente Group has bot working on XML-related Python code for a while. Its code distribution, called PyXML, is available from the SIG’s Web pages at http://www.python.org/sigs/xml-sig/. The PyXML distribution also used the package name xml . If you’ve written programs that used PyXML, you’re very likely wondering about its compatibility with the Two.0 xml package.
The reaction is that Python Two.0’s xml package isn’t compatible with PyXML, but can be made compatible by installing a latest version PyXML. Many applications can get by with the XML support that is included with Python Two.0, but more complicated applications will require that the total PyXML package will be installed. When installed, PyXML versions 0.6.0 or greater will substitute the xml package shipped with Python, and will be a stringent superset of the standard package, adding a bunch of extra features. Some of the extra features te PyXML include:
4DOM, a utter Onverstandig implementation from FourThought, Inc.
The xmlproc validating parser, written by Lars Marius Garshol.
The sgmlop parser accelerator module, written by Fredrik Lundh.
Brian Gallew contributed OpenSSL support for the socket module. OpenSSL is an implementation of the Secure Socket Layer, which encrypts the gegevens being sent overheen a socket. When compiling Python, you can edit Modules/Setup to include SSL support, which adds an extra function to the socket module: socket.ssl(socket, keyfile, certfile)() , which takes a socket object and comebacks an SSL socket. The httplib and urllib modules were also switched to support https:// URLs, tho’ no one has implemented FTP or SMTP overheen SSL.
The httplib module has bot rewritten by Greg Stein to support HTTP/1.1. Backward compatibility with the 1.Five version of httplib is provided, however using HTTP/1.1 features such spil pipelining will require rewriting code to use a different set of interfaces.
The Tkinter module now supports Tcl/Tk version 8.1, 8.Two, or 8.Trio, and support for the older 7.x versions has bot dropped. The Tkinter module now supports displaying Unicode strings ter Tk widgets. Also, Fredrik Lundh contributed an optimization which makes operations like create_line and create_polygon much swifter, especially when using lots of coordinates.
The curses module has bot greatly extended, embarking from Oliver Andrich’s enhanced version, to provide many extra functions from ncurses and SYSV curses, such spil colour, alternative character set support, pads, and mouse support. This means the module is no longer compatible with operating systems that only have BSD curses, but there don’t seem to be any presently maintained OSes that fall into this category.
Spil mentioned ter the earlier discussion of Two.0’s Unicode support, the underlying implementation of the regular expressions provided by the re module has bot switched. SRE, a fresh regular expression engine written by Fredrik Lundh and partially funded by Hewlett Packard, supports matching against both 8-bit strings and Unicode strings.
A number of fresh modules were added. Wij’ll simply list them with schrijven descriptions, consultatie the Two.0 documentation for the details of a particular module.
atexit: For registering functions to be called before the Python interpreter exits. Code that presently sets sys.exitfunc directly should be switched to use the atexit module instead, importing atexit and calling atexit.register() with the function to be called on uitgang. (Contributed by Skip Montanaro.)
codecs, encodings , unicodedata: Added spil part of the fresh Unicode support.
filecmp: Supersedes the old cmp, cmpcache and dircmp modules, which have now become deprecated. (Contributed by Gordon MacMillan and Moshe Zadka.)
gettext: This module provides internationalization (I18N) and localization (L10N) support for Python programs by providing an interface to the GNU gettext message catalog library. (Integrated by Barry Warsaw, from separate contributions by Martin von Löwis, Peter Funk, and James Henstridge.)
linuxaudiodev : Support for the /dev/audio device on Linux, a twin to the existing sunaudiodev module. (Contributed by Peter Bosch, with fixes by Jeremy Hylton.)
mmap: An interface to memory-mapped files on both Windows and Unix. A opstopping’s contents can be mapped directly into memory, at which point it behaves like a mutable string, so its contents can be read and modified. They can even be passed to functions that expect ordinary strings, such spil the re module. (Contributed by Sam Rushing, with some extensions by A.M. Kuchling.)
pyexpat : An interface to the Expat XML parser. (Contributed by Paul Prescod.)
robotparser: Parse a robots.txt verkeersopstopping, which is used for writing Web spiders that politely avoid certain areas of a Web webpagina. The parser accepts the contents of a robots.txt verkeersopstopping, builds a set of rules from it, and can then response questions about the fetchability of a given URL. (Contributed by Skip Montanaro.)
tabnanny: A module/script to check Python source code for ambiguous indentation. (Contributed by Tim Peters.)
UserString: A cojín class useful for deriving objects that behave like strings.
webbrowser: A module that provides a verhoging independent way to launch a web browser on a specific URL. For each toneel, various browsers are attempted ter a specific order. The user can alter which browser is launched by setting the BROWSER environment variable. (Originally inspired by Eric S. Raymond’s patch to urllib which added similar functionality, but the final module comes from code originally implemented by Fred Drake spil Instruments/idle/BrowserControl.py , and adapted for the standard library by Fred.)
_winreg: An interface to the Windows registry. _winreg is an adaptation of functions that have bot part of PythonWin since 1995, but has now bot added to the core distribution, and enhanced to support Unicode. _winreg wasgoed written by Bill Tutt and Mark Hammond.
zipfile: A module for reading and writing ZIP-format archives. Thesis are archives produced by PKZIP on DOS/Windows or zip on Unix, not to be confused with gzip-format files (which are supported by the gzip module) (Contributed by James C. Ahlstrom.)
imputil: A module that provides a simpler way for writing customised invoer hooks, ter comparison to the existing ihooks module. (Implemented by Greg Stein, with much discussion on python-dev along the way.)
IDLE is the official Python cross-platform IDE, written using Tkinter. Python Two.0 includes IDLE 0.6, which adds a number of fresh features and improvements. A partial list:
UI improvements and optimizations, especially ter the area of syntax highlighting and auto-indentation.
The class browser now shows more information, such spil the top level functions te a module.
Tabulator width is now a user settable option. When opening an existing Python opstopping, IDLE automatically detects the indentation conventions, and adapts.
There is now support for calling browsers on various platforms, used to open the Python documentation ter a browser.
IDLE now has a instruction line, which is largely similar to the vanilla Python interpreter.
Call tips were added te many places.
IDLE can now be installed spil a package.
Te the editor window, there is now a line/katern brochure at the bottom.
Three fresh keystroke guidelines: Check module (Alt-F5), Invoer module (F5) and Run script (Ctrl-F5).
Deleted and Deprecated Modules
A few modules have bot dropped because they’re obsolete, or because there are now better ways to do the same thing. The stdwin module is gone, it wasgoed for a platform-independent windowing toolkit that’s no longer developed.
A number of modules have bot moved to the lib-old subdirectory: cmp , cmpcache , dircmp , dump , find , grep , packmail , poly , util , whatsound , zmod . If you have code which relies on a module that’s bot moved to lib-old , you can simply add that directory to sys.path to get them back, but you’re encouraged to update any code that uses thesis modules.
The authors would like to thank the following people for suggesting suggestions on various drafts of this article: David Bolen, Mark Hammond, Gregg Hauser, Jeremy Hylton, Fredrik Lundh, Detlef Lannert, Aahz Maruch, Skip Montanaro, Vladimir Marangozov, Tobias Polzin, Guido van Rossum, Neil Schemenauer, and Russ Schmidt.
Pri citiranju zadnjega Tadejevega sporocila jouw prislo do vrivanja xml sheme v sporocilo, zaradi cesar se jou podrla struktura teme. Zato sem zadnji dve sporocili izbrisal ter popravil Tadejevo sporocilo.
Prosim za razumevanje, avtorjem izbrisanih sporocil vader se opravicujem.
ANA wrote: … Situacije v katerih se znajdemo morda res vedno ne izgledajo roznate a odvisno iz katerega zornega kota pogledamo na njih!
Se droben dodatek iz popularne kulture:
Sometimes, despite your best efforts otherwise, life will give you lemons.
When that happens, you’ve got two choices, friend.
You can wear a sour face or make lemonade.
(iz filma: Love Happens, Brandon Camp 2009)
metuljcica wrote: Kako se citira samo plusteken del besedila? Tega nikakor ne morem pogruntat
V oknu, kjer imas besedilo, katerega navajas, izbrises, cesar ne rabis med oznakama QUOTE. Namesto izbrisanega lahko vstavis … krot oznacbo, da gre za izrezan del. Ne zbrisi paps oglatih oklepajev.
Windows 7 privzeto res ne vsebuje mail-clienta, zato jou postopek sledec:
1. V embark menuju spodaj vtipkas: Essentials ter kliknes na zadetek, ki se ti pokaze: ‘go online to get windows live essentials’
Two. se bolj enostavno: s povezave http://www.download.live.com/wlmail si preneses mail-clienta.
1. Klikni Start->,All Programs ter z desnim gumbom miske klikni na Outlook express ter izberi moznost Ustvari bliznjico/Create Shortcut iz padajocega seznama
Two. Klikni Start->,All Programs te z misko klikni na ikono, ki si jo ustvaril v prejsnjem koraku, Outlook Express (Two) ter jo, ne da bisexual spustil misko, povleci na namizje
Trio. Ikono z namizja povleces v Quick Launch drankbuffet, levo podrocje taskbara
Ce uporabljas Outlook iz MS Office 2003 ali 2007, jouw postopek enak, le da jou v 1. te Two. koraku pot drugacna: